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IMPROVING VOCABULARY SKILLS Fourth Edition Sherrie L. Nist © 2010 Townsend Press.

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Presentation on theme: "IMPROVING VOCABULARY SKILLS Fourth Edition Sherrie L. Nist © 2010 Townsend Press."— Presentation transcript:

1 IMPROVING VOCABULARY SKILLS Fourth Edition Sherrie L. Nist © 2010 Townsend Press

2 Unit Three: Chapter 16 charisma poignant contemporary prevalent contend proponent conversely quest extroverttraumatic

3 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 1 charisma Charisma means A. feelings. B. personal appeal. C. luck. Kamal has such charisma that when he ran for class president, almost every person in the tenth grade voted for him. His classmates couldn’t resist Kamal’s magnetic personality. Great Britain’s Princess Diana obviously had great charisma. She continues to have numerous loyal fans—long after her death. – noun

4 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Charisma means A. feelings. B. personal appeal. C. luck. Kamal has such charisma that when he ran for class president, almost every person in the tenth grade voted for him. His classmates couldn’t resist Kamal’s magnetic personality. Great Britain’s Princess Diana obviously had great charisma. She continues to have numerous loyal fans—long after her death. In the first item, the words magnetic personality tell you that charisma means “personal appeal.” In the second item, if Princess Diana continues to have numerous loyal fans, she must have had great personal appeal. 1 charisma – noun

5 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 2 contemporary – adjective Contemporary means A. common. B. old-fashioned. C. today’s. Beth likes contemporary furniture, but her husband prefers antiques. My grandfather says that compared to kids in his day, contemporary youngsters are soft and lazy. A contemporary armchair

6 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Contemporary means A. common. B. old-fashioned. C. today’s. Beth likes contemporary furniture, but her husband prefers antiques. My grandfather says that compared to kids in his day, contemporary youngsters are soft and lazy. In contrast with her husband’s preference for antiques, Beth likes today’s furniture. In the second item, the words in his day is a clue that contemporary means “today’s.” 2 contemporary – adjective A contemporary armchair

7 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 3 contend – verb Contend means A. to wish. B. to deny. C. to declare. The defense attorney contended that his client was insane and therefore could not be held responsible for the murder. Scientists contend that no two snowflakes are identical, but how could they possibly prove it?

8 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Contend means A. to wish. B. to deny. C. to declare. The defense attorney contended that his client was insane and therefore could not be held responsible for the murder. Scientists contend that no two snowflakes are identical, but how could they possibly prove it? A defense attorney would declare his client could not be held responsible. Scientists declare this unprovable “fact” about snowflakes. 3 contend – verb

9 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Ron, who is basically bored by food, eats in order to live. Conversely, Nate loves food so much that he seems to live in order to eat. Mary drives her children to school whenever it rains. Conversely, Thea makes her kids walk because she thinks a little rain never hurt anyone. 4 conversely Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Conversely means A. in contrast. B. in a modern way. C. similarly. – adverb

10 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Ron, who is basically bored by food, eats in order to live. Conversely, Nate loves food so much that he seems to live in order to eat. Mary drives her children to school whenever it rains. Conversely, Thea makes her kids walk because she thinks a little rain never hurt anyone. Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Conversely means A. in contrast. B. in a modern way. C. similarly. Nate’s love of food is in contrast to Ron’s being bored with food. Thea’s making her kids walk in the rain is in contrast to Mary’s driving her kids when it rains. 4 conversely – adverb

11 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Extrovert means A. a supporter of causes. B. a timid person. C. a sociable person. 5 extrovert – noun Surprisingly, not all performers are extroverts. Offstage, many are quiet and shy. Ms. Stein hired Roberto to greet and chat with her clients because he’s such an extrovert.

