Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Aging out of Foster Care Transitions to Adulthood.

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "Aging out of Foster Care Transitions to Adulthood."— Presentation transcript:

1 Aging out of Foster Care Transitions to Adulthood

2 Facts O Approximately 20,000 youth age out of foster care each year. O With the exception of incarcerated youth, foster youth are the only group that is involuntarily separated from their families through government intervention.

3 Facts O The primary purpose of this separation is to protect youth from harm by their caregivers, O State decides when these 20,000 foster youth are ready to be on their own


5 Who are youth in foster care? O Roughly 500,000 youth live in foster care O 3/5 children of color O 51% male O Median age of 10 O Half in non-family, 24% kinship, 17% group homes

6 Why do they enter? O State decision due to O Abuse O Neglect O Dependency O Typically try to intervene before removal O Prior to removal there’s a “permanency plan” O If impossible, find home

7 What happens to youth in foster care? O Vast majority find permanent home O 85% adopted or w legal guardian O Some are emancipated into independent living, usually b/c they reached 18

8 Ouctomes O 37% of foster youth aged 17–20 had not completed high school degree or received a GED. They more often O suffer fm mental health problems O become involved in crime O are victims of crime O frequently homeless. O former foster youth are more likely to former foster youth are more likely to O be employed than their peers be employed than their peers O rely on public assistance; and O Live in poverty O Have children outside of marriage O Have marital problems.

9 Implications for Policy O Given prolonged transition to adulthood, states should provide extended assistance O Parents provide 38K between 18-34. Unwise to cutoff at 18 O Extending care past 19 results in improved educational, health, and mental health outcomes

10 Older youth in Foster Care O majority are in care for a relatively short time O Only about 7% of youth in out-of-home care “age out” of care

11 But different from younger… O Older youth (aged 16–18) are O more likely to be living in group homes (the least “family-like” settings). O Youth in these settings are also less likely to form the kind of lasting relationships with responsible adults O care facilities are typically staffed by relatively young shift workers with high turnover.

12 Chaffe Act O The main program that supports youth during this transition is the Foster Care Independence Act of 1999, O commonly known as the Chafee Act, it provides $140 million in funding per year. O (mental health services O life skills O Mentoring O employment preparation O education, and others), O stipends for housing, O extended Medicaid eligibility O through age 21 at state option. O valuable to foster youth, who often must contend with mental health issues arising from their traumatic pasts

13 Chaffe (1999) O Medicaid was only available to prior O provides states funding for vouchers for education and training to youth who O have aged out of foster care O have been adopted from the public foster care system after age 16.

14 In reality... O Uneven use of services O Not much $ per youth ($1400) O Programs reinvent the wheel O Target population, program misses: O many foster youth who are discharged from care before age 18 to their family of origin, usually a parent. O Some of the most vulnerable, given their longer turbulent family histories. O ruaways from foster care before they turn 18.

15 Fostering Connection to Success and Increasing Adoptions Act O Signed into law in 2008 (went into effect 2011) O extends federal support for youth to age 21

16 Lack of Safety Net O Since 1985 policies have given states more flexibility and money for youth 18-21, but most don’t provide past 18 O 90% still don’t receive services permitted by law O Often lose health care at 18

17 Foster Connections Act O Provides care, housing, and federally distributed financial support to all youth 18- 21 so long as youth are O Completing high school or equivalent O Employed O Enrolled in a vocational program O Requires that youth meet with caseworker prior to exiting the system Requires that youth meet with caseworker prior to exiting the system

Download ppt "Aging out of Foster Care Transitions to Adulthood."

Similar presentations

Ads by Google