Presentation on theme: "1 Scan Globally, Reinvent Locally Knowledge Infrastructure and the Localization of Knowledge Keynote Address: First GDN Conference December 1999, Bonn."— Presentation transcript:
1 Scan Globally, Reinvent Locally Knowledge Infrastructure and the Localization of Knowledge Keynote Address: First GDN Conference December 1999, Bonn Joseph Stiglitz Chief Economist, The World Bank
2 Importance of GDN n End of colonialism and of Cold War n Need to prevent new intell. colonialism »Example of trying to impose open cap. accts. n Need to have “country in driver’s seat” n Key role of GDN to insure that outcome. n Long-term power of ideas: e.g. transparency n Core standards for democratic debate to promote global consensus-building.
3 Knowledge Infrastructure & the GDN n Global public goods: disembodied knowledge. n Power of Internet & the GDN. n Human embodiments of knowledge more like private goods. n Rethinking the Knowledge Bank as operating with the research & policy institutes of GDN.
4 Three Main Theses n Localization of knowledge required by complexity & variety of societies. n Practical know-how is tacit knowledge transferred by horizontal methods. n Societies through knowledge institutes take driver’s seat in local learning process.
5 General-Local Dimension of K n “Drive on the left” not best practice in London. n “Every alleged example of local implementation of central policy, if it results in significant social transformation, is in fact a process of local social discovery.” [Donald Schön] n Job of GDN institutes = preparing “best practices” for local transplanting. n Knowledge Bank scans globally; GDN institutes reinvent locally.
6 Codified-Tacit Dimension of K n Codified K is spoken, written, & downloaded. n Tacit K: ride a bike, know a face, speak native language grammatically. n Tacit K transferred by horizontal methods: apprenticeships, secondments, twinning. n Central Role in identifying who has know-how, matching w/clients, and certifying quality.
7 Active Social Learning n Negative effects of passive learning » “Default theory”: Standardized best practices imposed by aid and conditionalities. » Impairs self-confidence and sense of self-efficacy in country. n Active social learning = Country in driver’s seat
8 Social Learning and Democracy n “If you teach a man anything he will never learn it” [G.B. Shaw] n Learning how to learn. n Shortcomings of technocratic dev. models. n Consensus-building = “democracy-friendly” dialogue. Role of GDN institutes. n Ownership comes from active involvement. n Ownership necessary for successful development transformation.