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1 PAIMI Program at The Legal Center Contact information: 455 Sherman Street, Suite 130 Denver, CO 80203-4403 303-722-0300 303-722-3619 TTY 303-722-0720.

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Presentation on theme: "1 PAIMI Program at The Legal Center Contact information: 455 Sherman Street, Suite 130 Denver, CO 80203-4403 303-722-0300 303-722-3619 TTY 303-722-0720."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 PAIMI Program at The Legal Center Contact information: 455 Sherman Street, Suite 130 Denver, CO TTY FAX Toll Free

2 2 PAITBICAPPAVA PAAT PAIMI The Legal Center for People with Disabilities and Older People PAIR Older Americans Program PABSS PADD Protection and Advocacy for Individuals with Traumatic Brain Injury Protection and Advocacy for Assistive Technology Protection and Advocacy for Individuals with Mental Illness Client Assistance Program Protection and Advocacy for Individual Rights *Housing and Employment Rights *HIV Legal Rights Network *Long Term Care Ombudsman Program *Legal Assistance Developer Program Protection and Advocacy for Voting Access Protection and Advocacy for Beneficiaries of Social Security Protection and Advocacy for Developmental Disabilities *Special Education Program *Adult DD Program

3 3 The Legal Center’s Mission To protect and promote the rights of people with disabilities through direct legal representation, advocacy, education and legislative analysis.

4 4 PAIMI History The federal government enacted The Protection and Advocacy for Individuals with Mental Illness Act (PAIMI) in U.S.C , et seq.; 42 C.F.R. Part 51, et seq. In order for states to receive federal mental health block grant monies, states must have a protection and advocacy system.

5 5 Congressional Findings Congress finds that - individuals with mental illness are vulnerable to abuse and serious injury, and Individuals with mental illness are subject to neglect, including lack of treatment, adequate nutrition, clothing, health care, and adequate discharge planning. 42 U.S.C (a)

6 6 Congressional Purpose The purposes of this Act are: 1) To ensure that the rights of individuals with mental illness are protected; and 2)To assist states to establish and operate a protection and advocacy system for individuals with mental illness which will: A) protect and advance the rights of such individuals through activities to ensure the enforcement of the Constitution and Federal and State statutes; and B) investigate incidents of abuse and neglect of individuals with mental illness if the incidents are reported to the system or if there is probable cause to believe that the incidents occurred. 42 U.S.C (b)

7 7 Abuse Abuse means “any act or failure to act by an employee of a facility rendering care or treatment which was performed, or which was failed to be performed, knowingly, recklessly, or intentionally, and which caused, or may have caused, injury or death to an individual with mental illness”

8 8 Examples of Abuse Rape/sexual assault Striking Using excessive force during restraints Using bodily or chemical restraints contrary to state or federal law Verbal harassment Any act that is likely to cause immediate physical or psychological harm

9 9 Neglect Neglect means “a negligent act or omission by any individual responsible for providing services in a facility rendering care or treatment which caused or may have caused injury or death to an individual with mental illness or which placed an individual with mental illness at risk of injury or death”

10 10 Examples of Neglect #1 Failure to supply adequate nutrition, clothing or health care Failure to provide a safe environment Failure to provide adequate numbers of appropriately trained staff

11 Examples of Neglect #2 Failure to establish or carry out an appropriate individual treatment or discharge plan Failure to provide special education services for children with disabilities while in residential facilities.

12 12 PAIMI Authority #1 –The Protection and Advocacy System has the authority to: –Investigate incidents of abuse, neglect, and civil rights violations of individuals with mental illness if the incidents are reported to the system or if there is probable cause to believe that the incidents occurred 42 U.S.C (a)(1)(A)

13 13 PAIMI Authority #2 –The Protection and Advocacy System has the authority to: –Pursue administrative, legal, and other appropriate remedies to ensure the protection of individuals with mental illness who are receiving care or treatment in the State of Colorado 42 U.S.C (a)(1)(B)

14 14 PAIMI Authority – Records Access #1 Have access to all records of any individual: –Who is a client of the system if such individual, or the legal guardian, conservator, or other legal representative of such individual, has authorized the system to have such access 42 U.S.C (a)(4)(A)

15 15 PAIMI Authority – Records Access #2 Any individual (including someone who has died or who’s whereabouts are unknown) Unable to authorize access because of mental or physical condition No guardian, conservator, or other legal representative or the legal guardian is the state A complaint has been received, or through monitoring or other activities there is probable cause to believe that abuse or neglect occurred 42 U.S.C (a)(4)(B)

16 16 PAIMI Authority – Records Access #3 An individual who has a guardian, conservator, or other legal representative Probable cause to believe the individual is in serious and immediate jeopardy, whenever The representative is contacted and The P&A offers assistance and The representative fails to act on behalf of the individual 42 U.S.C (a)(4)(C)

17 17 Records “Records” include reports prepared by any staff of a facility rendering care and treatment or reports prepared by an agency charged with investigating reports of incidents of abuse, neglect, and injury occurring at such facility and discharge planning records.

18 18 Preemption #1 CLA v. Hammons, 323 F.3d 1262 (10 th Cir. 2003) Under the Supremacy Clause the PAIMI Act preempts state laws to the contrary Examples Quality Management/Assurance records, CRS (4) Peer Review records, CRS (10)(a)

19 19 Preemption #2 The Colorado Children’s Code and Human Services CRS (1)(a) Dependency and Neglect and Child Abuse records CRS (1)(b) Delinquency and Dependency and Neglect records CRS (4) Confidentiality, Reports of child abuse and neglect CRS Human Services Records -Confidential

20 20 PAIMI’s Confidentiality Duty Records obtained under PAIMI authority which are confidential under Federal or State law are required to be maintained in a confidential manner by the P&A System to the same extent as the provider of mental health services. 42 U.S.C (a)

21 21 PAIMI Authority – Facilities Access Has access to facilities in the State providing care or treatment –Facility includes any public or private residential setting that provides overnight care accompanied by treatment services –Examples of facilities hospitals, nursing homes, residential child care facilities, jails and prisons 42 U.S.C (a)(3)

22 22 PAIMI Authority – Access to Individuals Individual with Mental Illness means an individual who has a significant mental illness or emotional impairment, as determined by a mental health professional qualified under the laws and regulations of the State and –Who is an inpatient or resident in a facility rendering care or treatment, even if the whereabouts of such inpatient or resident is unknown –Who is in the process of being admitted to a facility rendering care or treatment, including persons being transported to such a facility, or –Who is involuntarily confined in a detention facility, jail or prison 42 C.F.R

23 23 Contacts at PAIMI Team Mark J. Ivandick, Managing Attorney Jennifer L. Purrington, Attorney Patricia Doyle, Senior Rights Advocate and Investigator Chaz Gilmore, Intake Specialist

24 24 The Legal Center For People With Disabilities and Older People  455 Sherman Street, Suite 130  Denver, CO   TTY  FAX  Toll Free 


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