12 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Extrovert means A. a supporter of causes. B. a timid person. C. a sociable person. Surprisingly, not all performers are extroverts. Offstage, many are quiet and shy. Ms. Stein hired Roberto to greet and chat with her clients because he’s such an extrovert. In the first item, the words quiet and shy contrast with the meaning of extrovert—“a sociable person.” Ms. Stein would want a sociable person to greet and chat with her clients. 5 extrovert – noun

13 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Poignant means A. affecting the emotions. B. correct. C. lively. The service honoring American soldiers missing in action was touching. A speech by a friend of one of the soldiers was particularly poignant. I cried when I read a poignant story about a dying girl who gave away all of her dolls to “poor children.” 6 poignant – adjective

14 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Poignant means A. affecting the emotions. B. correct. C. lively. The service honoring American soldiers missing in action was touching. A speech by a friend of one of the soldiers was particularly poignant. I cried when I read a poignant story about a dying girl who gave away all of her dolls to “poor children.” In the first item, the word touching is a clue that poignant means “affecting the emotions.” In the second item, the word cried is a clue that poignant means “affecting the emotions.” 6 poignant – adjective

15 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Prevalent means A. favorable. B. found frequently. C. unlikely. Television sets are more prevalent in the United States than bathtubs. Over half of American homes have three or more TVs. Far fewer homes have more than one bathtub. Unemployment was prevalent during America’s Great Depression. By 1932, over twelve million people were out of work. 7 prevalent – adjective

16 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Prevalent means A. favorable. B. found frequently. C. unlikely. Television sets are more prevalent in the United States than bathtubs. Over half of American homes have three or more TVs. Far fewer homes have more than one bathtub. Unemployment was prevalent during America’s Great Depression. By 1932, over twelve million people were out of work. The statistics given in the first item demonstrate that television sets are more frequently found in U.S. homes than are bathtubs. If over twelve million people were out of work, unemployment was widespread (found frequently) in prevalent – adjective

17 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Proponent means A. a recipient. B. an opponent. C. a supporter. I voted for Senator Williams, a proponent of improved services for the elderly, because I feel that many older people need greater assistance. Although Elaine quit work to take care of her children, she is a proponent of employer-supported day care. 8 proponent – noun Proponents of women’s right to vote (early 1900s)

18 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Proponent means A. a recipient. B. an opponent. C. a supporter. I voted for Senator Williams, a proponent of improved services for the elderly, because I feel that many older people need greater assistance. Although Elaine quit work to take care of her children, she is a proponent of employer-supported day care. Someone who feels older people need assistance would vote for a supporter of improved services for the elderly. In spite of the fact that Elaine quit to care for her children, she is a supporter of employer- supported day care. 8 proponent – noun Proponents of women’s right to vote (early 1900s)

19 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Quest means A. a hunt. B. a question. C. a design. During Carlo’s quest for the perfect pizza, he sampled the cheese pizza at twenty-seven different restaurants. Ponce de Leon’s quest was for the Fountain of Youth; what he found instead was Florida. 9 quest – noun

20 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Quest means A. a hunt. B. a question. C. a design. During Carlo’s quest for the perfect pizza, he sampled the cheese pizza at twenty-seven different restaurants. Ponce de Leon’s quest was for the Fountain of Youth; what he found instead was Florida. If Carlo tried pizza at twenty-seven restaurants, he must have been on a hunt for the perfect pizza. In the second item, the word found is a clue that quest means “a hunt.” 9 quest – noun

21 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Traumatic means A. familiar. B. reasonable. C. extremely upsetting. 10 traumatic Divorce can be less traumatic for children if their fears and feelings are taken into account as the divorce takes place. My cousin has had nightmares ever since his traumatic experience of being trapped in a coal mine. – adjective Photo: Andrea Booher/FEMA The traumatic results of a California wildfire

22 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Traumatic means A. familiar. B. reasonable. C. extremely upsetting. Divorce can be less traumatic for children if their fears and feelings are taken into account as the divorce takes place. My cousin has had nightmares ever since his traumatic experience of being trapped in a coal mine. A divorce can be an extremely upsetting event in the life of a child. Being trapped in a coal mine would be an extremely upsetting experience— upsetting enough to cause nightmares. 10 traumatic – adjective The traumatic results of a California wildfire Photo: Andrea Booher/FEMA

