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Parts of Speech Are you taking notes?. What are they? Noun Verb Adverb Adjective.

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Presentation on theme: "Parts of Speech Are you taking notes?. What are they? Noun Verb Adverb Adjective."— Presentation transcript:

1 Parts of Speech Are you taking notes?

2 What are they? Noun Verb Adverb Adjective

3 What is a noun? Nouns are words that name a person, a place, a thing, or an idea. –Person: aunt, ecologist, Rodrigo, father-in- law, child –Place: playground, city, living room, Arizona –Thing: moon, whale, chipmunk, Empire State Building –Idea: democracy, hope, respect, impatience

4 More on Nouns A concrete noun names an object that occupies space or can be recognized by any of the senses. –Salt, whisper, thunder, sand, scent, etc. An abstract noun names an idea, a quality or a characteristic. –Confusion, grief, patience, clarity, friendship, etc.

5 Singular and Plural Nouns A concrete noun names an object that occupies space or can be recognized by any of the senses. –Salt, whisper, thunder, sand, scent, etc. An abstract noun names an idea, a quality or a characteristic. –Confusion, grief, patience, clarity, friendship, etc.

6 Practice Write the plural form of each noun. Reason Person Glass Child Keyboard

7 Possessive Nouns The possessive form of a noun can show possession, ownership, or the general relationship between the two nouns. Susie’s calculator Morris’s strobe light The Wilson’s newspaper The boys’ headaches The women’s meeting The sheep’s noses

8 VERBS A verb is a word that expresses an action or a state of being and is necessary to make a statement. +The author summarized his story. The artist cleaned her brushes. The actor winked at the audience. This banner appears dusty.

9 VERBS Remember that the tense you use with your verb is very important. If you write your sentence in the present (right now) the verb has to be happening right now. PRESENT I am riding the red bicycle down the street. PAST I rode the red bicycle down the street yesterday.

10 More examples on Verb Tense using the verb smell Present Tense: I smell the roses. Past Tense: I smelled the roses. Future Tense: I will smell the roses.

11 Action Verbs An action verb tells what someone or something does. The chorus sang the new song. The chorus liked the new song. She spoke the words of the challenge. She spoke clearly.

12 Adjectives An adjective is a word that DESCRIBES a noun by limiting its meaning. Three dollars. (can use a number) Chinese teacup. Any person. Purple balloons. (can limit by color) Baby ducks.

13 ADJECTIVES can describe how something behaves or acts The boy sneakily put an extra cookie in his pocket. The dog is sneaky and playful. NUMBERS can also be adjectives She won $100 dollars in the lottery. Moby juggled three apples.

14 Now you try I am giving you the noun, you add an adjective to it…. Describe it any way you want Cat Girl Roller Coaster Classroom Turkey

15 Adjectives can describe how much Some Few All Most A lot Half Are all adjectives.

16 Underline all the adjectives in the following sentences. Example: The thunderstorm (n) broke (v) electric wires(adj), patio umbrellas(adj) and tablecloths (adj). 1. The apple pie is delicious. 2. Several large trees fell in the storm. 3. I seldom wear my dress shoes. 4. Fifty years is a short time in history.

17 Adverbs An adverb is a word that helps to describe more clearly the action of the verb. She ran quickly. She has often won. She is very talented and extremely diligent. She almost always runs quite fast.

18 What is the adverb and how does it add/modify to the verb Write each adverb and what it modifies. I am thoroughly disgusted. Seldom can I select a good watermelon. Please set the table properly. Dan is an unusually good driver. The air conditioner is barely working.

19 A lot of adjectives end in -ly Calmly Quietly Slowly Beautifully

20 Some adjectives describe when or where something will happen.. We had a picnic outside. Let’s have another picnic tomorrow. OTHER ADVERBS : TODAY HERE THERE ALWAYS SOMETIMES NEVER

21 Adverbs and adjectives help use to see things better in our mind when we read The veteran will visit the school on Wednesday for Veteran’s Day. The security guard removes the bad student from the classroom. The dog barked so loud all night, we slept through the alarm. /word/adjectivesandadverbs/ /word/adjectivesandadverbs/

22 EXTRA INFORMATION A verb is a word that shows an action Verbs tell us what happens A sentence needs a verb to show a complete thought or idea You need to change a verb to match the subject When you have a subject (noun) and it is single, you usually add an s to the verb. The boy rides the bus. When there is more than one subject/noun, you usually do not add an s to the verb. You add the plural to the noun/subject The boys ride the bus.

23 Examples Complete the sentence. Moby _____ the bus. A. see B. take C. rides D. catch

24 Which is the subject in this sentence? “The University basketball team lost the game today. A. Team B. Game C. Lost D. Today

25 Which word is a verb? A.Dogs B.White C.Run D.Ocean

26 Complete the sentence. “The students _________ to the library for class tonight. A. Walking B. Walks C. Walked D. walk

27 ADJECTIVES AND ADVERBS


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