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Words for Production Words for Production Words for Recognition Words for Recognition Idioms and Phrases Idioms and Phrases Word Smart Word Smart.

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Presentation on theme: "Words for Production Words for Production Words for Recognition Words for Recognition Idioms and Phrases Idioms and Phrases Word Smart Word Smart."— Presentation transcript:

1 Words for Production Words for Production Words for Recognition Words for Recognition Idioms and Phrases Idioms and Phrases Word Smart Word Smart

2 1. trait [tret] n. [C] Elsa’s most attractive personality trait is her sense of humor. a particular quality in one’s personality 特質,特點

3 2. tendency [`tEnd1nsI] n. [C] That man who keeps on hurting himself has suicidal tendencies. an aspect of one’s character that he/she shows by behaving in a certain way 傾向 tend vi.

4 tend [tEnd] vi. 傾向 Students tend to get up late when they don’t have to go to school.

5 3. extreme [Ik`strim] n. [C] a quality or situation that is very great in degree, especially far from a normal level 極端,極度 Sometimes Alice seems happy, and sometimes she is sad. She usually goes from one extreme to the other. extreme adj.

6 extreme [Ik`strim] adj. 極端的,極度的 Monica does everything with extreme care. She never wants to make any mistakes. extremely adv.

7 extremely [Ik`strimlI] adv. 非常,極其 Mark was extremely worried about the test, so he couldn’t fall asleep last night.

8 4. conservative [k1n`s3v1tIv] adj. not willing to accept changes or new ideas 保守的,守舊的 Parents are usually more conservative than their children.

9 5. discipline [`dIs1plIn] n. [U] the practice of making people behave well or follow rules 紀律 The book gives parents tips on discipline and helps them understand how to teach their children well. discipline vt.

10 discipline [`dIs1plIn] vt. 管教 When it comes to disciplining children, giving love is probably the best way to teach them to follow rules.

11 6. politics [`pAl1&tIks] n. [U] ideas and activities which are related to getting and using power in a country or city 政治 ( 事務 ) Mr. Williams has entered politics; he is running for mayor of the city. political adj.

12 political [p1`lItIkL] adj. 政治 的 George is interested in politics. He will major in political science At college. politician n.

13 politician [&pAl1`tIS1n] n. [C] 政客 Since politicians are usually concerned about their own political profit, many people don’t trust them.

14 7. social [`soS1l] adj. relating to meeting people and forming relationships with them; relating to human society 社交的;社會的 The company wants to hire some salespeople with good social skills. The officials had different opinions on the city’s social problems, such as housing shortages and crime. society n.

15 society [s1`saI1tI] n. [C][U] 社會 The goal of our government is to create a less violent society.

16 8. flexible [`flEks1bL] adj. able to change to suit different situations 可變通的,靈活的 My schedule is quite flexible; I can go to the movies with you either on Saturday or Sunday.

17 9. accustomed [1`k^st1md] adj. used to or familiar with some conditions 習慣於 … Jack was accustomed to jogging every morning. He had done this ever since he was a student at school.

18 10. easygoing [&izI`GoI9] adj. not easily annoyed, worried, or upset 脾氣隨和的,溫和的 Lucy is an easygoing person. She seldom gets annoyed or upset.

19 11. ambitious [8m`bIS1s] adj. having a strong desire to be successful, rich, famous, or powerful 野心勃勃的, 有雄心的 The ambitious politician made every effort to get more power in the country, because he desired to be the president there someday. ambition n.

20 ambition [8m`bIS1n] n. [U] 野心,抱負 The young actor is filled with ambition; he is determined to be successful, rich, and famous.

21 12. factor [`f8kt2] n. [C] one of the things that affects an event, decision, or situation 因素,要素 Diligence and good luck are two important factors in Leo’s success.

22 13. ignore [IG`nOr] vt. to pay no attention to something on purpose 忽視,忽略 The teacher asked Nina a question, but she ignored it and didn’t reply.

