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Human Growth and Development/Life Stages. L IFE S TAGES Growth spans an individual’s lifetime Development is the process of becoming fully grown Health.

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Presentation on theme: "Human Growth and Development/Life Stages. L IFE S TAGES Growth spans an individual’s lifetime Development is the process of becoming fully grown Health."— Presentation transcript:

1 Human Growth and Development/Life Stages

2 L IFE S TAGES Growth spans an individual’s lifetime Development is the process of becoming fully grown Health care workers need to be aware of the various stages and needs of the individual to provide quality health care (continues)

3 L IFE S TAGES ( CONTINUED ) Infancy: birth to 1 year Early childhood: 1–6 years Late childhood: 6–12 years Adolescence: 12–20 years Early adulthood: 20–40 years Middle adulthood: 40–65 years Late adulthood: 65 years and older

4 G ROWTH AND D EVELOPMENT T YPES Physical: body growth Mental: mind development Emotional: feelings Social: interactions and relationships with others Four types above occur in each stage

5 E RIKSON ’ S S TAGES OF P SYCHOSOCIAL D EVELOPMENT Erik Erikson was a psychoanalyst A basic conflict or need must be met in each stage

6 I NFANCY Age: birth to 1 year old Dramatic and rapid changes Physical development Mental development Emotional development Social development Infants are dependent on others for all of their needs

7 E ARLY C HILDHOOD Age: 1–6 years old Physical development Mental development Emotional development Social development The needs of early childhood include routine, order, and consistency

8 L ATE C HILDHOOD OR P READOLESCENCE Age: 6–12 years old Physical development Mental development Emotional development Social development Children in this age group need parental approval, reassurance, peer acceptance

9 A DOLESCENCE Age: 12–20 years old Physical development Mental development Emotional development Social development Adolescents need reassurance, support, and understanding

10 E ATING D ISORDERS Often develop from an excessive concern for appearance Anorexia nervosa Bulimia More common in females Usually, psychological or psychiatric intervention is needed to treat either of these conditions

11 C HEMICAL A BUSE Use of alcohol or drugs with the development of a physical and/or mental dependence on the chemical Can occur at any life stage, but frequently begins in adolescence Can lead to physical and mental disorders and diseases Treatment towards total rehabilitation

12 R EASONS C HEMICALS U SED Trying to relieve stress or anxiety Peer pressure Escape from either emotional or psychological problems Experimentation Seeking “instant gratification” Hereditary traits or cultural influences

13 S UICIDE One of the leading causes of death in adolescents Permanent solution to temporary problem Impulsive nature of adolescents Most give warning signs Call for attention Prevention of suicide

14 R EASONS FOR S UICIDE Depression Grief over a loss or love affair Failure in school Inability to meet expectations Influence of suicidal friends or parents Lack of self-esteem

15 I NCREASED R ISK OF S UICIDE Family history of suicide A major loss or disappointment Previous suicide attempts Recent suicide of friends, family, or role models (heroes or idols)

16 E ARLY A DULTHOOD Age: 20–40 years old Physical development Mental development Emotional development Social development

17 M IDDLE A DULTHOOD (M IDDLE A GE ) Age: 40–65 years of age Physical development Mental development Emotional development Social development

18 L ATE A DULTHOOD Age: 65 years of age and older Physical development Mental development Emotional development Social development The elderly need a sense of belonging, self-esteem, financial security, social acceptance, and love

19 L ATE A DULTHOOD Age: 65 years of age and older Physical development Mental development Emotional development Social development The elderly need a sense of belonging, self-esteem, financial security, social acceptance, and love


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