Presentation on theme: ""America will never dream of security unless we will have it in reality in Palestine," he added. "God willing, our raids on you will continue as long as."— Presentation transcript:
"America will never dream of security unless we will have it in reality in Palestine," he added. "God willing, our raids on you will continue as long as your support to the Israelis will continue." Osama bin Laden 1/23/10
"To Western nations... this speech is to understand the core reason of the war between our civilization and your civilians. I mean the Palestinian cause. The Palestinian cause is the major issue for my (Islamic) nation. It was an important element in fueling me from the beginning and the 19 others with a great motive to fight for those subjected to injustice and the oppressed," added bin Laden. Osama bin Laden 5/16/08
"The creation and continuation of Israel is one of the greatest crimes, and you [the Americans] are the leaders of its criminals. There is no need to explain and prove the degree of American support for Israel. The creation of Israel is a crime which must be erased. Osama bin Laden 12/02
"We have demonstrated and stated many times, for more than two-and- a-half-decades, that the cause of our disagreement with you is your support to your Israeli allies who occupy our land of Palestine." Osama bin Laden Shortly after 9/11/01
Is the Bible historically & archaeologically accurate? “It may be stated categorically that no archaeological discovery has ever controverted a Biblical reference.” Nelson Glueck – Jewish archaeologist
10 th Century BC Hebrew Text The deciphered text: 1' you shall not do [it], but worship the [Lord]. 2' Judge the sla[ve] and the wid[ow] / Judge the orph[an] 3' [and] the stranger. [Pl]ead for the infant / plead for the po[or and] 4' the widow. Rehabilitate [the poor] at the hands of the king. 5' Protect the po[or and] the slave / [supp]ort the stranger.
Writings Chronicles Ezra & Nehemiah Esther Job Psalms Proverbs Ecclesiastes Song of Solomon Daniel Torah Genesis Exodus Leviticus Numbers Deuteronomy Prophets Joshua Judges & Ruth Samuel Kings Isaiah Jeremiah & Lamentations Ezekiel The Twelve HoseaJoel AmosObadiah JonahMicah NahumHabakkuk ZephaniahHaggai ZechariahMalachi 22 Books
The Bible - OT Is t he Hebrew Bible the same as ours? 22 (or 24) books combine all minor prophets combine all I & II books combine Judges & Ruth combine Ezra & Nehemiah combine Jeremiah & Lamentations
Your Bible Translation vs. paraphrase Preface – how was it translated? Table of Contents Historical info Intro to each book Subject index (cyclopedic) Concordance Maps
Word of God Word of the Lord See also Scripture Psalm 119 John 1: 1 Hebrews 4: 12 I Peter 1: 23-25
Scripture(s) John 2: 22 I Timothy 4: 13 II Timothy 3: 16 II Peter 3: 15-16 http://www.biblestudytools.com/
Masoretic Text, Biblia Hebraica (900AD) Hebrew, Aramaic Dead Sea Scrolls (200BC) Hebrew, Aramaic, Greek Septuagint (300BC) Hebrew, Aramaic into Greek Vulgate (400AD) Hebrew, Aramaic, Greek into Latin Greek Text (300AD)
Isaiah 53: 10 “Yet it pleased the L ORD to bruise Him…” NKJV “Yet it was the L ORD ’s will to crush him…” NIV “Yet it pleased Adonai to crush him with illness…”CJB
“it pleased” Hebrew – chaphets (khaw-fates’) Incline to, to be pleased with, desire, delight, have pleasure, will Is the message the same? & what is the message?
John 1: 1 “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.” NIV (all) “In the beginning the Word was, and the Word was with God, and the Word was a god.” New World Translation
John 3: 16 “For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth on him should not perish, but have eternal life.” ASV (all) “For God so loved the world that God gave God’s only Child, so that everyone who believes in that Child may not perish but may have eternal life.” An Inclusive Version
The Bible biblia – books testament – covenant or will over 3,000 years of preservation
The Bible written over a period of almost 1500 years from Moses (~1400BC) to John (almost 100AD) about 40 different writers One Message from One Author
The Bible is the Bible we have today the same as God’s original revelation? is the message of the NT we have today the same message as Jesus spoke?
