Presentation on theme: "PRILOZI (ADVERBS). Definicija Prilozi su reči ili grupe reči koje odre đ uju glagole, prideve i priloge. Mogu se odnositi na predloge ili cele rečenice."— Presentation transcript:
Definicija Prilozi su reči ili grupe reči koje odre đ uju glagole, prideve i priloge. Mogu se odnositi na predloge ili cele rečenice. She did it quickly. He’s a well-known writer. He writes extremely well. Luckily, they couldn’t see us.
Podela Prosti: here, there, then, when, now, where, why, far Složeni: sometimes, whenever, elsewhere Izvedeni: softly, brightly, clearly Grupe reči: every now and then, on and off
Mnogi prilozi nastaju od prideva dodavanjem nastavka –ly: Beautifulbeautifully Nicenicely Wrongwrongly Sinceresincerely Certaincertainly Completecompletely
Mnoge fraze sa predlozima koriste se kao prilozi: In the morning At present In the future At least At most By all means
Pridevi + imenice tako đ e mogu da se upotrebe kao prilozi: The project will take three years. He walked five kilometres. Come next week. I saw her last Sunday. Are you going home? They drove full speed.
Prema značenju, prilozi se mogu podeliti na priloge za: Mesto (adverbs of place) Vreme (of time) Način (of manner) Količinu, broj ili stepen (of amount, number and degree) Uzrok i posledicu (of cause and result) Potvr đ ivanje i odricanje (of affirming and denying) Isticanje (of intensifying)
a) Prilozi za mesto: here, there, over, above, around, under, inside, outside, where Bring all the chairs here. There’ s a nice beach there. They are waiting outside. Where are my shoes?
b) Prilozi za vreme: now, then, yesterday, today, tomorrow, soon, before, sometimes, after, afterwards, ever, never I’m leaving now. What were you doing yesterday? They will soon be here. Have you ever been to China?
c) Prilozi za način su najbrojniji: well, fast, hard, slowly, kindly, carefully He drove carefully. They were walking slowly. She speaks English well. The clothes were folded neatly on the chair. They were arguing loudly.
d) Prilozi za količinu, broj i stepen: much, little, once, twice, as, only, very, nearly, about, almost, fairly, so We went there only once. Does the noise bother you much? I am a little tired. This book costs about two pounds. She almost missed the bus.
e) Prilozi za uzrok i posledicu: why, therefore, hence, consequently, so, thus Why can’t you come? You’re ill, therefore you must stay at home. Nobody answered my call, so I sent a text message. f) Prilozi za potvr đ ivanje i odricanje: yes, certainly, by all means; no, not, not at all Are you coming with us? –I certainly am. May I use your computer? –By all means. Do you mind if I open the window? –Not at all.
g) Prilozi za isticanje: just, only, merely, solely, even, at least, at most, exactly, particularly We just don’t know what to do. They are at least willing to help. This is exactly what I want. He is particularly interested in art.
Upitne reči kao where, when, why, how, how often, how far, how long tako đ e su prilozi: Where did you leave your car? How far is it to the nearest petrol station? How long will you stay here? When will you arrive?
Pore đ enje priloga Izvesni prilozi mogu se porediti. Jednosložni prilozi porede se dodavanjem nastavaka –er i –est: Pozitivkomparativsuperlativ Fastfasterfastest High higherhighest Longlongerlongest Nearnearernearest
Dvosložni predlozi: a) early – earlier – earliest b) more – most / less – least Clearly more clearlymost clearly Seldom more seldommost seldom Openly less openlyleast openly c) Pore đ enje po jednakosti: as...as He writes as clearly as he speaks.