Presentation on theme: "IRD/Savoirs et Développement 1 Some ESTIME results for the MIRA screening meeting Rigas Arvanitis."— Presentation transcript:
IRD/Savoirs et Développement 1 Some ESTIME results for the MIRA screening meeting Rigas Arvanitis
IRD/Savoirs et Développement2 ESTIME Objectives Description of the state-of-the-art in research in all scientific fields Design of indicators for policy making Participate in the debates on how to enhance research (evaluation, university, etc.) Promote “science studies” in Med countries
IRD/Savoirs et Développement3 ESTIME results on research Growing production A peculiar form of specialisation : Engineering and applaied physico- chemical sciences Small but dynamic research communities Institutional changes in some countries Economic relevance is becoming a reality
IRD/Savoirs et Développement4
8 Growth pattern
IRD/Savoirs et Développement9 Social sciences production: Maghreb _ _ _ _ _ 2004 Morocco Algeria Tunisa
IRD/Savoirs et Développement10 A marked specialization pattern1/3
IRD/Savoirs et Développement11 A marked specialization pattern2/3
IRD/Savoirs et Développement12 A marked specialization pattern3/3
IRD/Savoirs et Développement13
IRD/Savoirs et Développement14 Research personnel CountryPersonnel – Head count EPTEPT/ 10 6 h Algeria ‘enseignants- chercheurs’ (?) 1400 researchers, 5000 (?) 156 Jordan (of which Sc. & Eng and 62% univ.) Lebanon professors (?) researchers f.t Morocco professors 2900 researchers 8000 doctoral candidates (433) Tunisia prof. of which 758F.T. and 9723 students 3rd cycle (1465)
IRD/Savoirs et Développement15 Budgets for R&D as % of GDP Pays Algeria0,160,270,21 Egypt0,200,19- Jordan0,380,34 (2003) Lebanon0,22 (2006) Morocco0,320,710,80 Palestin.T. Half million for science fund Syria0,2 (?) Tunisia0,430,531,00
IRD/Savoirs et Développement16 A diversification of funding sources Tunisia: relative diminishing funds and more international cooperation + RD in entreprises. Morocco: More private sector (6% in 1998 12,3% en 2003). Lebanon: diversification of funds at AUB (int. coop., foundations, NGOs, entreprises); public funding is lowing (in relative termes at IRAL). Syria: creation of research funds in the universities.
IRD/Savoirs et Développement17 Low absorption capacity of national research systems Important difference between promised budgets and implemented funds ( eg. In all countris where data was available) Important differential between allocated funds and spent funds (in som ecases can go up 60%) Some institutions have a low ability to respond to international funds.
IRD/Savoirs et Développement18 Three models of governance Syria Egypt Iraq Centralized type of governance, but decentralized performance Research in large public research centres and universities Large public universities Lebanon Jordan Decentralized governance Research in pub+private universities Algeria Morocco Tunisia Centralized governance Large public universities Research mainly in universities and public research institutes
IRD/Savoirs et Développement19 Some additional results (1) Strong structuring of the research activity (eg. Tunisia, Morocco) Active evolutions : Egypt Evaluation (teams, programmes) is still not in the agenda Social sciences out of the radar... But more than half of the students.
IRD/Savoirs et Développement20 Some additional results (2) Growing R&D activity in enterprises Bridging institutions are rare and have still a low activity /tech transfer units have low activity: legal issues. Inventive policies in innovation (a world of innovation) A suggestion: have more private consultancies in charge of relating the research-enterprises linkages.
IRD/Savoirs et Développement21 Some ideas for the future Create a reference center for bibliometric data + effort on enhancing production visibility Some coordination with research on innovation – EMIS Additional work needed for both collection and analyzing data (partnerships + observatories)