The Bible NT – over 5,000 Greek MSS almost 24,000 MSS in Greek, Syriac, Latin More evidence than any other book in history written on papyrus, parchment & vellum destruction of evidence
The Bible dating of MSS Material, letter size & form, punctuation, ink color & content, texture & color of material, ornamentation, carbon-dating
Ashkar & London MSS February 2010 two Israeli paleographers, Mordechay Mishor and Edna Engel, …"The uniformity of the letters, the structure of the text, and the techniques used by the scribe... it made it very clear to me," Engel said. …the experts were able to confirm that the texts were not only written by the same scribe, but were also part of the same scroll.
The Bible copying of originals & MSS Middles, exact counts, scribal rules, comparison with later discoveries Biblechurch
‘middles’ The fear of the L ORD, that is wisdom Middle letters, middle words, middle sections, middle of the Pentateuch, middle of the Hebrew Scriptures; everything was counted
The Bible - OT Canon – “measuring rod” OT canon established before Jesus’ time same books as today Septuagint included the Apocrypha Vulgate included the Apocrypha, however…
The Apocrypha - OT Philo (before Christ) – no Apocrypha Josephus (after Christ) – no Apocrypha why do the Catholics accept the Apocrypha & the Protestants don’t?
The Apocrypha - OT 1 Esdras 2 Esdras *Tobit *Judith Additions to Esther *Wisdom of Solomon Ecclesiasticus *Baruch Epistle of Jeremiah Song of the Three Children Story of Susanna Bel and the Dragon Prayer of Manasseh *1 Maccabees *2 Maccabees * Included in Catholic Bible
The Apocrypha - NT The Revelation of John the Theologian The Revelation (or Vision) of Paul The Revelation of Paul The Apocalypse of Peter The Apocalypse of Peter The Apocalypse of Thomas The Apocalypse of the Virgin The Shepherd of Hermas The Epistle of the Apostles. The Infancy Gospel of Thomas An Arabic Infancy Gospel The Gospel of James The Gospel of the Nativity of Mary The Gospel of Mary of Bethany (or Magdalene) The Gospel of Nicodemos (The Acts of Pilate) The Gospel of Bartholomew The Gospel of Peter The Gospel of Judas The Secret Gospel of Mark
The Apocrypha - NT The Acts of Andrew The Acts and Martyrdom of Andrew The Acts of Andrew and Matthew The Acts of Barnabas The Acts of John The Acts of John the Theologian The Acts and Martyrdom of Matthew The Martyrdom of Matthew The Acts of Paul The Acts of Peter The Acts of Peter and Andrew The Acts of Peter and Paul The Acts of Philip The Acts of Thomas The Consummation of Thomas
The Bible - Canon OT – “Thus saith the Lord” known prophet authorship prophecy & especially fulfilled prophecy ! (within OT times), use in synagogues
The Bible - Canon NT – OT quotes & references fulfilled OT prophecy prophecy Apostolic authorship use in churches
The Bible - OT Public reading of Scripture Deuteronomy 31: 9-13 Joshua 8: 32-35 Nehemiah 8: 3-18
The Bible - NT Public reading of Scripture Luke 4: 16-21 I Timothy 4: 13 I Thessalonians 5: 27 Colossians 4: 16
The Bible – NT Canon earliest MSS evidence from ~ 4 th century AD But what about ‘the gap’ between the Apostles and the 4 th century? 300+ years! Apostle John ~90AD Earliest MSS Evidence ~325AD What happened Between Here & Here?
