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Product Planning Unit 9.

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Presentation on theme: "Product Planning Unit 9."— Presentation transcript:

1 Product Planning Unit 9

2 Product Planning How are decisions made to introduce new products and delete old old ones?

3 Unit 9 Vocabulary Aseptic Packaging Blisterpacks Brand Brand Extension
Brand Label Brand Licensing Brand Mark Brand Name Category Management Cause Packaging Co-Branding Descriptive Label Generic Brands Grade Label Label Mixed Brand Mixed Bundling National Brands Package Planograms Price Bundling Private Distributor Brands Product Depth Product Item Product Life Cycle Product Line Product Mix Product Modification Product Planning Product Positioning Product Width Trade Name Trade Character Trademark

4 Unit 9 Essential Question
What processes and techniques are used to develop, maintain, and improve a product/service mix in order to utilize market opportunities?

5 Essential Question 1 Product Planning
What is the nature and scope of the product/service management function?

6 What is Product Planning?
Product Planning: The decisions made about what features should be used in selling of a business’s products. These decisions relate to: guarantees branding product mix packaging labeling warranties

7 What is Product Planning?
Product Mix: All the different products that a company makes or sells. Product Line: A group of closely related products manufactured or sold by a business. Product Item: A specific model, brand, or size of a product within a product line. Product Width: The number of different product lines a business manufactures or sells. Product Depth: The number of product items in a product line.

8 What is Product Planning?
A well defined product plan allows a business to: Create sales opportunities. Design appropriate marketing programs. Develop effective advertising campaigns. Coordinate the product mix offered to customers. Add new products. Delete older products that no longer appeal to customers

9 Essential Question 2 Product Planning
How do businesses determine which products to produce and sell?

10 Determining what to produce or sell
Businesses will use different product mix strategies to determine what to produce or sell. Product mix strategies depend on: Resources Objectives Past and current sales Consumer trends

11 Essential Question 3 Product Planning
How are products/services positioned in the market place?

12 Product Positioning Product positioning: Efforts a business makes to identify, place and sell its products in the marketplace. Positioning by price and quality: Ex: Ford Motor Company positions its Focus as an economical passenger car while still emphasizing quality.

13 Product Positioning Positioning by features and benefits:
Ex: Oil of Olay was positioned as a premium facial moisturizer and cleanser to keep skin soft and young. Positioning by unique characteristics: Ex: Cell phones that can text message or take pictures and send them.

14 Product Positioning Positioning in relation to the competition:
Ex: Warner-Lambert Company introduced Cool Mint Listerine by positioning against the “theraputic” benefits of Original Listerine and the “cosmetic” benefits of Scope. Positioning in relation to other products in a line: Ex: Binney & Smith introduced washable crayons and positioned them as a specialty item in the company’s Crayola crayon line.

15 Essential Question 4 Product Planning
What is the concept of product mix and product/service branding?

16 Product Mix Strategies
Developing New Products Follows six steps: Generate Ideas Screen Ideas Develop a Business Proposal Test the product with consumers Introduce the product Evaluate customer acceptance

17 Product Mix Strategies
Developing Existing Products Line Extensions: Adding new product lines, items or services. Ex: Tylenol Product Modifications: An alteration to an existing product: New and different varieties Formulations Colors Styles Features Sizes

18 Product Mix Strategies
Deleting a Product or Product Line Obsolescence Loss of Appeal Changes in Company Objectives Replacement with New Products Lack of Profit Conflict with other products in the line

19 Essential Question 5 Product Planning
What is the nature of product bundling?

20 What is Product Bundling?
Multiple products or components packaged together into one bundled solution.

21 Benefits for Businesses and Customers
Introduce New Products Acquire New Customers Higher Profits Increase Product Turnover (distressed inventory)

22 Benefits for Businesses and Customers
Save Money Perception of Greater Value Low Risk to Try New Products

23 Examples Astound X-Box Happy Meal

24 Essential Question 6 Product Planning
What is the nature of corporate branding?

25 Branding, Packaging, and Labeling
Brand: Name, design or symbol that identifies the products of a company. Brand Name: Word or group of words that can be spoken. Ex: Nike, Coca-Cola Classic, Cover Girl, Tylenol Brand Mark: Symbol, design, distinctive coloring, or lettering

26 Branding, Packaging, and Labeling
Trade Name: Identifies the company or a division of a particular corporation. Trade Character: A personified brand mark.

27 Branding, Packaging, and Labeling
Trademark: When used, it is followed by the registered trademark symbol ®

28 Branding, Packaging, and Labeling
Package: Physical container or wrapping for a product. Label: Information tag, wrapper, seal, or imprinted message that is attached to a product or package.


30 Essential Question 7 Product Planning
How do you identify product opportunities?

31 New Product Opportunities
Changes in life cycle Changes in technology Changes in market/society Changes in economy

32 Finding the GAPS! Find the opportunities when you find the gaps!
Gap=the difference between what is currently available and what is needed/desired

33 Changes in Life Cycle Product planning does not end when a product is new! Must decide what to do with existing products as they change through the life cycle

34 Product Life Cycle Maturity Decline Growth Introduction
Delete or Reinvent What do we do when a product declines? Have to decide to modify or delete THIS IS AN OPPORTUNITY!

35 Changes in Technology Smartphones GPS Social Media
Voice recognition technology Siri GPS Garmin, Tom Tom Google Maps Social Media

36 Changes in Market/Society
Health Conscience McDonalds Happy Meal Apple Slices, Milk Salads, wraps Bottled water Convenience Entertainment Games, music, movies, culture

37 Changes in Economy Economic downturn
Created opportunity for new product and product expansion Generic brands, discount stores, low cost alternatives and substitutes

38 Ways To Find the Gaps Market research Surveys Focus Groups
Asking customers what they would like, what's lacking Focus Groups Sales records Where are sales decreasing/not improving? Competitors What are our competitors offering that we aren’t? What are they doing better than us?

39 Essential Question 8 Product Planning
What methods/techniques can be used to generate a product idea?

40 New Product Categories
Products that create a new market or niche segment. Paper disposable diapers. Additions or line extensions to existing products. New flavors and new sizes of existing products.

41 New Product Categories
Product improvements. Cars. Cell phones Repositioned products. Tums repositioned itself to feature its high calcium content as a benefit for women's health.

42 Product Development The first step is to generate new business ideas that are unique. Can the product be Repositioned Improved Brought out in a new size, flavor, or package?

43 Product Development Techniques used to generate new product ideas:
Periodically screen your products and compare them with competitors' products, with an eye toward: improving attributes of products combining the features/benefits of several separate products into a single new product examining users' needs that are not being met by current competitive products using idea-generating methods like brainstorming

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