23 SENTENCE CHECK 1 2.Nancy is a(n) _______ by nature, but since she’s become depressed, she has avoided other people. 1.I study best in the morning. __________, my sister concentrates better at night. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. charismaB. contemporaryC. contendD. converselyE.extrovert F. poignantG. prevalentH. proponentI. questJ.traumatic

24 SENTENCE CHECK 1 2.Nancy is an _________ by nature, but since she’s become depressed, she has avoided other people. 1.I study best in the morning. __________, my sister concentrates better at night. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. charismaB. contemporaryC. contendD. converselyE.extrovert F. poignantG. prevalentH. proponentI. questJ.traumatic Conversely extrovert The time of day the one person studies best is in contrast to the time of day the other person concentrates best. Nancy’s current avoidance of other people is contrasted with her outgoing, sociable nature.

25 4.Underage drinking was so _________ in the fraternity house that college officials ordered the house closed for a year. SENTENCE CHECK 1 5.“This woman ________s that she was here before you,” said the supermarket checkout clerk. “Is it her turn now?” 3.At the airport, I was very moved by the __________ reunion of family members who had been separated for years. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. charismaB. contemporaryC. contendD. converselyE.extrovert F. poignantG. prevalentH. proponentI. questJ.traumatic

26 4.Underage drinking was so _________ in the fraternity house that college officials ordered the house closed for a year. SENTENCE CHECK 1 5.“This woman _________ that she was here before you,” said the supermarket checkout clerk. “Is it her turn now?” 3.At the airport, I was very moved by the __________ reunion of family members who had been separated for years. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. charismaB. contemporaryC. contendD. converselyE.extrovert F. poignantG. prevalentH. proponentI. questJ.traumatic poignant prevalent contends The word moved tells you that poignant means “touching.” If the fraternity house was closed for a year, the underage drinking must have been widespread. The woman claims that she was there first.

27 SENTENCE CHECK 1 7.Certain movie stars may not be great actors, but they have a(n) _______ that makes people want to see their films. 6.Felipe is a(n) _______ of exercising for good health. He even encourages his young children to swim or cycle every day. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. charismaB. contemporaryC. contendD. converselyE.extrovert F. poignantG. prevalentH. proponentI. questJ.traumatic

28 SENTENCE CHECK 1 7.Certain movie stars may not be great actors, but they have a _________ that makes people want to see their films. 6.Felipe is a _________ of exercising for good health. He even encourages his young children to swim or cycle every day. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. charismaB. contemporaryC. contendD. converselyE.extrovert F. poignantG. prevalentH. proponentI. questJ.traumatic proponent charisma Felipe’s actions show he is someone who supports exercising. If the stars make people want to see their films, they must have a personal magnetism.

29 9.Abby didn’t like the apartment with the old-fashioned bath- tub and radiators. She preferred a more ___________ place. SENTENCE CHECK 1 8.Repeating third grade was __________ for my brother. It still pains him to think about it, even though he’s a successful businessman now. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. charismaB. contemporaryC. contendD. converselyE.extrovert F. poignantG. prevalentH. proponentI. questJ.traumatic 10.During the past three hundred years, several people have gone on a __________ for Noah’s ark. Some have looked for it in northeastern Turkey, on Mount Ararat, sixteen thousand feet above sea level.

30 9.Abby didn’t like the apartment with the old-fashioned bath- tub and radiators. She preferred a more ___________ place. SENTENCE CHECK 1 8.Repeating third grade was __________ for my brother. It still pains him to think about it, even though he’s a successful businessman now. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. charismaB. contemporaryC. contendD. converselyE.extrovert F. poignantG. prevalentH. proponentI. questJ.traumatic If it still pains him years later, it must have been extremely upsetting. Old-fashioned is a clue that Abby preferred a more modern place. People would go on a search for Noah’s ark. The word looked is a clue. quest contemporary traumatic


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