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Art Viewing and Aesthetic Development

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1 Art Viewing and Aesthetic Development
Martin Weingartner Electronic Commerce Group VSEM – The Virtual 3D Social Experience Museum Institute of Software Technology and Interactive Systems Vienna University of Technology Favoritenstrasse 9-11/ Vienna . Austria/Europe Tel: +43 (1)


3 Abigail Housen / Philip Yenawine
What is the nature of the aesthetic response? How can one best study or measure this response? Can studying the aesthetic response help us teach or develop it more effectively? Aesthetic Development Interview Aesthetic Stages Constructivist and developmental approach Housen, A. 1999: Eye of the Beholder: Research, Theory and Practice. Presented at the conference of “Aesthetic and Art Education: a Transdisciplinary Approach,” sponsored by the Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation, Service of Education September 27-29, 1999, Lisbon, Portugal. Housen, A Art Viewing and Aesthetic Development: Designing for the Viewer. in Pat Villenueve (eds). From Periphery to Center: Art Museum Education in the 21st Century. National Art Education Association (NAEA) (June 30, 2008) Yenawine, P Theory into Practice: The Visual Thinking Strategies . Presented at the conference of “Aesthetic and Art Education: a Transdisciplinary Approach,” sponsored by the Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation, Service of Education September 27-29, 1999, Lisbon, Portugal.

4 Stage I: Accountive Here it is orange, here it is black, here it is blue. Here this girl has some stripes. And there is something, some circle, some green. … I see…two women here… They…are looking at each other...looks like one of the women has a…misfortune

5 Stage II: Constructive
And they have five fingers, just like us. The hair on the first person is blond, and it is true, but there is no such thing as a purple face. The person has chosen, instead of using circles for the background, he used lots of diamonds. …perhaps, it’s a mirror…

6 Stage III: Classifying
I’m looking at, I guess it’s a reproduction of a painting that seems to be abstract. I think it’s by Picasso… it seems to have, the artist divides the painting into four, actually, you can also look at it in halves, and it seems to be two different views of a woman of a female form, it, it’s somewhat a mirror image but yet seems to be different poses, it shows internal and external…

7 Stage IV: Interpretive
…Well, it looks like a symbolic image of the self learning of the person, she seems to discover something, possibly frighten him there, because this image, it is a kind of unusual and incomprehensible… …different colors, represented on this picture—they are likely to represent different experiences of her. Well, the red color—is probably some aggressions, and blue is on the contrary some feeling of rest…

8 Stage V: Re-Creative …the first time that I saw this painting…whenever I first look at this, my eyes sort of go to the middle of the compositions for some strange reason… possibly because it’s the one where it’s the least clear about what’s going on…

9 Aesthetic Stages Aesthetic thinking is largely a stable trait, remaining the same over many years. Most adults interviewed seldom score above Stage II. The most important factor predicting level of aesthetic development appears to be the amount of time they have spent viewing and reflecting about art. Viewers at beginning Stages will misconstrue ideas that are commonly understood by more experienced viewers, and will unknowingly misstate ideas when asked to repeat them.

10 Visual Thinking Strategies
all students must have ample opportunity to point out what they see in the art they examine and express their opinions about it students must know that their thoughts are heard, understood, and valued students must provide evidence to explain their interpretive comments students must see that each comment contributes to the group process of mining the art for multiple meanings

11 Asking Questions What is going on in this picture?
What do you see that makes you say that? What more can we find?

12 Acknowledging Response
Point, and be physically expressive. Paraphrase each person's response. Let them talk. Don’t worry about repetition. Timing Class Size

13 Outlook Create a Prototype which use ideas VTS in a 3D Virtual Environment User Evaluation

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