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Leadership in the Life Cycle Source: George Bullard The Columbia Partnership.

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Presentation on theme: "Leadership in the Life Cycle Source: George Bullard The Columbia Partnership."— Presentation transcript:

1 Leadership in the Life Cycle Source: George Bullard The Columbia Partnership

2 Congregational Passages u Congregations have a Life Cycle just like people do u Theology and Reality –Church vs. church(es)

3 Leadership Tasks u Smart leaders diagnose the congregation’s place in the Life Cycle … and lead accordingly

4 Life Cycle Diagnostics u Four things in congregational life to determine what is going on –Vision –Inclusion (Relationship Experiences) –Program –Management

5 The Big Four V I P M

6 Visionary Leadership The current understanding of God’s spiritual strategic direction for a congregation that is cast by leadership and owned by the people connected with the congregation.

7 “V” -- Vision u Mission u Dream u Energy u Purpose u Leadership

8 Inclusionary Experiences The relationship process by which people are brought to faith in God through Jesus Christ, become connected to a congregation, are assimilated into the fellowship life and care ministry of that congregation, have opportunities for spiritual growth and leadership development, and utilize their gifts and skills through Kingdom involvement.

9 “I” -- Inclusion u “Relational” structures –How do people connect with each other and God? –Celebration/congregation/cell u Evangelism and Outreach u Assimilation u Discipleship

10 Programmatic Emphases The functional attempts to provide ministries, services, activities, and learning experiences for people connected with a congregation by membership, attendance, fellowship, or staffing.

11 “P” -- Programs u Ministries u Services u Activities u Training

12 Accountable Management The administration of the resources of the congregation, the decision-making structures of the congregation, the formal and informal culture of the congregation, and the openness of the congregation to transition, change, and transformation.

13 “M” -- Management u Administration u Policy u Structure u Resources u Decision-making

14 Life-Cycle Model - Descriptive The current understanding of God’s spiritual strategic direction for a congregation that is cast by the leadership and owned by the people connected with the congregation. (vision) The relationship process by which people are brought to faith in God through Jesus Christ, become connected to a congregation, are assimilated into the fellowship life and care ministry of that congregation, have opportunities for spiritual growth and leadership development, and utilize their gifts and skills through Kingdom involvement. (inclusion) The functional attempts to provide ministries, services, activities, and learning experiences for people connected with a congregation by membership, attendance, fellowship, or staffing. (program) The administration of the resources of the congregation, the decision-making structures of the congregation, the formal and informal culture of the congregation, and the openness of the congregation to transition, change, and transformation. (management) V ISION: MissionDreamEnergyPurposeLeadership I NCLUSION: Relational Structures Evangelism/OutreachAssimilationDiscipleship P ROGRAMS: MinistriesServicesActivitiesTraining M ANAGEMENT: AdministrationPolicyStructureResourcesDecision-making

15 The Stages of Congregational Development 1. Birth 2. Infancy 3. Childhood 4. Adolescence 5. Prime (Adulthood) 6. Maturity 7. Empty Nest 8. Retirement 9. Old Age 10. Death

16 Congregational Life Cycle Birth Infancy Childhood Adolescence Prime (adulthood) Maturity Empty nest Retirement Old age Death

17 Life-Cycle Model V ISION: MissionDreamEnergyPurposeLeadership I NCLUSION: Relational Structures Evangelism/OutreachAssimilationDiscipleship P ROGRAMS: MinistriesServicesActivitiesTraining M ANAGEMENT: AdministrationPolicyStructureResourcesDecision-making LATEGROWTH PRIME EARLYGROWTH EARLYAGINGLATEAGING INFANCY BIRTH ADOLES-CENCE CHILD-HOOD EMPTYNEST RETIRE-MENT OLDAGE DEATH YOUNGADULTMATUREADULT

18 Birth Vipm Birth is that stage when Vision is dominant, but relationships, programs, and management are not.

19 Infancy VIpm Infancy is when Vision is dominant, and has been joined by inclusionary relationships, but programs and management are not dominant.

20 Childhood ViPm In Childhood, Vision is dominant, but instead of inclusionary relationships, now Programs are dominant. Management remain underdeveloped.

21 Adolescence VIPm During Adolescence, Vision, Inclusionary relationships and Programs are all three dominant. Only management is not fully developed.

22 Prime VIPM u The church is at full Kingdom potential u All four dominant and appropriately aligned.

23 Maturity vIPM In Maturity, for the first time, Vision is diminished. Inclusion, Programs, and Management remain fully developed.

24 Empty Nest vIpM Programs become diminished, joining vision, when a congregation enters Empty Nest. Inclusion and Management remain as the dominant factors.

25 Retirement viPM Retirement is organized around the lead roles of Programs and Management. Vision and Relationships are passive, even wounded.

26 Old Age vipM Only Management remains dominant in the Old Age stage. Vision, inclusion, and programs are all passive.

27 Death vipm At Death, only essential structural management is even present. Vision, Relationships, and Programs are disappeared.

28 Life-Cycle Model V ISION: MissionDreamEnergyPurposeLeadership I NCLUSION: Relational Structures Evangelism/OutreachAssimilationDiscipleship P ROGRAMS: MinistriesServicesActivitiesTraining M ANAGEMENT: AdministrationPolicyStructureResourcesDecision-making LATEGROWTH PRIME EARLYGROWTH EARLYAGINGLATEAGING INFANCY BIRTH ADOLES-CENCE CHILD-HOOD EMPTYNEST RETIRE-MENT OLDAGE DEATH YOUNGADULTMATUREADULT

29 Who’s Driving? Birth Infancy Childhood Adolescence Prime (adulthood) Maturity Empty nest Retirement Old age Death V I P M

30 “Driving” in Post-prime churches Vision Programs Management Relationships

31 “Driving” from Birth to Prime Management Vision Programs Relationships

32 The Big Question How do I get my congregation from where we are to where we want to be? u How do we get the right ones in the front seat?

33 From “fix”-based to “solutions”-based u The first and principal leadership task is to replace what was lost last in the congregation (V, I, P, M)

34 Leadership on “Growth” Side u On the “growing” side of the curve, church growth happens through emphasizing the characteristics of the next stage –i.e. teach infants to act like children, children to act like adolescents, teens to act like adults

35 On the younger half of the curve … u During the birth-infancy stages, the master story of the congregation is formed –A major leadership task on the “growth” side is to help shape and consolidate this story

36 Leadership at Prime (adulthood) At adulthood, multiple visions surface, and leadership is a matter of developing consensus in the master story

37 Leadership tasks on the “right side” of the life cycle 1. Principle: Deal with what you lost latest 2. Principle: Determine whether change strategies can be continuous, or must be discontinuous or even radical 3. Principle: The further down the curve, the longer it will take and less likely it will work

38 Leadership at “Maturity” – Revision u Deal with what you lost latest: “vision” –From vIPM to VIPM –Sometimes a simple change of pastors works here (though not at other places!) u Takes 6-18 months to redevelop at this stage u Continuous (not radical) change works best

39 Leadership at “Empty Nest” - Revitalization u Deal with what you lost latest: “P” –Program vitality –Move from vIpM  vIPm u Takes months

40 Revitalization at “Empty Nest” u Stages: –Nostalgia –Disappointment –“Try harder” –Anger u If caught at “nostalgia,” can do incremental change u If at “disappointment, anger, or beyond,” must lead via introducing discontinuous or radical change

41 Leadership at “Retirement” – Renewal u From viPM  vIPM –Inclusion first, then vision –Must create lots of new ways for new people (not malcontents) to be reached and included in the life of the church u Takes 3-5 years

42 Renewal at “Retirement” u This is no place to use continuous change strategies u If it is 1 st or 2 nd leap at trying to redevelop, leadership can use discontinuous change u If 3 rd -4 th time, leadership must use radical change to leap forward to new adolescence

43 Leadership task at “Old Age” - Reinvent u From vipM  Vipm u Very difficult to initiate without 3rd party –consultant or intentional interim type u Takes months (a shorter time frame but violently different)

44 Reinventing at Old Age u This is no place to use continuous change strategies –And it must happen within months u “Let’s turn the page, begin with a blank, start from ground up” –Reinventing, not revising

45 Leadership Task at “Death” – Resurrection u From “m”  Vipm –First V, then I u month time frame u Relocations, annexations, bequeathings

46 What to aim at … u Maturity: redevelops toward adulthood u Empty nest  adulthood or adolescence u Retirement  adolescence or childhood u Old age  childhood or infancy u Death -> infancy or birth

47 Redeveloping: Targets Birth Infancy Childhood Adolescence Prime (adulthood) Maturity Empty nest Retirement Old age Death V I P M

48 What to expect u Any successful “solutions-based” leadership approach to redevelopment lasts 7-9 years u After a decade, it’s time for another redevelopment –Any congregation can be a decade from death!

49 The key at all points right of center: u You don’t have to have the same dream as before; what matters that the current congregation owns the vision passionately u At every point of leadership on the “right” side of things, a goal is to diminish the controlling aspects of management –Reducing management increases energy for ministry

50 Where to Learn u From someone who is doing it! –A practitioner is better than a book or conference u Your Virginia Baptist family can help to connect you with –Learner to leader –Peer to peer –Mentor to protégé

51 Leadership at the Life Cycle


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