Presentation on theme: " PIRATES A Test-Taking Strategy. PIRATES STEP 1: Prepare to Succeed STEP 2: Inspect the Instructions STEP 3: Read, Remember, Reduce STEP 4: Answer."— Presentation transcript:
PIRATES A Test-Taking Strategy
PIRATES STEP 1: Prepare to Succeed STEP 2: Inspect the Instructions STEP 3: Read, Remember, Reduce STEP 4: Answer or Abandon STEP 5: Turn Back STEP 6: Estimate STEP 7: Survey
STEP 1: PREPARE TO SUCCEED Put your name and PIRATES on your test It is very important to put your name on each page of your test – especially on a math test as well as the “working pages”. Write the word “PIRATES” at the top of your test also. This helps remind you to use the strategy throughout the test.
STEP 1 CON’T Allot time and order sections: To do this you need to decide how much time to spend on each section of the test. For example: If the test has 5 sections and there are 50 minutes to complete it, you’d divide 50 minutes by the 5 sections = 10 minutes per section. However, some sections might be longer, etc.
STEP 1 CON’T Allotting order: After you have allotted your time, you need to decide in which order you will complete the sections of the test. Begin with easy sections and save the hard ones last. Reasoning: Beginning with the easier ones will capture as many points as you can as soon as you can. This also builds up your confidence. Harder questions you tend to pause and you may run out of time.
STEP 1 CON’T Saying Affirmations: Before you start your test you will say at least one positive statement to yourself. If you start working on a test with a negative thought, you get nervous, you forget possible answers, what the teacher has said in class, etc. Research has shown that if you think positive thoughts while on a task, you’ll do better.
STEP 1 CON’T Start within 2 minutes. You need to do all these things in Step 1 within 2 minutes. PASS – use this mnemonic device to remember STEP 1: Put your name on paper Allot time Say Affirmations Start within 2 minutes
STEP 2: INSPECT THE INSTRUCTIONS Read ALL instructions THOROUGHLY throughout the test. Underline what you are to do. Notice special requirements Mnemonic device: RUN
STEP 3: READ, REMEMBER, REDUCE READ the whole question – read the whole question from first to last word. Sometimes the word at the end changes what you are to do – or in the middle – or in the beginning. READ ALL the answers in multiple choice questions – this helps choosing the best possible answer, etc.
STEP 3: REMEMBER AFTER you have read the question and BEFORE you have answered, you need to REMEMBER what you have read, what the teacher has talked about…. Try to remember what things you’ve studied, try to visualize the class lecture, etc.
STEP 3: REDUCE After you’ve remembered the information, you need to reduce the choices as you read them. Cross them off so you’ll be reminded that you don’t have to worry about them and then concentrate on other choices.
STEP 4: ANSWER OR ABANDON ANSWER the question: If you’re certain about an answer, mark it correctly as instructed. Answer the question ONLY if you’re sure of the answer. ABANDONING a question: If you don’t know the answer, abandon the question for the moment. Leave it behind – but you will need to mark it using a dot/star/check, etc.
STEP 5: TURN BACK When you get to the end of the test, you need to go back to all the abandoned questions and answer them. You may have remembered the answers by the end of the test or even seen the answers somewhere else throughout the test.
STEP 6: ESTIMATE You should never guess or estimate when you KNOW the answer. You should only guess/estimate ONLY after you have tried every technique you know for remembering an answer. Guess ONLY as a last resort.
STEP 6 CON’T THREE WAYS OF GUESSING: 1. Avoid Absolute Words: All, Always, Every, Only, No, None, Never (these are usually in True/False questions). Choose Non-absolute Words: Few, many, some, seldom, often, usually, sometimes, most 2. Choose the longest/most detailed answer 3. Eliminate similar choices
STEP 7: SURVEY Once you’ve answered all the abandoned questions using information and applying your strategies, you need to look over your test and make sure you have answered ALL questions. ONLY change your answer if you find you marked it wrong and completely sure another answer is better. Usually your 1 st choice is the correct one. If you’re not sure, don’t change it.
PIRATES Research has shown consistently that students who have utilized this strategy receive 10 percentage points higher on their test scores. This strategy helps their percentage grade, but if they don’t study for a test, it won’t necessarily help them get a better letter grade.
PIRATES PRACTICE using Controlled Practice Tests PRACTICE using Maintenance Tests PRACTICE modeling strategy daily/weekly If you don’t use it – you lose it!!!