Health Care Reform Opportunities National Healthy Homes Conference May 29, 2014 Jack Rayburn Senior Government Relations Manager @ jjrayburn
Overview Prevention opportunities in ACA CDC and community-based prevention Medicaid rule change opportunity Hospitals and Community Benefit
About TFAH: Who We Are Trust for America’s Health (TFAH) is a non-profit, non- partisan organization dedicated to saving lives by protecting the health of every community and working to make disease prevention a national priority.
The Affordable Care Act
ACA & The Road to Health The Affordable Care Act recognizes that health means more than the absence of disease and that every part of our life must be focused on creating health Clinical preventive services like screenings and counseling All parts of society must work together to make the healthy choices the easy choice Each of us as individuals has a responsibility to be as healthy as we can be
Prevention in ACA Insurance matters Coverage for preventive services Every new health plan, since 2010, must include coverage of evidence-based, effective preventive services, such as screenings for type 2 diabetes, immunizations and mammograms, without co-pays. Since January 1, 2011, seniors on Medicare receive many preventive services, with no co-payments–such as annual wellness visits, cervical cancer screening, diabetes screening, mammograms and immunizations for the flu and pneumonia.
National Prevention Strategy Four strategic directions Healthy and Safe Community Environment Clinical and Community Preventive Services Empowered People Elimination of Health Disparities
Healthy and Safe Environments Businesses and employers can: “Ensure that homes and workplaces are healthy, including eliminating safety hazards (e.g., trip hazards, unsafe stairs), ensuring that buildings are free of water intrusion, indoor environmental pollutants (e.g., radon, mold, tobacco smoke), and pests, and performing regular maintenance of heating and cooling systems.” National Prevention Strategy, page 17
Recent Community Prevention Investments Communities Putting Prevention to Work (CPPW) Prevention and Public Health Fund Community Transformation Grants (CTG) Tobacco Prevention, Quitlines, National Media Campaign Coordinated core chronic disease funding for state health departments And…
Prevention Investments 2014 PICH grants (not PPHF) Preventive Health and Health Services block grants to states Immunizations Diabetes Prevention Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention Racial and Ethnic Approaches to Health (REACH) And much more…
Partnerships to Improve Community Health (PICH) “PICH is a new 3-year initiative to improve health and reduce the burden of chronic diseases. Eligible applicants include a variety of governmental agencies and non-governmental organizations, including local public health departments, school districts, local housing authorities, local transportation authorities, and American Indian tribes…to work through multi-sectoral community coalitions.” Letters of Intent due June 5, 2014 www.cdc.gov/chronicdisease/ for more information
Community-based Prevention Future of this work to be determined by: Success of current efforts Letting the world know of those successes Creating partnerships that go deeply into the transforming health system Creating sustainable resources by leveraging new funding streams
Medicaid Support for Community Prevention Recent Medicaid EHB rule change to allow reimbursement for non-licensed providers Waivers and other CMS authorities to pay for additional covered services, or to pay additional entities, or for services in non-traditional setting MA Pediatric Asthma 1115 Waiver Diabetes Prevention Program TX 1115 Waiver Coverage of tobacco quit lines in Medicaid
Medicaid Payment for Non-licensed Providers Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) clarified the statute in the recently issued Essential Health Benefits rule. Medicaid will now reimburse for preventive services recommended by licensed providers and provided, at state option, by non-licensed providers.
What is the Opportunity for Community Prevention? A broader array of health professionals could be reimbursed for providing preventive services to Medicaid beneficiaries Health Educators Community health workers Care Coordinators Home Visiting Staff Lactation Consultation Developmental screening YMCA Diabetes Prevention Program Parenting Education
What are the Steps? Define what you want to do. Gather the required information. Meet with your state Medicaid agency to request that they submit a State Plan Amendment (SPA). Meet with local Managed Care Organizations (MCOs) to explore workforce innovation partnerships.
Describe the Issue and Solution Explain the health issue you are addressing. Describe the intervention. Provide the evidence of effectiveness and, if available, return on investment.
Define the Change What provider(s) do you propose? What services will they provide? Which Medicaid beneficiaries would be eligible for the services?
Specify Provider Qualifications Educational background Training Experience Credentialing or registering Employment model
Explain Service Delivery What preventive services Evidence of effectiveness Referral process (from licensed provider) Unit of service Service limitations if any Location limits or requirements if any Reimbursement level
Hospitals as Community Health Leaders ACA Sec. 9007 Expands and clarifies not-for-profit community benefit requirements IRS proposed rules; awaiting final rule Seek out completed needs assessments, comment, and offer to partner http://cdc.gov/policy/chna http://cdc.gov/policy/chna Aligning fiscal incentives (i.e., via ACOs) may offer other opportunities to partner.
Partner and Persevere Collaborate with state Medicaid agency to submit state plan, implement, monitor, improve. Negotiate with Managed Care Organizations to implement, monitor, improve. Partner with health care delivery system to implement and measure outcomes/savings. Work with public health agency to implement and measure outcomes.
For more information Please visit www.healthyamericans.org to view the full range of Trust for America’s health policy reports. Or www.healthyamericans.org/health- reform for health reform implementation information.www.healthyamericans.orgwww.healthyamericans.org/health- reform Email: firstname.lastname@example.org@tfah.org Twitter: @jjrayburn or @healthyAmerica1
Payors Providers There are 5 major trends happening in the health system today, most driven by changes in the ACA Physician & hospital consolidation Coordination of care Consumerism New payment models Government Gov’t as innovator Integrated health systems 1 1 2 2 3 3 4 4 5 5
Payors Providers Within the current system, there are certain trends that favor community health management… Physician & hospital consolidation Coordination of care Consumerism New payment models Integrated health systems Government Gov’t as innovator Understand who is at risk for patient care & show savings
Payors Providers …but the most relevant trend is the rise of integrated health systems Physician & hospital consolidation Coordination of care Consumerism New payment models Integrated health systems Government Gov’t as innovator Integrated systems are likely more willing and well-equipped to discuss payments for community health