Presentation on theme: "Ph. Tere Garduño Rubio July 2014. RIDEF - Italia Children’s Rights in México and Latin América."— Presentation transcript:
Ph. Tere Garduño Rubio July 2014. RIDEF - Italia Children’s Rights in México and Latin América
UN Convention on the Rights of the ChildUN Convention on the Rights of the Child (1990-2000) Reduced child mortality Erradicate diseases, like Polio Near elimination of newborn tetanus Increase in the registration in elementary schools.
Convention on the rights of the child. Signed by all the countries, and incorporated to national legislation…. Poor nutrition and mal nutrition, illiteracy, promiscuity, abuse, diseases and high mortality (7 times higther than in the U.S. and Canadá). But…few presents in Public Politics
The demografic projections of the CELADE (Latinoamerican and Caribean Center of Demography) estabished that in the region the total population for the 2009 was: Half of them in Brasil and Mexico Born Every day more than 30 000 children are born 565 millions That means that in Latin América there are 190 million boys, girls and adolescents. 36 millons are in groups betwen the 0 and 5 years old
Poverty is higher in the homes that have more girls, boys and adolescents than in the homes where there are more adults While in the foreign exchange markets of the world each day $1.5 billion of dollars are exchanged More than 600 million are children. Infantilization of poverty More than 1,200 million people in the world live on less than one dollar a day
The stability of the family structure in its traditional form, was seriously disrupted in recent decades due to the departure of the majority of its members to look for a job. Also the urban circles of margination have expanded In Latin America 70% of the population lives in the cities because of the regional migrations from rural areas.
The reduction of the state goverment and transference of the economcs way to going to the private sector and had many thinks and short estate in the important social cost. Consecuences directs about the childs, adolescent and the family Increase employed Reduce the social beneficts Kind of live are Deteriore Seduction for the narcotrafic and the organization crime Procesos de modernización de los Estados latinoamericanos desde 1990
It is governed under the provisions and principles International Instrument Legally binds the range of human rights, civil, economic, politics and social rights. Contributes to solving the basic needs of children and expand their opportunities. CONVENTION ON THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD
Series of standards and obligations accepted by all. That basic norms — called too human rights— they establish rights and minimum freedoms which Governments must comply. It based on: Respect Dignity Human value independently of race, colour, feminine/masculine gender, language, religion, opinion, economical status or capacities
In 2010, 21.4 millions of children, es decir 53.8% to the population less than 18 years, it have in poverty, front of 46.2% adult population. That means the poverty is still more in the familys who lives children. To the children in poverty 5.1 millions (12.8%) are in extrem poverty. In 2010, 21.4 millions of children, es decir 53.8% to the population less than 18 years, it have in poverty, front of 46.2% adult population. That means the poverty is still more in the familys who lives children. To the children in poverty 5.1 millions (12.8%) are in extrem poverty. The situation of Mexico in 2010 The girls, boys and teen ages population betwin 0 and 17 years old are 39.2 millions, that represent the 35.2% 19,351,565 (49.3%) 19,351,565 (49.3%) 19,875,179 (50.7%) 19,875,179 (50.7%) Shown in these indicators lower in the fulfillment of their rights.
children less the 5 years old, have several and cronic mal nutrition in the actuality (short), allmost 1.5 millions Nutritional situation Rural population The cronic malnutrition less 5 years in homes La prevalencia de desnutrición crónica para menores de 5 años en hogares indígenas es de 33.1%, mientras que en hogares no indígenas es de 11.7%.
Poverty and extrem poverty for regions in México (2012).
Number of deaths from malnutrition in each federative entity
Educational coverage In agreement to:: More than 6 million girls and children between 3 and 17 years are out of the school.
In communities indigenous to the conditions of the south- east this rate even remains high. Children mortality 1990 - 2012 39.2 to 13.2 for every thousand born alive. Guerrero 18.3 Chiapas 18.1 Oaxaca 16.9 for every thousand born alive. 1990 - 2011 47 to 16 por for every thousand born alive.
The infancy violence In Mexico, two third parts of the girls, children and teenagers of schools of basic education in the country expressed to have received at least a physical aggression during the last two years Between 55 and 62 % of the teenagers they suffered mistreatment in some moment.
Up to the moment have not been published the official numbers of the number of girls, children and teenagers who have died in the context of the combat against and between the organized crime, but different estimations of organizations of the civil society calculate between 1,000 and 1,300 between December, 2006 and July, 2011. Violence caused by the crime organized The children and teenagers have been impressed by the increase of the violence caused by the crime organized in the country and by the operations for his combat. 1.6 To 3.9 for every 100,000 citizen* 2011 De 8.2 to 15.82.16 *. 17.2 % Killing of women
The work of the children Fuente: INEGI, 2009 Whole of children and teenagers than work 3 millones in 2011. 900,000 children between 5 and 13 years. 39.1 % is not present at the school (1.2 million children). 72.3 % 27.7 %
The migration of de children The migration of the infantile population is not an event that one gives with base in an individual decision, the migratory movements of this one regularmente are realized in a familiar context, and in a comparatively minor quantity to that of the adults. 1.1 millons of the people, or the 5.3% are less than of 15 years old (in the moment of the migration). Explotation Human trade Vitimas of the delinquency Migration
“Terror in the border” Voice of the migrant children Jeycer is 16 years old and a clear aim: to come to The United States and to think his mother that it lives there for twelve, when it left his children in Honduras looking for a better future. He had 4 years, his brother Jonathan, who accompanies it in the trip, had 3. Almost they do not remember it. " I do not even remember myself of when it left me. For Internet I look at her and connect to Facebook, but I cannot touch it ", it tells Efe for telephone. A few days ago, account, he spoke with one of the mothers in route that it was bringing tiny children. " I asked him why it was bringing them and he said to me that already they him had killed both major ones and it were not going to remain that they were killing to those that he still had ". 6,330 children deported from January to May, 2014 (in 2013 they were 8,577 and in 2012 2012, 5,966). National Institute of Migration (NIM)
To know how much and how is invested in the infancy is a tool key to achieve that the fulfillment of the rights of the childhood and the adolescence is a daily reality. What does happen with the infancy in relation to the public investment? UNICEF Mexico destined $18,279,818.24, that is to say, 24% of the resources for the generation of information and knowledge on the level of fulfillment of the rights of the children in the country.
To create an Integral System of Guarantee of Laws of Children, Girls and Teenagers. To anticipate, to attend and to sanction really all the forms of violence against the children, girls and teenagers. To guarantee that 100 % of the babies newborn children have his birth certificate before expiring one year, and to achieve that all the children and girls between one and five years are registered. To implement the Federal System of Justice for Teenagers. To elaborate in all the conditions laws as for provision of services for attention, care and integral infantile development. Some points about infancy in Mexico.
To lower to the half the pregnancies in teenagers from 12 to 17 years. To reduce in 20 % the rate of infant mortality (TMI) and of 5 year old minors (TM <5) in the conditions where the major number of deaths centers. To establish a strategy of educational incorporation to federal, state and municipal level that detects the children and teenagers out of the school, his permanency incorporates and guarantees them. To reduce in 50 % the rate of school desertion in the high school, as well as the nonattendance in the same educational level to less than 10% of the teenagers from 15 to 17 years.
How do you do? For the respect of the rigths of de children… … at your house? … at your school? … in your comiunity? … in your region? … in your contry? … in your continent? … in the word?