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Causes, Course and Consequences. What is total war? Striking both civilian and military targets including private homes Who used it and after what major,

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Presentation on theme: "Causes, Course and Consequences. What is total war? Striking both civilian and military targets including private homes Who used it and after what major,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Causes, Course and Consequences

2 What is total war? Striking both civilian and military targets including private homes Who used it and after what major, three day battle was it used? Ulysses Grant and William Sherman after The Battle of Gettysburg Name three ways that African Americans supported the war effort? Served as spies Joined the army and fought for the Union Refused to work for their southern owners Providing information and contraband for the Union

3 What was the South’s main way of means? agriculture What was the North’s main way of means? industry Why were the people so shocked by the first large battle, The Battle of Bull Run? It was more gruesome than they expected What significant port was captured by the Union early in the war? New Orleans  What major event caused the first southern states to secede from the Union? The election of Lincoln

4 What was a geographical advantage of the South over the North? they were fighting in their own territory Compare the populations of the North and South. the South had a larger population How did the North respond to the Civil War in regards to its industries? Their industries became more mechanized How did the South try to overcome their lack of funds and supplies? petitioned Britain and France for aid

5 When the Legal Tender Act was passed in 1862, what did the US State Treasury create? a national currency What profession grew substantially with women’s participation during the Civil War? nursing If a solider was lucky enough to survive a battle but with a wound, what danger did he face? Infection/disease What happened to each side’s economy during the war? The South’s decreased; the North’s stayed stable or thrived How did the Civil War affect the federal government’s authority over states’ rights? It established itself as having more power over states’ rights and determining laws for states

6 Where is Vicksburg located? What major river is located there? Mississippi; Mississippi River Why was it such a strategic location for the Union? They could control the Mississippi River and split the South in half Where did Lee surrender to Grant? The Appomattox Court House in Virginia How did Lincoln’s ability to unify the bitterly divided North have on the outcome of the war? It helped the Union win Which side struggled more after the war? Why? The South because it was destroyed so badly and they lacked industrial experience

7 How many days did The Battle of Gettysburg last? three When did this battle occur? July 1, 2, 3, 1863 What is ironic about the time of year of this battle? It is right before America’s Independence Day and now the country is in a Civil War What is significant about this battle? It is the turning point of the war.  What is significant about Lincoln’s Gettysburg Address? It defined the nature of a democratic government “for the people, by the people…” How did the Civil War end? Lee surrendered to Grant

8 How did abolitionists pressure Lincoln to issue the Emancipation Proclamation? They pressured him to take a stand on slavery Why didn’t the Emancipation Proclamation apply to the four border states? Because they were strategically located, he did wanted them to remain loyal to the Union  What did the 13 th Amendment to the U.S Constitution “guarantee”? It abolished slavery

9 Describe what the overall message of this cartoon is. Who do the snakes represent? Who does the lady represent? What issue would the person who drew this support?

10 Describe what the overall message of this cartoon is. The Copperheads are a threat to the Union. Who do the snakes represent? Copperheads Who does the lady represent? The Union What issue would the person who drew this support? Lincoln’s suspension of the writ of habeas corpus

11 February 9- “We established a regular camp here. This last March has been a very hard one, and only a distance of the thirty miles. But it took us from Wednesday to Sunday, through snow, rain and mud ankle-deep and without rations. Kinston is a perfect ruin, as the Yankees have destroyed everything they could barely touch, but it must at one time have been a very pretty town-but now nothing scarcely but chimneys are left to show how the Yankees are trying to reconstruct the Union.” - Louis Leon, The Battle of Gettysburg

12 What does the author say about the town of Kinston and how it was “at one time”? It was nice What does he say about the town now? It is in ruin What was life like for the Confederate solider? It was very difficult and they lived in harsh conditions Other than being killed in battle, what can you infer was another danger to the soldiers during this time? Dying of cold or starvation

13 “This country will be drenched in blood. The people of the North are not going to let the country be destroyed without a mighty effort to save it. Beside, where are your men and appliances of war to contend against them? You are rushing into war with one of the most powerful, ingeniously mechanical and determined people on earth-right at your doors. Only in spirit and determination are you prepared for war. In all else you are totally unprepared.”

14 Summarize this quote Who does he predict will win? The North How/Why does he think they will win? The north is technologically advanced and the south lacks a large military *use info from the quote to support your answer


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