The Bible – NT Canon Historical lineage: John 20: 30-31, 21: 24-25 II Peter 3: 15-16 Paul – refers to written letters Polycarp – 80AD Clement of Rome – 80AD Justin Martyr – 150AD Irenaeus – 180AD Muratorian Fragment – 150-200AD
The Bible – NT Canon Historical lineage: Eusebius – 300AD Council of Laodecia – 350AD Cyril – 350AD Athanasius – 367AD Damasus – 382AD Jerome – 391AD Council of Carthage – 397AD
Early Church Fathers Justin the Martyr – 150AD Every Sunday – “gather in a common meeting…the Memoirs of the Apostles or the writings of the prophets are read.”
Early Church Fathers Muratorian Fragment – 200AD Lists all the current NT canon Reference to apocryphal book “The Shepherd of Hermas… it cannot be read publicly to the people in church…”
Early Church Fathers Council of Laodicea – 350AD Athanasius – 367AD Lists all the current NT canon Then references both OT & NT Apocrypha – “…are not canonical…” “…are but recommended for reading” “…inventions of heretics…”
Early Church Fathers Cyril of Jerusalem – 350AD “…have nothing to do with the apocrypha. Study diligently those only which we read publicly in the Church.” Council of Carthage – 397AD Biblical Canon as we know it today
The beginning of the transfer of the Gospel John 17: 20-21 (Jesus) Acts 2 (Luke) I Corinthians 15: 1-11 (Paul)
Apostle’s Creed I believe in God the Father Almighty, maker of heaven and earth: and in Jesus Christ His only Son, our Lord; who was conceived by the Holy Spirit, born of the Virgin Mary, suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, dead, and buried; He descended into hades; the third day He rose again from the dead; He ascended into heaven, and sitteth on the right hand of God, the Father Almighty; from thence He shall come to judge the quick and the dead. I believe in the Holy Spirit, the holy Christian (catholic) church, the communion of the saints, the forgiveness of sins, the resurrection of the body, and the life everlasting. Amen
The beginning of the transfer of the Gospel I Peter 1: 10-12 & 25 (Peter) I Peter 1: 17-24 II Peter 1: 16-21 I John 1: 5 (John) I John 1: 1-5
The beginning of the transfer of the Gospel Ignatius – 110AD Polycarp – 135AD – student of the Apostle John Tertullian – 200AD Origen – 220AD Eusebius – 316AD Cyril of Jerusalem – 350AD
Nicene Creed – 325AD We believe in one God, the Father, the Almighty, maker of heaven and earth, of all that is, seen and unseen. We believe in one Lord, Jesus Christ, the only Son of God, eternally begotten of the Father, God from God, light from light, true God from true God, begotten, not made, of one Being with the Father; through him all things were made. For us and for our salvation he came down from heaven, was incarnate of the Holy Spirit and the Virgin Mary and became truly human. For our sake he was crucified under Pontius Pilate; he suffered death and was buried. On the third day he rose again in accordance with the Scriptures; he ascended into heaven and is seated at the right hand of the Father.
Nicene Creed – 325AD He will come again in glory to judge the living and the dead, and his kingdom will have no end. We believe in the Holy Spirit, the Lord, the giver of life, who proceeds from the Father [and the Son], who with the Father and the Son is worshiped and glorified, who has spoken through the prophets. We believe in one holy catholic and apostolic Church. We acknowledge one baptism for the forgiveness of sins. We look for the resurrection of the dead, and the life of the world to come. Amen.
Apostle’s Creed – 400AD I believe in God the Father Almighty, maker of heaven and earth: and in Jesus Christ His only Son, our Lord; who was conceived by the Holy Spirit, born of the Virgin Mary, suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, dead, and buried; He descended into hades; the third day He rose again from the dead; He ascended into heaven, and sitteth on the right hand of God, the Father Almighty; from thence He shall come to judge the quick and the dead. I believe in the Holy Spirit, the holy Christian (catholic) church, the communion of the saints, the forgiveness of sins, the resurrection of the body, and the life everlasting. Amen
New Testament Message & Canon Historical Overlap
Colossians 3: 16 “Let the word of Christ dwell in you richly as you teach and admonish one another with all wisdom, and as you sing psalms, hymns and spiritual songs with gratitude in your hearts to God.”