Presentation on theme: "Homeland Integration: Missions and Authorities Norm Cotton Homeland Integration Working Group Governance Innovation for Security and Development."— Presentation transcript:
Homeland Integration: Missions and Authorities Norm Cotton Homeland Integration Working Group Governance Innovation for Security and Development
Protecting the Homeland By law, DOD is responsible for two missions in the homeland: Homeland Defense (HD) and Defense Support of Civil Authorities (DSCA), (JP 3-27 Homeland Defense) Defense Support of Civil Authorities (DSCA) is support provided by US federal military forces, DOD civilians, DOD contract personnel, DOD component assets, and National Guard (NG) forces in response to request for assistance from civil authorities for domestic emergencies, Law Enforcement (LE) support, and other domestic activities, or from qualifying entities for special events. (JP 3-27)
Stakeholders USD(P) ASD (HD&ASA) Joint Staff (DOMS) Military Departments USPACOM USNORTHCOM NGB Council of Governors * DHS FEMA** DOJ * Mechanism for governors and key officials to address HD/DSCA matters (POTUS appoints). Funding Command & Control Political ** Stafford Act authorizes the president to declare a "major disaster" or "emergency,”, providing access to disaster relief assistance and funds as appropriated by Congress. The president may declare an emergency without a governors request if the emergency involves an area of "federal primary responsibility" (FEMA coordinates)
DSCA Missions Counter-narcotics Law Enforcement Consequence Management Disease Eradication Disaster Relief Mass Migration Critical Infrastructure Protection Response to Terrorist Attack Under what authorities can Army CA forces support these missions?
Use of Army Reserve vs. Active Duty CA Personnel to Support DSCA Use of Army Reserve (10 USC 12304a) When requested by a Governor during a Presidentially declared emergency or a major disaster, SECDEF may call-up for up AR forces for up to 120 days Emergency…“to save lives and to protect property and public health and safety” Major Disasters…”hurricane, tornado, storm, high water, wind driven water, tidal wave, tsunami, earthquake, volcanic eruption, landslide, mudslide, snowstorm, or drought, or, regardless of cause, any fire, flood, or explosion in the U.S.” “Mass Migration” is probably NOT a DSCA mission covered by this authority? Active or USAR Volunteer (10 USC 12304d) All Eight DSCA missions (including Mass Migration Use of Army Reserve (10 USC 12304b) When selected by the Service Secretary to support preplanned missions of the Combatant Commands (i.e. US NORTHCOM and USPACOM), limited to 365 days Manpower and costs of such active duty must be specifically included and identified in the defense budget materials for the fiscal year which such units are anticipated to be activated No more than 60K pax at any given time Possible “preplanned” DSCA missions: Counter-narcotics and Mass Migration
Proposed Action Plan Cross walk CA Mission Essential Tasks List (METL) with the eight specified DSCA missions (DODD ) Focus areas for 38G/IMSG support for: Mass Migration Disaster Relief Collaborate with USNORTHCOM and USPACOM to identify opportunities for proof of concept (38G support to DSCA using 12304b) Foreign Disaster Assistance Planning Disaster Mitigation Assessments