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History and Religions of the Middle East Early Civilizations, Centuries of Turmoil, and Islam, Judaism, Christianity.

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Presentation on theme: "History and Religions of the Middle East Early Civilizations, Centuries of Turmoil, and Islam, Judaism, Christianity."— Presentation transcript:

1 History and Religions of the Middle East Early Civilizations, Centuries of Turmoil, and Islam, Judaism, Christianity

2 Agenda Check HwkCheck Hwk Finish Map Identifications (15 Min)Finish Map Identifications (15 Min) Homework: Read pages , answer 4, 5, and 7.Homework: Read pages , answer 4, 5, and 7. Web QuestsWeb Quests Centuries of TurmoilCenturies of Turmoil Religions of the Middle EastReligions of the Middle East Objective: To analyze the impact of early civilizations, centuries of turmoil, and religions of the Middle East.Objective: To analyze the impact of early civilizations, centuries of turmoil, and religions of the Middle East.

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4 Foreign Invaders The MongolsThe Mongols Genghis Khan’s decedents invaded and devastated the Middle East.Genghis Khan’s decedents invaded and devastated the Middle East. Baghdad was destroyed and the Caliph was killed.Baghdad was destroyed and the Caliph was killed. Did promote trade and blended with M.E. CultureDid promote trade and blended with M.E. Culture

5 The Crusades Pope Urban II called for a “Holy War” against the Muslims.Pope Urban II called for a “Holy War” against the Muslims. Goal was to recapture the land of Christ.Goal was to recapture the land of Christ. Captured Jerusalem but was unable to hold on to it.Captured Jerusalem but was unable to hold on to it. Europeans lacked modern technology of the Middle East.Europeans lacked modern technology of the Middle East. Lasting impactLasting impact –Muslims mistrusted Westerners –Europe wanted new Technology

6 Saladin Defeated the Crusaders and reconquered Jerusalem.Defeated the Crusaders and reconquered Jerusalem. Drove crusaders to only coastal forts.Drove crusaders to only coastal forts. “People of the Book”-Crusaders were treated well.“People of the Book”-Crusaders were treated well.

7 Ottoman Empire Large Empire: North Africa, Iraq, and Turkey.Large Empire: North Africa, Iraq, and Turkey. Suleiman I: Sultan and “Lawgiver”Suleiman I: Sultan and “Lawgiver” Lasted 500 yearsLasted 500 years “Men of the Pen” and “Men of the sword”“Men of the Pen” and “Men of the sword” MilletsMillets

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9 Judaism Created by: Charlie Jennifer A.J.

10 Requirements The Ten Commandments 1. And God spake all these words, saying 2. I am the Lord thy God, which have brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage. 3. Thou shalt have no other gods before me. 4. Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth: 5. Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them: for I the Lord thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me; 6. And shewing mercy unto thousands of them that love me, and keep my commandments. 7. Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain: for the Lord will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vain. 8. Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy. 9. Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work:

11 The Ten Commandments (2) 10. But the seventh day is the sabbath of the Lord thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates: 11. For in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the Lord blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it. 12. Honour thy father and thy mother: that thy days may be long upon the land which the Lord thy God giveth thee. 13. Thou shalt not kill. 14. Thou shalt not commit adultery. 15. Thou shall not steal. 16. Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbour. 17. Thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's house, thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's wife, nor his manservant, nor his maidservant, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor any thing that is thy neighbour's.

12 History of Judaism Descended from from a Semitic group to which belonged the Babylonians, Assyrians, & Phoenicians. Begins during the Bronze Age The Old Jewish Kingdom fell apart around 920 BCE – First Jews arrived in America

13 Beliefs & Practices The messiah will come The dead will be resurrected on the day of judgment Death is not a tragedy. It is a process of life. Law was laid down by Moses

14 Review What was the greatest contribution of the Romans and why?What was the greatest contribution of the Romans and why? What was the greatest contribution of Hellenistic Greeks to the Middle East and why?What was the greatest contribution of Hellenistic Greeks to the Middle East and why? How did the Crusades influence the Middle East?How did the Crusades influence the Middle East? Who was Suleiman?Who was Suleiman? Out of all the civilizations, which one had the greatest influence through their achievements on the Middle East and why?Out of all the civilizations, which one had the greatest influence through their achievements on the Middle East and why? What were the three main religions of the Middle East?What were the three main religions of the Middle East?

15 Homework Pg. 579, 4, 5, and 7 4-List three groups of outsider that invaded the Middle East and describe one change they brought?4-List three groups of outsider that invaded the Middle East and describe one change they brought? Seljuks: weakened the Byzantine Empire.Seljuks: weakened the Byzantine Empire. Mongols: Strengthened trade with the middle East and Asia.Mongols: Strengthened trade with the middle East and Asia. Europeans: crusaders took many lands away from the Muslim rulers.Europeans: crusaders took many lands away from the Muslim rulers.

16 5-Describe how the ottomans treated the diverse groups who made up their empire...5-Describe how the ottomans treated the diverse groups who made up their empire... They allowed conquer provinces to rule themselves as long as loyal to the sultan.They allowed conquer provinces to rule themselves as long as loyal to the sultan. 7-How do you think centuries of invasion by outsiders contributed to cultural diffusion in the Middle East?7-How do you think centuries of invasion by outsiders contributed to cultural diffusion in the Middle East? Alexander brought Greek Culture, Europeans helped promote Christianity, Seljuks promoted IslamAlexander brought Greek Culture, Europeans helped promote Christianity, Seljuks promoted Islam


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