Presentation on theme: "Bollywood Cinema Sources used:"— Presentation transcript:
1Bollywood Cinema Sources used: http://www.bollywhat.com “The Road to Bollywood” - Film Comment Magazine, May/June 2002
2Bollywood is the Indian Hindi-language film industry! What is Bollywood?Bollywood is the Indian Hindi-language film industry!Located in Bombay (a.k.a. Mumbai)Bollywood produces about 200 films out ofIndia’s 800 a year (Hollywood only makes around 250)Famous Bollywood directors...Bimal Roy: Devdas (1935), Madhumati (1958)Raj Kapoor: Sangam (1964),Bobby (1973)Yash Chopra: Deewaar (1975),Dil to Paagal Hai (1997)
3A typical Bollywood film... A typical Bollywood film usually consists of the following elements:RomanceComedyDramaSuspenseViolenceFamily valuesMusic and danceThese films are “typical” Bollywood and are commonly referred to as masala films.“There is no division of genres, as exists in the West: no Westerns, no romances, no thrillers.” (author Chidanada DasGupta)Films are typically lengthy, running between 160 to 220 minutesStylistic, melodramaticBetween 5 and 8 song sequences
4Filmmaking conventions Films are made differently in India...“Broken up” shooting scheduleActors work on many films at one timeUse of dubbing techniques vs. sync soundLagaan (2001) is one Bollywood film that recently broke through these filmmaking conventionsCamera movementUse of the zoom lensFocus on color, “slick, high-gloss”
5Bollywood and Indian culture Indian culture affects Bollywood’s plot lines, characters, and song sequences.MarriageEastern vs. Western culturePride in India, appeals to NRIsThe “Hindu Family Values” movie:Respect for elders, Hindu traditions, “Joint Family”India as a country of many languages and sub-culturesContent is generally inoffensive, appeals to a mass audienceNo kissing!!Music permeates every aspect of Indian culture and religion.Therefore, it seems fitting that these films should devote so much screen time to song and dance.
6Songs are a necessity in Bollywood cinema. Song sequences!Songs are a necessity in Bollywood cinema.Bollywood musical numbers complement the narrative, they do not construct it.American musicals see songs as dramatic turning points in the plot, while Bollywood songs are generally used to expand emotion as a result of turning points in the plot.Viewers would most likely be able to understand a Bollywood film’s meaning just as well without the song sequences.“Yeh Ladka Hai Allah” - Kabhi Khushi Kabhie GhamDuring production, most time is spent filming the musical numbersImportant to the commercial success of a filmPlayback singersActors never sing the lyrics themselves!
7Song sequences, continued... Typical Bollywood musical numbers:Grand locales, montagesLovers’ duetReligious ceremoniesHighly choreographed danceEmphasis on color and costumeBollywood film songs traditionally do not exhibit character development, but many recent movies have changed this convention.In Lagaan, characters communicate through subtext in lyrics, thereby advancing the plot of the film.
8The future of Bollywood... Bollywood has adapted to modern culture in a variety of waysDance club / music video song sequences to appeal to a younger generationMusical numbers staged in a character’s imagination are more believableBollywood influence in Western cinema:Modern musicals like Moulin Rouge borrow certain Bollywood conventions to reinvent the American musical genre. + see also Dancer in The Dark