Presentation on theme: "Hilton Hotels Michael J. Marquis MKTG518 Case Study I."— Presentation transcript:
1 Hilton HotelsMichael J. MarquisMKTG518 Case Study I
2 Hilton Hotel’s Background Led by Conrad Hilton, operations began in 1919 (Mobley Hotel in Cisco, TX).Hilton Hotels Group went public in 1946 (15 properties in 11 states).In 2000, acquisition of Promus Hotel Group (owned 1700 properties)Promus Group managed Holiday Inns of America, Embassy Suites and Hampton Inn (1954).In 2006, Hilton had presence in 78 countries w/global workforce over 100,000 (largest lodging company in the world).Differentiator: excellent care of guestsHotel Owners = Large % of Hilton’s business (several billion dollars of real estate invested in hotel brands)“It’s share-of-wallet through brands, and share-of-shelf-space through owners.” – Bala Subramanian, SVP of Global Distribution Services
3 General Overview of Case In 2008, Hilton Hotels Corporation poised for global growth (1,000 hotels in North America/1,000 in rest of world)Blackstone Group acquisition for $26 Billion (32% premium over the $32.05 per share price).New Strategy: Global growth with focus on owners, franchisees, and customers.Challenges post-Blackstone acquisition:Highly competitive global lodging businessLimited access to capitalHigh level of employee turnoverDifficult to standardize service delivery operationsSolution: Customers Really Matter (CRM) initiative
4 Supporting Facts: Hilton’s OnQ Platform OnQ, according to EVP of Shared Services Tim Harvey, “embodied both the one-stop shopping nature of an integrated solution and a readiness to service customers ‘on cue’.”OnQ Features:Tech-focusedCustom-build enterprise systemSupports property-level operationsSame system adopted across entire Hilton family (QA)Cost of OnQ (Big Price Tag $$$)$93 Million initial investmentAnother $102 Million invested by 2007OnQ infrastructure maintenance = $60 million per year (in addition)
5 Supporting Facts: Customers Really Matter (CRM) Benefits of the Customers Really Matter (CRM) initiative:With 78,000 calls/day (total of four North American call centers), OnQ reservations allow agents access to guest preferences.Greater insight = decreased called time and increase cross-selling abilitiesEnables front office to pre-assign guests to roomsExclusive benefits for Gold & Diamond level HHonors members (MyWay program)Superior Customer Recover y– records of previous complaints (planning ahead of time for previously disappointed guests)Proper dispatching/staffing during lean hoursTiered guest valuation system (prioritize most valued guests)Guest survey (SALT) upon guest departure (key metric for evaluating guest experience)
6 Strengths Access to Capital Blackstone Group acquisition provides optionsCan invest in CRM strategy further or adopt new platformGlobal growth a viable strategic optionEstablished Standardized Delivery Service SystemHilton controls purchasing, maintaining, and refreshing property level hardwareProvides complete turnkey solution (owners just pay a franchise fee)Major competitive advantage (solid IT infrastructure)Can be streamlined across entire Hilton familyAids in expansion efforts: more hotels, quicker pace, more consistency (quality assurance)Superior customer service to VIP members
7 More Strengths Brand Recognition Hilton Hotel Corporation is well known for its customer centric approach to its operations (OnQ/CRM supports brand name)Technologically SuperiorTom Keltner, EV and CEO of the Americas: “Our IT infrastructure would take years to replicate….”Custom-built enterprise/proprietary software platformConsistency across all hotels1st major multi-brand operator to launch integrated customer relationship management effort (competition playing catch up)
8 Weaknesses Highly Competitive Global Lodging Business High Levels of Employee Turnover (especially at the front desk)Difficult to Measure ROI with Customers Really Matter (CRM) InitiativeOnQ & CRM infrastructures are extremely expensive to build and maintain, year-after-yearGlobal strategy may be too aggressiveToo much reliance on CRM as Hilton’s DNAToo many performance metrics/programs around top tier guests
9 OpportunitiesAcquisition by Blackstone Group for $26 billion allows for new global expansion strategy.Option to stick with OnQ/CRM or focus on more targeted service delivery operations platform.OnQ/CRM has established customer centric framework (historical data for new platform if needed)Opportunity to take a larger portion of market share (9%) from Marriott during global expansion.OnQ is the conduit for aggressive expansion (more hotels, quicker pace, more consistency).Can build Hilton Hotel’s infrastructure even further with new capitalReliance on brand name while expanding globallyEventual understanding of QRM’s ROI with increased metrics from SALT (surveys, etc.)Customer loyalty program expansion for high-end guests
10 Threats Competition The CRM/OnQ Platform Global/External Environment Marriott International with 9% of the U.S. lodging market (Hilton has 9% as well)Competitors have their own guest experience initiatives (Ritz Carlton’s luxury segment & Wyndham International’s upper upscale segment).The CRM/OnQ PlatformYearly infrastructure costs exponentially increase with global expansionIncreased difficulty achieving standardized hospitality service with global expansionNot target enough to specific customer service related issues (too widespread and vague)Proprietary platform becomes obsolete as other systems advanceMay not be cost-effective (difficult to determine ROI)Global/External EnvironmentGovernmental regulationsLack of brand recognitionGlobal market conditionsCultural differences
11 Stated Conclusion From Case CRM ChallengesDifficult to measure the long term success of the CRM initiativeTough to track its evaluation in terms of ROIHow does one put a metric on personalized interactions?The CRM initiative may not be cost-effective as Hilton expands globallyFor CRM to be successfulHilton must focus on measurement, executive championship, employee training and empowerment (quantify ROI)It must continue to be the DNA of HiltonMore cost-effective infrastructure solutionsThe Future of CRM at the Hilton CorpIs it worth reinvesting in CRM or has the program run its course?Has the initiative enabled Hilton to differentiate its brand?Was the standardized approach better than a targeted approach?
12 Recommendations Reinvent Brand with New Global Strategy Boost international guest experience initiatives with a targeted hospitality service platform (do away with CRM outside of U.S.)Purchase targeted customer relationship management platform after extensive ethnographic studies prior to entering new markets.Use Blackstone Group acquisition capital as a means of testing various service delivery options (ensure quantitative measurement/ROI).Establish customer-centric global reputation.Continue with strategic initiative focusing on owners, franchisees and customers.More hotels, quicker pace, more consistency with different systemMaintain CRM/OnQ initiative in the U.S.Continue to differentiate oneself as lodging’s customer service leaderUse net profits from cross-selling as a key performance indicator in collaboration with SALT survey results (profits/service KPI’s)Reduce yearly CRM/OnQ infrastructure costs by keeping system solely within the U.S.Habitually increase technology around training, information systems, supply-chain management (not rely so heavily on CRM as sole DNA of Hilton
13 References:Applegate, L., Piccoli, G. & Chekitan, D. (2008). Hilton Hotels: Brand Differentiation through Customer Relationship Management. Harvard Business School. Case Jul. 23, 2008.