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Social Media in Real Estate ERES 2012 - Edinburgh Christian Focke Verena Rock Stephanie Petzinger Ann Skrollan Schnurr 15th June 2012.

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Presentation on theme: "Social Media in Real Estate ERES 2012 - Edinburgh Christian Focke Verena Rock Stephanie Petzinger Ann Skrollan Schnurr 15th June 2012."— Presentation transcript:

1 Social Media in Real Estate ERES Edinburgh Christian Focke Verena Rock Stephanie Petzinger Ann Skrollan Schnurr 15th June 2012

2 Seite Focke Rock Petzinger Schnurr Social Media in Real Estate, ERES 2012 Edinburgh Agenda 2 I II III IV V Introduction Literature Review Methodology and Questionnaire Design Findings Conclusion Social Media in Real Estate Agenda

3 Seite Focke Rock Petzinger Schnurr Social Media in Real Estate, ERES 2012 Edinburgh I.Introduction 3 Is social media an important business tool in the real estate industry? Ambiguous sentiment towards social media in the market, recently obvious through the IPO of Facebook Income sources of social media are questionable, but crucial Do social media provide added value to business clients? Paper investigates attitude and level of activity of real estate industry as client of social media services Goal is to find out whether to what extend for which purposes German real estate companies use / plan to use social media

4 Seite Focke Rock Petzinger Schnurr Social Media in Real Estate, ERES 2012 Edinburgh I.Introduction 4 What are Social Media? Social media are web-based services which provide the opportunity to set up a public or semi-public profile. By blogging, instant messaging and uploading photos or videos, people are able to publish quickly and cheaply online. In business, social media offer companies the chance of advertisement, while consumers have the ability to address their positive and negative feedback to the company in a public way. However, it has to be considered that there are many variations of social media [see Boyd/ Ellison (2007); Taylor/ Lewin/ Strutton (2011); Bushey (2010)].

5 Seite Focke Rock Petzinger Schnurr Social Media in Real Estate, ERES 2012 Edinburgh II.Literature Review 5 Literature on social media use in general Research in understanding and using social media was done [Lipsman (2012); Taylor, Lewin, Struton (2011)] A survey concerning the goals of social media applications in profession in Germany was conducted [Kerst et al (2011)] One research report defines four types of social media using companies [Wilson et al (2011)] Implementing social media as recruiting tool is frequently recommended [Hunt (2010)]

6 Seite Focke Rock Petzinger Schnurr Social Media in Real Estate, ERES 2012 Edinburgh II.Literature Review 6 Literature on social media use in real estate Academic studies about the influence of the internet on the real estate market in general have been undertaken [Roulac (1996), Dixon (2005)] Examinations about the number of realtors and shopping centres using social media in the US are existing [Babbage (2011)] Except for some interviews with real estate actors there is a lack of European and especially German research reports

7 Seite Focke Rock Petzinger Schnurr Social Media in Real Estate, ERES 2012 Edinburgh III.Methodology and Questionnaire Design 7 Research design Questionnaire design: Part I: users of social media (9 questions) Part II: non-users of social media (3 questions) Screener: all participants (basic company information) Questionnaire sent out to 787 real estate companies in Germany Survey conducted in 2 rounds, using online survey tool 1.Frankfurt and Aschaffenburg (sample size of 220) 2.Germany (sample size of 567) Response rate: approx. 10% (80 participants)

8 Seite Focke Rock Petzinger Schnurr Social Media in Real Estate, ERES 2012 Edinburgh IV.Findings 8 What does the industry think about social media? >>Key characteristics of participants 70% users, 30% non-users Mostly local or regional players Employees between on average SME, but with history

9 Seite Focke Rock Petzinger Schnurr Social Media in Real Estate, ERES 2012 Edinburgh IV.Findings 9 What does the industry think about social media? >>Type of company – split by users and non-users Users n=38, non-users n=23

10 Seite Focke Rock Petzinger Schnurr Social Media in Real Estate, ERES 2012 Edinburgh IV.Findings 10 What does the industry think about social media? >> Users of social media: favourite social media services Types of social media used 1.Xing (27%) 2.Facebook (24%) 3.Google + (16%) 4.Youtube (13%) … 7.Second Life (1%) Other: newsletters, homepage, real estate internet platforms % Purposes of social media use n=47, multiple answers possible

11 Seite Focke Rock Petzinger Schnurr Social Media in Real Estate, ERES 2012 Edinburgh IV.Findings 11 What does the industry think about social media? >> Users: Utilization of different types of social media answers in %n=45

12 Seite Focke Rock Petzinger Schnurr Social Media in Real Estate, ERES 2012 Edinburgh IV.Findings 12 What does the industry think about social media? >> Users: Changes in business success through use of social media n=41 scale from 5=highly relevant to 1=irrelevant What kind of changes in business success?Is social media more effective than other media channels? n=39 scale from 3=better results than xx to 1=worse results; 0=n.a.

13 Seite Focke Rock Petzinger Schnurr Social Media in Real Estate, ERES 2012 Edinburgh IV.Findings 13 What does the industry think about social media? >> Non-users: Reasons for not using social media as business tool n=23 answers in %

14 Seite Focke Rock Petzinger Schnurr Social Media in Real Estate, ERES 2012 Edinburgh IV.Findings 14 What does the industry think about social media? >> Non-users: Will social media be used in the future?  Only 48% of participants consider using social media in the future  If future use seems possible, social media will be used for the purpose of: 1.Winning new customers (26%) 2.Increasing company publicity (23%) 3.Real estate letting (17%)

15 Seite Focke Rock Petzinger Schnurr Social Media in Real Estate, ERES 2012 Edinburgh IV. Findings 15 Validation of assumptions (I) 1.Firms in the real estate sector currently use social media services for purposes of recruiting and marketing only and do not intend to use them for other corporate activities in the future.  Assumption seems partly supported:  Social Media in use for Marketing  But not for Recruiting (Despite XING being the most frequently used Service)  Expansion of use areas not planned 2.Social media services are used more by firms with young employees than by firms with older employees.  Not supported! Median age group is the same for both users and non users (36-45 y)  Distribution of answers is more skewed to the elder age groups for users than for non users.

16 Seite Focke Rock Petzinger Schnurr Social Media in Real Estate, ERES 2012 Edinburgh IV.Findings 16 Validation of assumptions (II) 3.Social media services are used more by younger (more recently founded) companies than by older companies.  Not supported: Vintage years do not differ between the user group and the non-user group. 4.The greater the importance of private customers among the total customer base of a company, the greater the likelihood that it uses social media services.  No clear picture, rather not true.  Share of users among commercial developers relatively high  Share of users among residential landlords relatively low  Individual response: “Our private clients do not want to be displayed in social media.”

17 Seite Focke Rock Petzinger Schnurr Social Media in Real Estate, ERES 2012 Edinburgh V.Conclusion 17 Summing it all up…  Majority of responding firms already use social media services  Most of current non-users do not plan to become users in the future  For users, a “sound” social media strategy does not seem to be in place  Marketing on company-level is pre-dominant reason for social media use  Social media are rather used by established companies than by “start-ups”  Overall, social media benefits were hard to assess  Future research: Derive higher response rate for greater statistical significance


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