Presentation on theme: "Becca Massey Gifted and Talented Teacher Georgetown ISD June 25, 2014"— Presentation transcript:
1Becca Massey Gifted and Talented Teacher Georgetown ISD June 25, 2014 Best Practices using Kagan Cooperative Learning Structures and Higher level questioningBecca MasseyGifted and Talented TeacherGeorgetown ISDJune 25, 2014
2Logistics Class- 8:30-3:30 Lunch -11:30-12:30 Breaks- 10 min a.m./ 10 min. p.m.Name cardsFind website: GISD, Cooper Elementary, Gifted and Talented, Becca Massey
3Objectives Today we will learn: How to implement best practices using Kagan Cooperative Learning StructuresDetermine how adding depth and complexity to daily lessons will result in long term learningUse different higher level questioning strategies to add rigor to our daily lessons
4Stop to JotPlease complete the following prompt on sticky note or piece of paper:The students in my classroom learn best when…....Be prepared to share!
5T-Chart SortA/B Partner- Decide which of you would like to be partner A and partner B- take turns sorting the statements according to where you think they should go!More Less
6TTTTruth telling time- Still using A/B partner take a few minutes to share which statements you use and implement on a daily basis.This is non-judgmental so please be honest.
8Best Practices- Research Based Student Centered We need to find students interests, all across the curriculum and allow them to investigate their own questions and ideas.How- Provide hands on, whole ideas and events, real complex ideas and materials, genuine challenges, choices and responsibilities in their learning.
9CognitiveOur most powerful learning comes when children develop true understanding of concepts through higher-order thinking through inquiry and self-monitoring of their thinking.How- students should be able to recreate and reinvent every cognitive system they encounter (math, language, literacy, sciences)Learners should be able to reflect, debrief from their learning
10SocialLearning is socially constructed and often interactive. Teachers need to create classroom interactions that “scaffold” learning.How- Cooperative learning activities tap the social power of learning better than competitive and individualistic approachesSentence Stems can be used with all Cooperative Learning Activities
11What Makes An Activity Truly Cooperative? Simultaneous Interaction- are the largest possible number of students actively contributing to the lesson at the same time?Equal Participation-are all members required to contribute equally to the team project or activity?Positive Interdependence- Is the success of the team dependent upon positive contribution by all members?Individual Accountability- Is each member held accountable for his or her own contributions and learning?
12Benefits of Cooperative Learning Higher self-esteemImproved social skillsMore on-task behaviorHigher academic achievement for all studentsBetter attitudes toward teacher and schoolGreater use of higher-level thinking skillsIncreased appreciation for different points of view
13Keys to a Cooperative Classroom Social Skills must be taughtTaking turns, no put downs, sharing materials, participating equally, staying on task, encouraging others, patient waiting, communicating clearly, accepting differences, active listening, staying with the team, celebrating success, helping others!
14Kagan Cooperative Learning Goals Make cooperative learning part of every lessonRequires very little advanced preparationNo changes in curriculum neededVery easy to doOn the outside it might looks like a lot of noise and chaos, but on the inside you will find it to be a powerful teaching tool and that the noise is constructive noise
15Inside/Outside Circle In concentric circles, students rotate to face new partners and answer questions.Students stand in two concentric circles, facing a partner. The inside circle faces out; the outside circle faces in.Students use flashcards to ask questions of their partner, or they may take turns responding to a teacher question(s).Partners switch roles: outside circle students ask, listen, then praise or coach.After each question or set of questions, students in the outer circle rotates to the next partner. (Teacher may call rotation numbers: “Rotate three ahead.”)
16Mix, Pair, ShareStudents mix to form pairs and share their knowledge of a topicTeacher poses a problem or question that has an exact answer or is open ended with many responsesTeacher calls, “Mix!” -Students mix around the room. (Play favorite music)Teacher calls, “Pair!” (Stop the music and students pair)Students pairStudents share their responses to the teacher prompt- students respond with “Thank you for sharing”
17Numbered Heads Together Teammates work together to ensure all members understand; one is randomly selected to be held accountable.Students count off numbers in their groups.Teacher poses a problem and gives wait time (Example: “Everyonethink about how clouds are formed. [Pause] Now make sureeveryone in your team knows how clouds are formed.”)Students lift up from their chairs to put their heads together, discuss and teach.Students sit down when everyone knows the answer or has something to share or when time is up.Teacher calls a number. The student with that number from eachteam answers the question individually using: response cards, dry erase boards, manipulatives, or IPAD apps (Educreations)
18Mix, Pair, Solve Students mix to form pairs and solve a problem Teacher poses a problem or asks a questionTeacher calls, “Mix!” -Students mix around the room. (Play favorite music)Teacher calls, “Pair!” (Stop the music)Students pairStudents solve the problem that was posed- students respond with “Thank you for helping”Good to review for an assessment
19ShowdownStudents in teams number off. Student 1 becomes the Leader. The Leader reads the first task card aloud.All students attempt to solve the problem and write their responses on paper, dry erase, etc.The Leader asks for a “Showdown.” Teammates compare and check answers.Students discuss the answer, offering help if needed.Leader role rotates
20Mix and MatchGive each student a card with information on it and the other half of information on another cardStart music and have students mix the cards as they mix around the roomStop the music and have students find their match. Have the matching pairs form an outside circle around the room.Students share why they match with their partner Continue to mix and matchIdeas-units of time, equivalent fractions, different numeric representations, vocabulary
21Rally CoachPartners take turns, one solving a problem while the other coaches.The teacher poses a problem to which there is one correct answerPartner A solves the problem; Partner B watches, checks, and praises (A can be talking out loud)Teacher poses the next problem.Partner B solves the problem; Partner A watches, checks and praises (B can be talking out loud)Repeat starting at Step 1
22Round Table Students in teams number off. Students pass a paper around the team as they take turns recording answersHave them fill in a graphic organizer to classify something (geometric shapes, seasons, etc.)
