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The History of Humanity 1 2 “Archeology is the search for fact, not truth. If it’s truth you’re looking for, take philosophy.” Indiana Jones 3.

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Presentation on theme: "The History of Humanity 1 2 “Archeology is the search for fact, not truth. If it’s truth you’re looking for, take philosophy.” Indiana Jones 3."— Presentation transcript:

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2 The History of Humanity 1

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4 “Archeology is the search for fact, not truth. If it’s truth you’re looking for, take philosophy.” Indiana Jones 3

5 The Rosetta Stone: Found 1799 in el-Rashid (Rosetta), Egypt. The Dead Sea Scrolls: Discovered 1947 in Qumran, West Bank, Israel. The Palace at Knossos: Discovered 1878 in Heraklion, Crete. City of Akrotiri: Discovered 1966 in Thira, Santorini. 4

6 Discovered by French soldiers digging near a fort in el-Rashid Egypt. One story inscribed in three separate languages. 5

7 The first inscribed language was hieroglyphic, used only by Egyptian priests. 6

8 The second language was Demotic, used by Egyptian peasantry. 7

9 The third inscribed language was Greek. 8

10 Deciphered by Jean- François Champollion in First time since approximately 1000 B.C.E anyone had read Hieroglyphs. Led to major discoveries in the field of Egyptology. 9

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12 Discovered by Bedouins in the Qumran caves along the west bank of the Dead Sea. Excavated a group of 11 caves between 1947 – Group of 972 texts that were found in fragments and whole scrolls. 11

13 Written mostly in Hebrew, they are a group of Old Testament Biblical texts. Helped prove validity of some Biblical texts. Provided insight into early Judaism. 12

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15 Main excavation started in 1900 by Sir. Arthur Evans. Located on the Greek island of Crete. Built around 3500 B.C.E Home to the Minoan Civilization. 14

16 Only multi-story palace of its time. Contained 1,300 rooms. Destroyed by volcanic eruption and tidal waves around 2500 B.C.E. Recent theories believe it to be the heart of the “Lost City of Atlantis”. 15

17 Located on the Greek island of Santorini, just NE of Crete. Built between 4000 – 3500 B.C.E. Only city with multi- level housing of its time. Home to the Minoan civilization. 16

18 Discovered in 1967 by Professor Spiros Marinatos Was buried under 30 feet of volcanic ash. Destroyed around 2500 B.C.E. in same volcanic eruption that destroyed Knossos. Recent theories believe it to be an outlying city of “Lost City of Atlantis.” 17

19 Archeology provides us with a vision into the past and describes to us what all of our ancestors lives were like. We receive a snapshot of the time periods that have defined culture and society today. History, through archeology, defines who WE are! As Thomas Jefferson once said, “History, by appraising the students of the past, will enable them to judge of the future.” 18

20 The Rosetta Stone: The Dead Sea Scrolls: The Palace of Knossos: “Lost Worlds: Atlantis by The History Channelwww.ancient-greece.org The City of Akrotiri: “Lost Worlds: Atlantis” by The History Channelwww.travel-to-santorini.com 19


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