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The 5 Themes of Geography Mrs. Isaacson 9 th Grade World History.

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Presentation on theme: "The 5 Themes of Geography Mrs. Isaacson 9 th Grade World History."— Presentation transcript:

1 The 5 Themes of Geography Mrs. Isaacson 9 th Grade World History

2 Warm up ► Why do you feel geography is important to study? 4-6 sentences ► TRY TO AVOID FORBIDDEN WORDS: YOU MAY USE I BECAUSE YOU ARE STATING YOUR OPINION ► Hours 1,3,4,6 Page 3 in notebooks ► Hours 2,7 Page 4 in notebooks

3 Why do We study Geography? ► To understand how:  Civilizations develop in certain areas.  Why and how different cultures interact.  How the physical world can cause good and bad relationships between cultures.

4 The 5 Themes of Geography ► 1. Location: Where is it? ► 2. Place: What is it like there? ► 3. Regions: What’s around there? ► 4. Movement: What moves there? ► 5. Human-Environmental Interactions: What do people do there?

5 Location (Where is it, Where am I?) ► Location is measured in 2 Ways: ► Absolute: THAT”S WHERE IT IS, NO QUESTION! ► Relative: Where am I in relation to……

6 Absolute Location ► Very specific, uses degrees through  Latitude: Equator, North Pole, South Pole.  Longitude: Prime Meridian

7 Fun Fact: St. Louis Absolute Location 38° 45’ N Latitude 90° 23’ W Longitude Fun Fact: St. Louis Absolute Location 38° 45’ N Latitude 90° 23’ W Longitude

8 Relative Location: It’s All Relative…. ► Where a place is in Relation to…… ► What is nearby? ► What can be used as a marker to show relative location?

9 Where is St. Louis in Relation to…. ► The Arch?? ► Illinois? ► Canada? ► The Mississippi? ► The World Series? ► The World Series?

10 Theme #2: Place ► What is it like there? ► What makes it stand out as a location in the world? ► Every place has Human and Physical Characteristics. These help define its place in the world.

11 What do you think of?? ► What do you imagine when you think of….. ► France? ► China? ► Egypt? ► Florida? ► Iraq? ► Las Vegas?

12 Theme #3: Regions ► What is around this place? ► What areas make up the St. Louis region? Having things in common make several places a region. Regions can be mapped out and traced.

13 Types of Regions ► Formal regions: Figured out by governments for reasons like taxes or economics. ► Functional regions: Perform a certain kind of job or task. Example: The Farming region. ► Vernacular: (This means everyday, common language). This is based on how people view the world, like the Middle East or Deep South.

14 Examples of Regions: Political Regions

15 Map of Economic Regions

16 Theme #4: Movement ► This is how people, goods and culture move within and between regions. ► Cultures become Interdependent (Depending on one another). ► Movement leads to the idea of CULTURAL DIFFUSION: The spreading of ideas and influence from one culture to another.

17 Theme #5: Human/ Environment Interaction Humans affect their environment and the environment affects humans. How does the environment affect where people live? What would be your number 1 location? Why?

18 Which Theme are These Song Lyrics Covering ► Oh, give me a home, where the buffalo roam, Where the deer and the antelope play, Where seldom is heard a discouraging word, And the skies are not cloudy all day. Home, home on the range, Where the deer and the antelope play, Where seldom is heard a discouraging word, And the skies are not cloudy all day. Where the air is so pure, the zephyrs so free, The breezes so balmy and light, That I would not exchange my home on the range For all the cities so bright. Oh, give me a land where the bright diamond sand Flows leisurely down the stream; Where the graceful white swan goes gliding along Like a maid in a heavenly dream.


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