23Round Robin Students number off Teacher poses question or topic Teacher calls a number to indicate which team member will share their answers first.Remaining students take turns orally sharing a response (use a sentence stem when responding)Idea-non-fiction story that they all read, question cards and then respond (STAAR)
24Who Has, I Have?Each student gets a card with a statement and a question on itTeacher prompts one student to start with the question prompt *this student will answer lastStudents must listen to the question and description and be ready to answerExample: Who has “the pointed top of a mountain or hill? “I have Peak, who has the part of an ocean, sea, or lake extending into the land…I have Bay…keeps goingOther ideas-math vocabulary, characters in a novel
25ActivityChose a Kagan Cooperative Learning Structure and decide how you can use it in your classroom?Mix, Pair, Share
26Brain BreaksResearch shows that children need a “change of state” to maximize learningMix, Pair, Share- what would be a way to “change the state” in order for children to refocus?
27PancakeCountdownHammerRocketshipSkateTree stand- count by 10’s, multiples of a numberContinent danceBe VerbsSongs/PoemsWater Cycle song
28Higher Level Questioning Adding Depth and Complexity with Language to Literacy ChartsSocratic QuestioningPLORE Questions
29Depth & ComplexityDepth and Complexity are words or prompts that activate higher levels of knowing. They are words that help us decode meaning. They allow us to gain expertise in a domain. The icons assure that you use these strategies consistently and use them all of the time. They provide a common vocabulary.BeccaRefer to Handout Pg 5.
30DepthExploring a discipline by looking below the facts and investigating generalizations, principles, and universal concepts.Becca
32Language of the Discipline Students identify terms or words that are specific to a subject or discipline.How professionals in the field talk to one another.Appropriate terminology.BeccaRefer to Handout Pg 6.
33DetailsStudents are instructed to note the attributes, traits, or characteristics of an idea or event.BeccaRefer to Handout Pg 7.
34Patterns Students are instructed to identify reoccurring events. Patterns repeat themselves.We use patterns to predict.BeccaRefer to Handout Pg 8.
35Unanswered QuestionsStudents are instructed to question what is still not known or understood.What is still unclear?DiscrepanciesDo any conclusions need further investigation, evidence or support?BeccaRefer to Handout Pg 9.
36Rules Students are instructed to define how the topic is structured Orders you followLaws, norms, formulasBeccaRefer to Handout Pg 10.
37TrendsStudents identify factors or events (social, political, economic, and geographic) that cause events to occur or happen.InfluencesForcesBeccaRefer to Handout Pg 11.
38EthicsStudents are instructed to identify any dilemmas or controversies of the idea or event.Determine the elements that reflect bias, prejudice, or discrimination.BeccaRefer to Handout Pg 12.
39Big IdeasStudents determine the overarching statement that best summarizes what is being studied.It is a generalization, principal or theory.Bloom’s Synthesis forming parts to make a new whole.BeccaRefer to Handout Pg 13.
40Across the Disciplines Relate the area of study to other subjects within, between and across disciplines.BeccaRefer to Handout Pg 14.
41Change Over TimeStudents describe how the effect of time changes the idea or event.Examining the origin, the present, and the future.BeccaRefer to Handout Pg 15.
42Different Perspectives Students are instructed to investigate the opposing points of view, roles, status, or values.Students examine the event form the perspective of different disciplinarians (anthropologist, economist, sociologist, political scientist, mathematician, scientist, artist)You don’t know an issue until you know it from both sides.BeccaRefer to Handout Pg 16.
43Do you teach for questions or answers? Be accepting of all answers and questionsParticipate in the activitiesModel answering and questioning dailyIncorporate questioning techniques in your lesson plansAnswer: If your answer is “answers”, then cut the strings and fly a little!
44Convergent QuestionsConvergent Questions- attempts to find the best answerEvaluation, describing, defining, graphing, drawing, conclusions, etc.Attempting to take many ideas and draw them together toward a single goal or result.
45Divergent QuestionsDivergent Questions- many possible answers…open ended, engaging to get kids thinking; seeks responses that consider many possibilities; responses are not evaluated as right/wrong; good or badFluency, Flexibility, originality, elaborationActivity-next slide-
46In groups take a piece of paper and make a circle map…tell me everything you know about a rectangle. Flexibility-think of different ways to use a placemat…list thoseOriginality- Compile a list and decide which is most creative or originalElaboration- How could we make the placemat better or more useable?
47Productive/Reproductive Questions Compare/ContrastFeelings/OpinionsPersonification QuestionsAnalysis QuestionsSynthesis QuestionsEvaluation QuestionsApplication QuestionsWas It Possible QuestionsRisk- Taking QuestionsProcess of Elimination Questions
48PLORE QuestionsPredict- What do you think will happen to Arthur’s bike?Locate-Find the sentence on pg. 27 where Francine tells Arthur and Buster about what happened to her bike. Write the sentenceOrder- Put the following events in order from what happened first to last.The kids decide to tell Mr. Haney about the bike.One of the garbage collectors picked up Francine’s bike.Francine tells Buster and Arthur her bike is stolen.Recall- Why does Muffy think someone stole the bike? Pg. 28Evaluation- Do you think Francine should tell her friends about what really happened to her bike? Why/Why not?What Kagan strategy would you use to implement PLORE questions?
49L to L Chart Select a book from your table Use the elements of depth and complexity descriptors to fill in the L to L chart for your book.Are there others to add? Can you make connections to other literature? Can you see any trends, across disciplines, etc.?