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SOUTHERN AND EASTERN ASIA Geographic Understandings.

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Presentation on theme: "SOUTHERN AND EASTERN ASIA Geographic Understandings."— Presentation transcript:

1 SOUTHERN AND EASTERN ASIA Geographic Understandings

2 SS7G9 – The student will locate selected features in Southern and Eastern Asia.

3 Asia Physical Map – Locate the following features on your map of Asia. Use the map located on pg in your textbook. Ganges River Huang He (Yellow River) Indus River Mekong River Yangtze River (Chang Jiang) Bay of Bengal Indian Ocean Sea of Japan South China Sea Yellow Sea SS7G9 – The student will locate selected features in Southern and Eastern Asia. Gobi Desert Taklimakan Desert Himalayan Mountains Korean Peninsula China India Indonesia Japan North Korea South Korea Vietnam

4 SS7G10 – a. Describe the causes and effects of pollution on the Yangtze and Ganges Rivers. Ganges River – Begins high in Himalaya’s – Very important to India but has become polluted – Fertilizer, industry, human and animal waste, dead animals, cremated human beings, and bathing in the river have polluted the water – Water-born diseases, cholera, dysentery, typhoid, and hepatitis, most common

5 Yangtze River – China’s longest river – Polluted by sewage, chemicals from agricultural runoff, industrial wastes – Many plants and animals disappearing – Chemicals lead to algae growth – Contaminated fish are caught and eaten by people SS7G10 – a. Describe the causes and effects of pollution on the Yangtze and Ganges Rivers.

6 SS7G10 – b. Describe the causes and effects of air pollution and flooding in India and China. Air Pollution in India – Cause: Rapid population and city growth Automobile emissions (70% of air pollution) Cooking with wood, animal dung, or coal as fuel – Effect: Respiratory disease: diseases of lungs, bronchial tubes, and trachea Brown clouds: haze of pollution which reduces rainfall and temperatures

7 Air Pollution in China – Cause Tremendous growth Burning coal for energy Automobile emissions – Effect Leading cause of death is respiratory disease Acid rain SS7G10 – b. Describe the causes and effects of air pollution and flooding in India and China.

8 SS7G11 – a. Describe the impact climate and location has on population distribution in Southern and Eastern Asia. Climates vary depending on oceans, mountains, deserts, latitude, and wind patterns

9 India – Snow and ice in northern mountains – Hot dry plains in central plateaus – Steamy tropical along southern coast – Monsoon season Hot dry air in winter Heavy rains in spring and summer SS7G11 – a. Describe the impact climate and location has on population distribution in Southern and Eastern Asia.

10 China – Southern mountains keep moisture from Indian Ocean – Gobi and Taklimakan deserts in center harsh and dry – Mongolia to the north is semi-arid – East and south are humid and tropical SS7G11 – a. Describe the impact climate and location has on population distribution in Southern and Eastern Asia.

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12 Japan – Climate affected by ocean currents – Warmer water in the southern and eastern coasts – Cooler water in the north – Longer growing season in south – North rely on fishing SS7G11 – a. Describe the impact climate and location has on population distribution in Southern and Eastern Asia.

13 North Korea – Shorts summers and long, cold winters – Mountainous and not heavily populated SS7G11 – a. Describe the impact climate and location has on population distribution in Southern and Eastern Asia.

14 South Korea – Fewer mountains and milder climate – Farming is widely practiced SS7G11 – a. Describe the impact climate and location has on population distribution in Southern and Eastern Asia.

15 Vietnam – Warmer and tropical – Rich farmlands where 90% of world’s rice is grown SS7G11 – a. Describe the impact climate and location has on population distribution in Southern and Eastern Asia.

16 SS7G11 – b. Describe how the mountain, desert, and water features of Southern and Eastern Asia have affected the population in terms of where people live, the types of work they do, and how they travel. India – Hindu Kush, Himalayas, and Karakoram mountains separate India from rest of Asia – Made mostly of broad plain between Indus and Ganges River Most people live in the river valleys due to fertile soil – Water provides transportation, trade routes, irrigation, and drinking

17 China – Large country with variety of climates – Gobi and Taklimakan deserts Few people live in these deserts – Moderate north and west make farming possible – Northeast along Huang He River is most populated China’s industrial center SS7G11 – b. Describe how the mountain, desert, and water features of Southern and Eastern Asia have affected the population in terms of where people live, the types of work they do, and how they travel.

