Presentation on theme: "The relative size of the Universe. 1.60931 DISTANCEkmmilesLY (Light years)AU (Astronomical Units)Age of the Universe since Time began 'C' ="— Presentation transcript:
The relative size of the Universe
DISTANCEkmmilesLY (Light years)AU (Astronomical Units)Age of the Universe since Time began 'C' = Speed of light / Second299,793186, ,750,000,000years 1 light minute17,987,60611,176, d/yr 1 AU = dist xm Earth to Sun149,597,87092,955, ,752,687,500,000days 1 light hour1,079,256,342670,618, Expansion factor 1 light year9,460,718,913,1515,878,618,190,487163,241 1,000,000,000,0001E+12 1 parsec1,951,415,186,621,110,0001,212,553,181,060,800,000206,265 Biblical Time Age of the Universe days IF EARTH WERE THE SIZE OF A: Tennis BallGolf BallUS DimeBBPin HeadGrain sand/saltDiameterkmmilesLY Earth - equator12,7567,926 inches Earth - poles12,7147, Sun1,392,000865,000 feet From the Sun to the centre of the Milky Way is approximately 1.7 × 109 AU Solar System11,818,231,7517,343,508, miles From the Sun to Pluto ≈ 39.5 ± 9.8 AU ≈ 5 1/2 light-hours ≈ yards 3,004,558,0451,969,817,567826,737,123205,189,33069,295,36823,098,456Milky Way952,336,146,858,894,000587,861,819,048,700,000100,000 miles 1.E+186.E+17 On average the Milky Way is about 1,000 light-years thick. The Milky Way galaxy is estimated to contain at least 200 billion stars and possibly up to 400 billion stars. The Milky Way rotates about once every million years. Universe - diameter: billion light years acrossUniverse - age: billion years Astronomers estimate the average galaxy contains 100 billion stars each and that there are over 100 billion galaxies in the known Universe. 1 quintillion stars (10^18) 1,000,000,000,000,000,000 stars When using 'light years' to describe the universe, time and distance are not equivalent. Space has been expanding and the objects in space have thus been moving away from each other - like raisins in a rising lump of bread dough since they were created. If you send a photon, after 12 billion years, the photon will be 12 billion light-years away from you in a static space. However, if the space between you and the photon is also expanding at some unknown speed, after 12 billion years the photon will be farther - much farther - away from you than 12 billion light-years is the 'expansion factor'. Check on the relative speed of light - particle/wave !!! The universe has been expanding for billion years based on how science measures its age. The total diameter of the universe, as a result of the additive distance due to expansion is estimated to be between about 44-??? billion light years across. These are the currently accepted limits of the 'known' universe. But frankly, what we don't know about the 'known' universe would fill, well, a universe... 10^6 1,000,000million10^18 1,000,000,000,000,000,000quintillion 10^9 1,000,000,000billion10^21 1,000,000,000,000,000,000,000sextillion 10^12 1,000,000,000,000trillion10^24 1,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000septillion 10^15 1,000,000,000,000,000quadrillion10^27 1,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000octillion
Process: Make, Establish (set up), Stretch … Replenish Isaiah 42:5 Thus saith God the Lord, he that created the heavens, and stretched them out; he that spread forth the earth, and that which cometh out of it; he that giveth breath unto the people upon it, and spirit to them that walk therein: Jeremiah 10:12 He hath made the earth by his power, he hath established the world by his wisdom, and hath stretched out the heavens by his discretion. Jeremiah 51:15 He hath made the earth by his power, he hath established the world by his wisdom, and hath stretched out the heaven by his understanding. Isaiah 45:12 I have made the earth, and created man upon it: I, even my hands, have stretched out the heavens, and all their host have I commanded. Genesis 1:28 And God blessed them, and God said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it: and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moveth upon the earth. Genesis 9:1 And God blessed Noah and his sons, and said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth.