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Flipchart for local meetings Delete this slide and print the remaining slides double-sided (preferably on cardstock). The side with the design is the “poster”

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Presentation on theme: "Flipchart for local meetings Delete this slide and print the remaining slides double-sided (preferably on cardstock). The side with the design is the “poster”"— Presentation transcript:

1 Flipchart for local meetings Delete this slide and print the remaining slides double-sided (preferably on cardstock). The side with the design is the “poster” and the white side provides notes the lesson leader can use to make the presentation to the local group. 1

2 Recycle Reuse Reinvent 2010 District OHCE Leader Training 2

3 Recycle, Reuse and Reinvent Until the mid 20 th Century, most families were very efficient and conservative in their use of resources. Today, thanks to concerns about the environment and the economy, there is renewed interest in protecting and conserving natural resources in addition to getting the most from every dollar. 3

4 4

5 What’s in our Garbage? The average American family generates 2.5 tons of garbage per year. About 80% of what we throw away could be recycled, reused, donated, composted or made into something new. Looking at this chart, think about YOUR trash and what YOU can do to change your household’s contribution to the waste stream 5

6 Energy Use: Recycled & Virgin Content Products Million Btu’s per ton 6

7 Energy use Recycled vs. Virgin content products As you can see on the chart, every product listed can be produced more efficiently from recycled material than from raw materials. The obvious winners are Aluminum and Plastic. It is 95% more efficient to recycle than to mine the component materials and make “new” aluminum. Although plastics recyclers are not as plentiful as those that take aluminum, it is worth looking, because it is 66% more efficient to recycle plastic than to make new For the remainder of products, the differences are not so stark. The real benefits from recycling paper products is keeping them out of landfills. Just over half of all steel/tin cans can be recycled, but the bulk of all steel recycled comes from appliances, cars, etc. Glass can be recycled indefinitely, but glass containers are often reused in the home and items such as glass ovenware (Pyrex), glassware and broken window glass are not accepted with household recycling. 7

8 Recycle 2010 District OHCE Leader Training 8

9 Recycle In Japan, only 16% of household waste goes to landfills. Why do you think that might be? – About 50% of Japan’s solid waste is recycled – Because of their limited land mass, landfills are few and far between and residents pay a premium price to send their garbage to the landfill – The Japanese pay the disposal fee for durable goods like appliances and cars when they purchase the item. When they purchase a new item, the store picks up the old one to repair and resell or salvage. 9

10 Special care items CFL bulbs Batteries Tires Electronics Motor Oil Fire Extinguishers Appliances 10

11 Special Care items These items can and should be recycled, but require special handling Compact Fluorescent bulbs contain a small amount of mercury and shouldn’t be thrown in the trash – most Home Depot stores have drop off sites Many rechargeable batteries can be dropped off where you recycle/return a cell phone. Car batteries should be taken back to the retailer when you buy a new one Although we pay a disposal fee up front for tires, in rural areas, many tires go home to serve as trailer tires, raised bed gardens, etc. Even though recyclers generally don’t pay for electronics – in fact many charge you to bring computers – it is still important to take these items to a places like Office Depot, Staples and Best Buy so newer computers can be refurbished and the components harvested from older ones. In addition to keeping chemicals out of landfills and trash out of ditches, a ton of salvaged computer components contains more gold than 17 tons of gold ore. 11

12 Donate or recycle… Eyeglasses Hearing aids Bathtubs, toilets & sinks Computers Cell phones Smoke detectors Ink Cartridges Telephones Books/Magazines Packing foam/peanuts Paint Cars Clothes Hangars Propane tanks (grill) Sewing Machines 12

13 Donate or recycle Eyeglasses – most local Lion’s clubs accept used eyeglasses, in addition to local eye care practitioners and Hearing aids can often be refurbished Bathtubs, toilets & sinks that are in good shape can be reused in home construction for those less fortunate. If reuse is not an option, the scrap iron from a cast iron bathtub can be salvaged. Many office supply stores give you credit for returning/recycling Ink Cartridges Telephones can often be refurbished/reused Books/Magazines should be donated or shared with friends & neighbors Packing foam/peanuts – While you will likely use a number of foam peanuts yourself, they have a variety of uses within the building industry Paint – once you’ve finished with a project, keep a small amount of paint for touch-ups and donate the paint for a community beautification project – paint is generally not recycled in the traditional sense. Note – a glass jar with a tight fitting lid makes a great container for leftover paint. Cars can be donated to charity and the donor receives a tax break, but cars that have outlived their usefulness as a source of transportation can also be salvaged Clothes Hangars – many dry cleaners accept used hangers and a few will give you a discount when you bring a bundle of hangers back. Propane tanks (grill) – be sure to return empty propane tanks when picking up another tank Sewing Machines – with renewed interest in home sewing, if your old sewing machine is in working order, give it to a relative who needs a machine or to the local community center or Goodwill store 13

14 Never Recycle: Aerosol Cans Brightly colored paper Ceramics/pottery Disposable Diapers Hazardous Waste Household Glass Juice boxes/coated cardboard Medical Waste Wet paper Napkins/paper towels Pizza Boxes Plastic bags & plastic wrap Plastic coated boxes & plastic without recycle symbol Plastic screw on caps 14

15 Never Recycle these items Aerosol Cans – unless the recycle symbol is present Brightly colored paper – the strong dyes can contaminate the recycling mix Ceramics/pottery items have different properties than glass and cannot be recycled Disposable Diapers – at this point we have no way to recover the component materials Juice boxes/coated cardboard – the coating that keeps moisture from leaking through keeps this paper product out of the recycle bin Wet paper of any kind shouldn’t be recycled – but it’s a good component in the compost pile Napkins/paper towels – because of their intended purpose, these items can harbor bacteria and be unusable Pizza Boxes often have grease stains or stuck-on food and both can contaminate a batch of recycled paper Plastic bags & plastic wrap that have been in direct contact with food are hard to recycle because it is impractical to wash Plastic coated boxes & plastic without recycle symbol should be reused as long as possible, but because they are a combination item, they can’t be recycled with today’s equipment Plastic screw on caps Hazardous Waste & Medical waste - this sounds very obvious, but be sure you are aware of everything that falls into this category. 15

16 Reuse 2010 District OHCE Leader Training 16

17 Reuse If you do not live near a recycling center, reusing items may be your best option. Reuse is less expensive than: – Recycling – Incineration – Composting – Adding to a landfill 17

18 Use these more than once: Dry Cleaning Bags Butter/Margarine wrappers Plastic grocery bags Plastic bread clips/twist ties Plastic produce baskets Spray bottles Mesh bags Pantyhose Laundry bottle caps and scoops Cereal Bag liners Glass jars Shoe Boxes Worn out towels, sheets Computer paper Paper Bags Leftover building material Egg cartons (for non- food uses) Holiday greeting cards Outdated phone books 18

19 Use these items more than once Use Dry Cleaning Bags to cushion clothing when packing (or to protect out of season clothing in the closet) Butter/Margarine wrappers can be used to butter a dish before baking Plastic grocery bags can go back to the store to be used again, they are great liners for small waste baskets and they are invaluable when cleaning the cat’s litterbox Plastic bread clips/twist ties are great for closing up bags (like Powdered Sugar) that don’t come with a closure Plastic produce baskets are great for organizing small items in the pantry or garage Spray bottles – any clean spray bottle can be used until the spray mechanism fails Mesh vegetable bags make great scrubbers Pantyhose in addition to wearing pantyhose with a run under slacks, they are great for straining/filtering and storing onions to dry Cereal Bag liners are great to separate ground beef patties before freezing and they can also double as a disposable bag for decorator icing Glass jars can be reused indefinitely, since the component materials do not interact with other substances Shoe Boxes can transport baked goods or become the foundation for a diorama Worn out towels & sheets can be cut up for cleaning rags, line the dog house, etc. Paper Bags can generally be used several times before recycling. If the paper become stained or dirty, crumple the bag and use to start a fire in the fireplace Leftover building material can become the foundation for all types of crafts Egg cartons – especially the paperboard cartons - are great for starting seedlings for transplanting Holiday greeting cards – the card fronts can be used for a number of crafts Tear out the pages you rely on from your outdated phone book and put them in a folder in your car for reference 19

20 Reuse of food containers: Glass containers can be reused for all foods – but should not be used for pressure canning Reuse other materials as follows: Foods with similar chemical composition Foods that will be exposed to the same type of process Do not reuse porous materials such as: Paper Paperboard Expanded foam Do not reuse microwave packages with browning/crisping functions It is best not to reuse containers for foods with strong odors Source: University of Illinois Cooperative Extension Service 20

