Presentation on theme: "Growth and Development"— Presentation transcript:
1 Growth and Development InfancyEarly ChildhoodMiddle ChildhoodAdolescent
2 Stages of Growth and Development Infancy1 month to 1 yearEarly ChildhoodToddler1-3 yearsMiddle ChildhoodPreschool3-5 yearsLate Childhood6-11 yearsAdolescent12-18 years
3 Principles of Growth and Development Growth refers to an increase in physical size of the whole body or any of its parts.Development refers to a progressive increase in skill and capacity of function.Rates and patterns of growth are specific to certain parts of the body.Growth and development are influenced by a multiple factors.Development continues throughout the individual's life span.
4 Growth PatternThe child’s pattern of growth occurs in a head-to-toe direction, or an inward to outward pattern
6 Infancy- 1month to 1 year Newborn: barely able to lift head 6 months: easily lifts head, can sit alone in the tripod position8 months old: can sit without support and engage in play
7 Infancy 9 month old: crawl 1 year: stand independently from a crawl position, some begin to walk.Weight triples, and height increases by 50 percentDuring this stage infants begin to develop trust.
8 Speech Milestones 1-2 months: coos 2-6 months: laughs and squeals 8-9 months babbles: mama/dada as sounds10-12 months: “mama/dada specific18-20 months: 20 to 30 words – 50% understood by strangers22-24 months: two word sentences, >50 words, 75% understood by strangers30-36 months: almost all speech understood by strangers
9 Early Childhood- toddler 1 year old: transfer objects from hand to hand2 year old: can hold a crayon and color vertical strokesTurn the page of a bookBuild a tower of six blocks3 year old: copy a circle and across – build using small blocks
10 Early Childhood- toddler The toddler's average weight gain is 3 to 5 lbs/year.During 1–3 years, the child's height increases by 1cm/month. (about 10 to 12.5 cm/year.)Children in this stage learn how to talk, walk, and potty train.
11 Middle Childhood- Preschool stage 4 year old: use scissors, color within the borders5 year old: write some letters and draw a person with body parts
12 Middle Childhood- Pre-School Weight: The preschooler gains approximately 3 lbs./year.Height: He/she doubles birth length by 4–5 years of age.Children in this stage enjoy playing make believe, and they are able to better coordinate their movements.
13 Late Childhood- 6 to 11 years During this stage Physical and mental skills improve.At 6–8 years, the school–age child:Rides a bicycle.Runs Jumps, climbs and hops.Has improved eye-hand coordination.Prints word and learn cursive writing.Can brush and comb hair.
14 Late Childhood- School Aged At 8–10 years:Throws balls skillfully.Uses to participate in organized sports.Uses both hands independently.Handles eating utensils (spoon, fork, knife) skillfully.At 10–12 years:Enjoy all physical activities.Continues to improve his motor coordination.
15 Late Childhood- School Age Weight:School–age child gains about lbs. g/year.Boys tend to gain slightly more weight through these years.Height:The child gains about 5cm/year.Body proportion during this period: Both boys and girls are long-legged..
16 Adolescent- 12 to 18 yearsAdolescence is a transition period from childhood to adulthood. Its is based on childhood experiences and accomplishments.During this stage teenagers gain independence, and they begin to challenge values.They become Critical of adult authorityRelies on peer relationshipMood swings especially in early adolescents
17 Adolescents- 12 to 18 years Weight: Growth spurt begins earlier in girls (10–14 years, while it is 12–16 in boys).Males gains 15 to 65 lbs., while female gains 15 to 55 lbs.Height:By the age of 13, most adolescent triple their birth length.Males gains 10 to 30cm in height.Females gains less height than males as they gain 5 to 20cm.
18 References:Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. (1999). Teen Health. New York, New York: Visual Education Corporation.Iqbal. (n.d.). Slide World. Retrieved from Growth and Development:Kennington, E. (2012, November 11). Growth and Development Knowledge. Bountiful, Utah, USA.