18 North Korea – Mountains don’t allow farming – Mining of coal, iron and copper – Most live along western half where mountains slope less and allow for farming SS7G11 – b. Describe how the mountain, desert, and water features of Southern and Eastern Asia have affected the population in terms of where people live, the types of work they do, and how they travel.

19 South Korea – Less mountainous than north – Excellent farmland SS7G11 – b. Describe how the mountain, desert, and water features of Southern and Eastern Asia have affected the population in terms of where people live, the types of work they do, and how they travel.

20 Japan – 80% covered with mountains – Created terraces to farm along mountains – More earthquakes every year than any other place – Little food so imports and fishing are sources of food SS7G11 – b. Describe how the mountain, desert, and water features of Southern and Eastern Asia have affected the population in terms of where people live, the types of work they do, and how they travel.

21 SS7G12 – a. Explain the differences between an ethnic group and a religious group. Ethnic group: group of people who share cultural ideas and beliefs that have been part of their community for generations Religious group: shares a belief system in a god or gods, with a specific set of rituals and literature

22 1.Which describes and ethnic group? a)People that like to grow food b)People that like to read books c)People who share the same religious beliefs d)People with a shared language, religion, or culture SS7G12 – a. Explain the differences between an ethnic group and a religious group.

23 1.Which describes a religious group? a)People that like to grow food b)People that like to read books c)People who share the same religious beliefs d)People with a shared language, religion, or culture SS7G12 – a. Explain the differences between an ethnic group and a religious group.

24 SS7G12 – b. Compare and contrast the prominent religions in Southern and Eastern Asia: Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam, Shintoism, and the philosophy of Confucianism.

25 Hinduism – Developed in India – Vedas, of The Books of Knowledge led to Hinduism – Polytheistic religion – All Hindu gods are subject to supreme spirit Brahman – All living things have souls – Cow held sacred – Believe in reincarnation – Karma determines fate – Caste system does not change throughout life SS7G12 – b. Compare and contrast the prominent religions in Southern and Eastern Asia: Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam, Shintoism, and the philosophy of Confucianism.

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27 Buddhism – Founded in India by Siddhartha Gautama – Troubled by poverty and suffering he left his family and became a monk – He was called “Buddha” or “Enlightened One” SS7G12 – b. Compare and contrast the prominent religions in Southern and Eastern Asia: Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam, Shintoism, and the philosophy of Confucianism.

28 Four Noble Truths Life always brought pain Suffering caused by greed Giving up greed could end suffering Follow the Middle Way leads to Nirvana SS7G12 – b. Compare and contrast the prominent religions in Southern and Eastern Asia: Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam, Shintoism, and the philosophy of Confucianism.

29 Islam – Began with teachings of Muhammad in Arabian Peninsula – Muslims practice Five Pillars of Islam SS7G12 – b. Compare and contrast the prominent religions in Southern and Eastern Asia: Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam, Shintoism, and the philosophy of Confucianism.

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31 Shinto – Shintoism means “way of the gods” – Centers on reverence for kami – Kami: divine spirits that live in nature – Prayers and rituals are performed to honor kami SS7G12 – b. Compare and contrast the prominent religions in Southern and Eastern Asia: Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam, Shintoism, and the philosophy of Confucianism.

32 Confucianism – Confucius was one of the most important scholars in Chinese history – Believed key to peace and social order was to behave with good character and virtue – Golden Rule of Behavior: What you do not like when done unto yourself, do not unto others. SS7G12 – b. Compare and contrast the prominent religions in Southern and Eastern Asia: Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam, Shintoism, and the philosophy of Confucianism.

33 SS7G12 – c. Evaluate how the literacy rate affects the standard of living. Literacy: ability to read and write Lack of education leads to lack of engineers, doctors, scientists, business managers, or even decent jobs Low literacy lowers GDP


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