21 Reuse of food packaging Although studies of the safe reuse of food packaging materials have been limited, the following general guidelines apply: Packages from products other than food should never be used as food containers. Similarly, plastic trash bags (unless labeled as “safe for food storage”) should never be used to store food. Glass can be reused for all foods, regardless of what food was originally packed in the glass container. However, single-use jars should not be used for foods processed in a pressure canner. Reuse food packaging for foods with similar acidity, sugar, fat or alcohol content or foods that will be exposed to the same type of processes. In general, do not subject food packages to heat unless instructions on the original package give heating information. Do not reuse porous packaging such as paper, paperboard & expanded foam (Styrofoam) as air pockets can trap bacteria. Do not reuse microwave packages that contain materials to enhance browning or crispness. Avoid storing foods with strong odors or flavors in reused food packages. The packaging material might absorb the chemicals that produce the odor or flavor and transfer them to other foods. If materials are safe for use in a microwave, they are generally labeled. If you store a non-food item in a food container, do not reuse the container for food storage. Use only “food grade” paper or plastic in direct contact with food. 21

22 Reinvent 2010 District OHCE Leader Training 22

23 Reinvent Definitions: Reinvent – to bring back into existence Revive – to bring back to life 98% of all textile items that go to landfills could be reused or reinvented With a plan, all leftover food can be part of another dish Most furniture has more than one life 23

24 An old t-shirt can become: A shopping bag A pillow case A throw pillow A child’s dress A new shirt A quilt or throw A rug A craft supply 24

25 What can you do with an old t-shirt? In addition to the things listed here, what are some things you might do with an old t-shirt (besides cut it up for rags)? 25

26 Re-invent in the Kitchen Keep a “soup” container in the freezer Slow cook leftover roast beef, pork or chicken & shred for sandwiches or tacos Mix leftover pasta & veggies with Italian dressing for a quick salad Puree celery, onions and peppers and freeze in ice cube trays Make croutons or breadcrumbs from stale bread 26

27 Reinvent in the Kitchen Leftover food should be cooled quickly and re-heated or used in another dish within 2-3 days. If you can’t use it within that time, chop and freeze and use within a month or so. Keep a 2-3 quart container In the freezer to collect small amounts of leftover meat and vegetables (including broth). When it’s full, make a pot of soup. Slow cook leftover roast beef, pork or chicken and shred for sandwiches or tacos Mix leftover pasta and vegetables with Italian dressing and chill for a salad Puree or “juice” celery, onions and peppers and freeze in ice cube trays and add to soups and sauces for flavor Too much bread—make croutons (cut in cubes before drying) or breadcrumbs (dry the while slice—then crumble) 27

28 Reinvent your kitchen/yard waste 28

29 Compost reinvents waste Composting is nature’s process of decomposing organic materials into rich soil, known as compost. Anything that was once living will decompose. Composting is an accelerated version of what happens in nature. By composting your organic waste, you are returning nutrients to the soil so the life cycle can continue. To learn more about composting, visit the OSU Extension Center Your handout lists items that can and cannot be composted 29

30 How could you reinvent Orphan socks? Old jeans? Your fabric stash? An old dresser? An ugly couch or chair? Clothing that is too big or too small? Scrapbooking papers 30

31 How could you reinvent? Ask members to call out ways one might reinvent some of the items on the list. Then ask what skills are needed to reinvent those items Do they have the needed skills? Do their neighbors or their children? 31

32 Money-Saving Skills Do it yourselfProfessional Minor sewing repairsSewing kit - $5Replace buttons - $6 Hem a skirt - $9-12 Make SoupLess than 50¢/servingCanned soup - $1/serving Take out - $3-7/serving Take care of your wardrobe Wash & iron at home < 25¢/item for water, energy, starch, etc. cleaners $2-3 for shirts $3-4 for pants Clean with household products A gallon of vinegar - $2.50 A box of baking soda - $.75 A gallon of brand name cleaner $7-8 Replace AC/Furnace Filters Cost of filter - $10-15Cost of a service visit - $125 and up Grow a gardenSeed & fertilizer - $5-10 for a small garden $50-75 at the grocery store Even more for organic Source: MSN Money 32

33 Ten skills everyone needs today 1.Make minor sewing repairs/alterations 2.Create a household budget/balance a checkbook 3.Make soup 4.Know how to comparison shop 5.Take care of your wardrobe 6.Clean your house 7.Bake in the microwave 8.Apply paint 9.Replace screens/filters 10.Put together a resume Most of these skills are still taught in Home Economics classes. As school budgets tighten, be sure your local school boards know that Family and Consumer Sciences Education (home economics) teaches important life skills. 33


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