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제 19 장 (1) 현재분사 : 능동적, 진행 의미 (2) 과거분사 : 수동 의미 ◈ 분사 => 동사 + ( 형용사 ) 의 성질을 가짐 ( 현재분사 ): be + ~ing => 진행형 ( 과거분사 ): be + p.p. => 수동형 have + p.p. => 완료형.

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Presentation on theme: "제 19 장 (1) 현재분사 : 능동적, 진행 의미 (2) 과거분사 : 수동 의미 ◈ 분사 => 동사 + ( 형용사 ) 의 성질을 가짐 ( 현재분사 ): be + ~ing => 진행형 ( 과거분사 ): be + p.p. => 수동형 have + p.p. => 완료형."— Presentation transcript:

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3 (1) 현재분사 : 능동적, 진행 의미 (2) 과거분사 : 수동 의미 ◈ 분사 => 동사 + ( 형용사 ) 의 성질을 가짐 ( 현재분사 ): be + ~ing => 진행형 ( 과거분사 ): be + p.p. => 수동형 have + p.p. => 완료형 A) 한정적 용법 The barking dog does not bite. ( 능동 의미 ) Look at the boy running along the street. ( 진행 의미 ) Look at that broken window. He has many books written in English. He was swimming in the river. The work must be done by him. I have been sick since last Sunday.

4 (1) 주격보어 (2) 목적격 보어 B) 서술적 용법 The student came running. He sat surrounded by the children. I was excited.( 人주어 ) ※ It was exciting. ( 物주어 ) I saw him crossing the bridge. He heard his name called. ※ have (= get ) +O+P.P : ①사역 :~ 시키다 ②수동 :~ 당하다 ① I will have (=get) my hair cut today. ② I had my purse stolen. I had the car washed by Tom. ※ have+O( 物 )+P.P =>I had the car. ※ have+ 人 + 원형 I got my dress. ※ get+ 人 + to 부정사 =>I got my dress made by the tailor. ※ get+O( 物 )+P.P interested, bored, surprised interesting,boring,surprising Tom wash the tailor to make

5 ◈ 분사구문 ( 分詞句文 ): { 방법 } 1. 종속절 ( 부사절 ) 접속사 없앤다. 2. 종속절 주어가 주절 주어와 같을 때 생략 3. 종속절 동사를 분사형으로 고침 A) 시간, 때 ( when, as, while, after…) When he saw his dog, he said, “ Go home.” => While I was walking along the street, I met Tom. => Seeing his dog, he said, “ Go home.” Walking along the street, I met Tom. B) 원인, 이유 ( because, as, since…) As she is kind, she is loved by everybody. => Since I live in the country, I have few visitors. => Being kind, she is loved by everybody. Living in the country, I have few visitors. 부사절을 분사 이용 부사구로

6 C) 조건 (if) If you turn to the left, you will find the hospital. => D) 양보 (though) Though I live next door, I seldom see him. => Turning to the left, you will find the hospital. Living next door, I seldom see him. E) 부대상황 : (1) 동시동작 : as, while => ~ 하면서 (2) 동작의 연속 : and + 동사 As she was listening to music, she was reading a book. => While she smiled brightly, she extended her hand. => (1) 동시동작 : as, while => ~ 하면서 Listening to music, she was reading a book. Reading a book, she was listening to music. Smiling brightly, she extended her hand.

7 As we sang and danced together, we had a good time. => (2) 동작의 연속 : and + 동사 I started at nine, and arrived there at night. => I started at nine, He picked up a stone, and threw it at a dog. => He picked up a stone, ☞ 분사구문 의미 파악 => 접속사 를 사용한 의미 파악 He often makes mistakes (when) speaking English. ☞ 기타 부대상황 표현 … She sat there with her eyes closed. He worked with his new clothes on. Singing and dancing together, we had a good time. We had a good time singing and dancing together. arriving there at night. throwing it at a dog.

8 ◈ { 분사구문 부정 } : not(=never) + 분사 As I do not know his address, I cannot write to him. => As I did not receive any answer, I wrote to him again. => Not knowing his address, I cannot write to him. Not receiving any answer, I wrote to him again. ◈ { 수동태 분사구문 } As he was surprised at the news, he could say nothing. => Being surprised at the news, he could say nothing. Surprised at the news, he could say nothing. ◈ { 완료형 분사구문 } After he had finished the work, he went to bed. => As I have done my homework, I can play now. => Having finished the work, he went to bed. Having done my homework, I can play now.

9 ◈ { 독립분사구문 }: ( If we speak generally, the earth is round.) => Generally speaking, the earth is round. ※ 일반적 으로 말하면 Considering his age, he looks young. ※ ~ 을 고려하면,~ 에 비하면 => If we consider his age, he looks young. As it was fine, we went out for a walk. => When school was over, I went to the game room. => It being fine, we went out for a walk. School being over, I went to the game room. ◈ { 무인칭 독립분사 구문 } : 주어가 막연한 사람 주어 다를 때 분사 앞에 주어 표시

10 ※ generally speaking :( 일반적으로 말하면 ) strictly speaking :( 엄밀히 말하면 ) frankly speaking :( 솔직히 말하면 ) honestly speaking :( 정직하게 말하면 ) truthfully speaking :( 사실적으로 말하면 ) subjectively speaking :( 주관적으로 말하면 ) roughly speaking :( 대충 말하면 ) objectively speaking :( 객관적으로 말하면 ) ※ talking of :~ 로 말하면 ※ judging from : ~ 로 판단하면


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