Breast milk…where does it come from? Prolactin Oxytocin Colostrum Foremilk Hindmilk Proteins Carbohydrates Fats Vitamins Recommended for first 6 months Recommended for first 6 months
Benefits for Mom Delay in return of ovulation Delay in return of ovulation Prolactin has protective qualities regarding breast cancer Prolactin has protective qualities regarding breast cancer Risk for Type II diabetes is decreased by up to 50% Risk for Type II diabetes is decreased by up to 50% Helps lose dangerous belly fat and other weight that was accumulated during pregnancy Helps lose dangerous belly fat and other weight that was accumulated during pregnancy
Benefits for Mom Important bonding time with child Important bonding time with child Decreased mealtime conflict between mother and child in later childhood Decreased mealtime conflict between mother and child in later childhood
Benefits for Baby Ideal food for babies Ideal food for babies Provides innate immunity Provides innate immunity Protection from infectious diseases Protection from infectious diseases Better cognitive development Better cognitive development
Benefits for Baby Breast-fed infants don’t suffer from constipation as regularly as formula-fed infants Compared to formula-fed infants, breast fed infants had proper growth and energy balance
Benefits for Baby Breast-fed infants have a decreased risk for obesity Breast-fed infants have a decreased risk for obesity http://www.healthjockey.com/2009/03/31/weight-gain-during- infancy-may-lead-to-obesity-in-childhood/
Study: Self-regulation and feeding mode Conducted from 2005-2007 Conducted from 2005-2007 1250 infants studied 1250 infants studied Purpose: What is the relationship between obesity and feeding mode? Purpose: What is the relationship between obesity and feeding mode? Questionnaires used to collect data in first year of infancy and later childhood Questionnaires used to collect data in first year of infancy and later childhood If emptied bottle or cup in later infant life, considered unable to self-regulate If emptied bottle or cup in later infant life, considered unable to self-regulate
Results of the exclusively breast-fed infants: 27% emptied the cup of the mixed-mode fed infants: 54% emptied the cup of the exclusively bottle-fed infants: 68% emptied the cup Additionally, exclusively breast-fed infants emptied the cup later in life
And so we can conclude…. Breast-fed infants are better self-regulators, thus less likely to overeat and become at risk for obesity. Thus breast feeding is possibly beneficial in the prevention of obesity.
Bottle feeding: Risks Mothers limit their interaction with their babies Mothers limit their interaction with their babies Formula preparation Formula preparation Plastic baby bottles that leach BPA Plastic baby bottles that leach BPA
Disadvantages of Breast Feeding inconvenience inconvenience not everyone can feed the baby not everyone can feed the baby lack of social acceptability lack of social acceptability limited ‘safe space’ for mothers to breast- feed limited ‘safe space’ for mothers to breast- feed discomfort discomfort pain, tenderness, and inflammation of the breasts pain, tenderness, and inflammation of the breasts
Disadvantages of Breast Feeding health of the mother health of the mother presence of drugs or alcohol presence of drugs or alcohol possibility of viral transmittance possibility of viral transmittance presence of chemical and environmental contaminants presence of chemical and environmental contaminants PCB, DDE PCB, DDE health of the infant health of the infant intolerances, deficiencies, weight intolerances, deficiencies, weight need for nutrient supplementation need for nutrient supplementation iron, fats, folates iron, fats, folates
Advantages of Bottle Feeding specific to infant’s dietary needs specific to infant’s dietary needs specialty formulas for babies that are born with metabolic conditions specialty formulas for babies that are born with metabolic conditions lactose-free formulas lactose-free formulas lactose intolerance or galactosemia lactose intolerance or galactosemia pre-mature formulas pre-mature formulas low-birth or premature infants low-birth or premature infants contain more proteins, vitamins, minerals contain more proteins, vitamins, minerals debatable - depends on the infant’s gestational age and overall health debatable - depends on the infant’s gestational age and overall health
Study Supporting Bottle Feeding compared folate content in human milk and casein-based and soya-based formulas compared folate content in human milk and casein-based and soya-based formulas higher folate and lower tHcy in formula- fed infants than human milk-fed infants at 5 months higher folate and lower tHcy in formula- fed infants than human milk-fed infants at 5 months infants fed on human milk consistently had the lowest folate intake while infants fed on soy-based formula had the highest folate intake infants fed on human milk consistently had the lowest folate intake while infants fed on soy-based formula had the highest folate intake
In Conclusion… Breastfeeding: gives baby innate immunity provides a good balance of nutrients positively impacts mother’s health difficult in today’s society
In Conclusion… Bottle feeding: viable alternative provide baby with as much nutrition when prepared correctly independent of the mother’s health be mindful about the bottles used know how to prepare and heat the formula
Decision? personal choice consider medical conditions be informed about whatever method you choose to use!
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Quitmeyer, Aimee, and Rebecca Roberts. "Babies, Bottles, and Bisphenol A: The Story of a Scientist-Mother." PLoS Biology 5.7 (2007): 1399. Web. Savino, Francesco, and Maria Maddalena Lupica. “Breast Milk: biological constituents for health and well-being in infancy” Recenti Progressi in Medicina 97.10 (2006): 519. Web. Young-Hee Han, Miyong Yon, Heon-Seok Han, Kwang-Yup Kim, Tsunenobu Tamura, Taisun H. Hyun. "Folate Contents in Human Milk and Casein-Based and Soya-Based Formulas, and Folate Status in Korean Infants." British Journal of Nutrition (2008): 1769. Web. Rogan WJ, Gladen BC. Study of human lactation for effects of environmental contaminants: the North Carolina Breast Milk and Formula Project and some other ideas. Environ Health Perspect. 1985;60:215– 221. Mennella JA, Garcia-Gomez PL (2001) Sleep disturbances after acute exposure to alcohol in mothers’ milk. Alcohol 25:153–158.
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