23 14. dominant [`dAm1n1nt] adj. more powerful or important than others, or trying to control others 支配的,佔優 勢的 English is the dominant language in the world these days, since many people from different countries use this language for communication. dominate vt.

24 dominate [`dAm1&net] vt. 支配,控制 In the past, men dominated most societies. They controlled almost everything.

25 15. modify [`mAd1&faI] vt. to make small changes to something in order to improve it 修正,修改 The company modified its ads in order to attract more customers.

26 16. workshop [`w3k&SAp] n. [C] a meeting at which people learn about a particular subject, by sharing their knowledge and experience, and by doing practical exercises 研討會 In the workshop, Dr. Chen shared her knowledge and experience on how to improve students’ writing ability.

27 17. couple [`k^pL] n. [C] two people who are married or have a close relationship with each other 夫妻; 情侶 The newly married couple went to Hawaii on their honeymoon. After dating for many years, the couple finally made plans to get married later this year.

28 18. combination [&kAmb1`neS1n] n. [C] something that is formed by two or more things 結合,組合 The performances of Taiwan’s Cloud Gate Dance Theater are a combination of East and West, and new and old. combine vt.

29 combine [k1m`baIn] vt. 結合,組合 The English teacher asked Vicky to combine the two sentences into one.

30 19. position [p1`zIS1n] n. [C] where one is in relation to others; the way one’s body is placed 姿勢;位置 We got lost and couldn’t find our current position on the map. You can’t lie in a comfortable position on a small sofa.

31 20. advantage [1d`v8ntIdZ] n. [C] something that makes someone or something better or more successful than others 優勢, 優點 One of the advantages of getting up early is that you can enjoy the fresh morning air. disadvantage n.

32 disadvantage [&dIs1d`v8ntIdZ] n. [C] 劣勢, 缺點 The restaurant’s main disadvantage is that its location is far from the city center.

33 21. minimize [`mIn1&maIz] vt. to reduce something difficult, harmful, or unpleasant to the smallest possible amount or degree 使減到最小 ( 量或程度 ) Drivers can minimize the risk of accidents by following traffic rules.

34 22. negative [`nEG1tIv] adj. harmful or bad; thinking only about the bad side of something 負面的;消極的 Spending too much time watching TV might have a negative effect on children’s eyesight. Don’t be so negative about life. Try to look on the bright side of it.

35 1. psychologist [saI`kAl1dZIst] n. [C] 心理學家 psychology [saI`kAl1dZI] n. [U] 心理學

36 2. sibling [`sIblI9] n. [C] 兄弟或姐妹

37 3. bossy [`bOsI] adj. 愛發號施令的,專橫的

38 4. Brandeis University [`br8ndaIs &jun1`v3s1tI] n. ( 美國 ) 布藍迪斯大學

39 5. firstborn [`f3st`bOrn] adj. ( 子女 ) 最年長的,頭胎的 firstborn [`f3st`bOrn] n. [C] (sing.) 長子,長女

40 6. therapist [`TEr1pIst] n. [C] 治療師

41 7. Connecticut [k1`nEtIk1t] n. ( 美國 ) 康乃迪克州

42 1. by contrast in a situation where two different things or people are compared 相較之下 Pitt is a man of few words. By contrast, his wife is very talkative.

43 2. in trouble in a situation with problems or danger 在困境中 When Betty was in trouble, she always turned to her parents for help.

44 3. take over to take control of or have responsibility for something 接管 The bank went broke and would be taken over by the government soon.

45 4. get along to have a good relationship with other people 和睦相處 Linda is an easygoing person. She gets along well with all her classmates.

46 字首 “over-” 與形容詞結合,可以構成表 「過分 … 的,過度 … 的」之意的形容詞。 active → overactive 過度活躍的 done → overdone 煮得過熟的 heated → overheated 過熱的 excited → overexcited 過度興奮的 crowded → overcrowded 過分擁擠的 dependent → overdependent 過度依賴的


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