Presentation on theme: "Native American Traditions"— Presentation transcript:
1 Native American Traditions In Harmony with NatureNative American Traditions
2 Native Americans 200 distinct groups – 500 distinct languages Created the first American LiteratureOral Tradition - Spoken words handed down from generation to generation in storytelling and performances
3 Native American Literature Emphasizes the importance of living in harmony with the natural worldHuman beings have a kinship with animals, plants, the land, heavenly bodies, and the elementsThe human and the nonhuman are seen as parts of a sacred wholeHuman beings must maintain a right relationship with the world around them
4 Native American Literature Creation myths explain how the universe, earth, and life beganHero and trickster tales show how the world transformed to its present stateRitual songs and chants are used as part of Native American ceremonies
5 IroquoisRefers to six separate Native American groups – Seneca, Cayuga, Oneida, Onodaga, Mohawk, and TuscaroraAll but the Tuscarora once resided in what is now New York StateWar with other tribes led to the formation of the “Iroquois League” in 1570For 200 years, Iroquois dominated other Native American groups and remained free from British and French rule
6 The World on the Turtle’s Back Iroquois Creation MythMyth – Traditional story, passed down through generations, that explains why the world is the way that it is.Creation Myth – A myth that explains how the universe, earth and life began
7 Creation MythsExplain the beginnings of the universe, life, and the earthTo some extent, are imaginative stories of cause and effectCause and Effect Relationship - One thing (the cause) directly brings about the other (the effect)
9 The World on the Turtle’s Back Contains the idea that there is a sky world above our world where supernatural beings existA story of cause and effectThe actions of supernatural beings cause the present features of the world to existExplains how the land and other physical features were formed
11 The World on the Turtle’s Back ThemeExpresses a Native American ideal of people living in harmony with nature
12 Vocabulary Void (noun) – An empty space There was a void in my life until I met you.A void in the galaxy puzzled the scientists.The void between the towns was lonely and desolate.
13 Vocabulary Ritual (noun) – A ceremonial act or a series of acts My ritual on Saturday mornings is to wake, shower, eat breakfast, and watch cartoons.The priest performed the ritual, thus ensuring the man’s salvation.
14 Vocabulary Devious (noun) – shifty; not straightforward I felt devious when I tricked the child into giving me his candy.The devious man would not tell us where he came from.
15 Vocabulary Contend (verb) – To compete; vie The football team contended for the trophy.No one will contend with me; they are too scared.
16 Vocabulary Succumb (verb) – to give up or give in; yield I tried to keep my hopes up, but eventually I succumbed to the loneliness.I predict that Frank will succumb to the other man’s superior skills in the boxing match.
17 Creation Myth Review: explains how the universe, earth, and life began Creation myths, like all myths, are essentially religious, presenting the cosmic views of the groups that create themJoseph Cambell - American mythology professor, writer, and orator best known for his work in the fields of comparative mythology and comparative religion
18 Cambell’s Four Functions of the Myth To instill a sense of awe toward the mystery of the universeTo explain the workings of the natural worldTo support and validate social customsTo guide people through the trials of living