Presentation on theme: "Infancy and Childhood Infancy and Childhood. Study of Development Four Life-spans in development? 3 types of development? Two methods to study how people."— Presentation transcript:
Infancy and Childhood Infancy and Childhood
Study of Development Four Life-spans in development? 3 types of development? Two methods to study how people change? - Explain how they work. -Which is long and expensive? Two main issues for developmental psychologists: -a.)? -b.)?
Roles of Nature and Nurture Nature: Concept? 1. Example of maturation? 2. Explain the concept of “readiness.” 3. Explain the critical period. -Why is a young child able to learn a language better than an adult? 4. Arnold Gesell- a.) Date? b.) His beliefs? c.) Areas of focus? Nurture: Concept? John Locke- a.) Date? b.) His beliefs? c.) Who agreed? Factors influenced by nurture(environment)? What roles of development do today’s psychologist say maturation play a part in?
Stage vs Continuity Stages: Explain the concept of stages. Example? Famous theorist of stages? -His beliefs/field of study? -Explain the stage from infant to toddler. Continuity Explain the concept of continuity. Example? Famous theorist of continuity? His beliefs?
Physical Development What is a reflex? What changes show proof of physical development? Height and Weight 1.) When is the biggest development? 2.) What develops the 1 st eight weeks? 3.) Two stages? 4.) Developments in the fetal stage? 5.) Infancy- a.) Length of time? b.) Weight & Height within a year? 6.) Childhood- a.) Length of time? b.) Weight & Height within childhood? Motor Development Explain motor development. Stages or Continuity? How is it said that culture effects the development of a infant? Facts about reflexes? -Types of reflexes? -Rooting Reflex? -Survival Reflexes?
Video: Growing Life Physical Development -Effects of smoking and drinking? Cognitive Development -Stress effects? -Brain? -Jean Piaget? a.) Sensimotor & Concrete Operational? b.) Beliefs? -Boys vs Girls? -Learning numbers? Social Development -Attachment? -Child care? -
Physical Development Continued… Perceptual Development: What is perceptual development? How do nature and nurture play a role on infants? Explain the “visual cliff” case studies. Hearing effects? Smelling effects?
Social Development Explain the concept of social development. Factors of Social Development Attachment: 1.Concept? 2.Development? 3.Difference between Separation & Stranger Anxiety? 4. Secure and Insecure attachments? Styles of Parenting 1.Warm vs Cold? 2.Strict vs Permissive? Child Care: 1.Effects of child Care? 2. Effects of Nonparent Care? 3. Why more aggressive From child cared kids? Child Abuse and Neglect Physical Abuse? Define Neglect? Two reasons of abuse? Effects of abuse And neglect? Self-Esteem: Why important? 2. Types of Support? -Explain each? 3. Differences between Genders?
Cognitive Development 1. Concept of cognitive development? 2. Two famous psychologists? 3. Jean Piaget-(Dates?) -Why did he change his focus of study? -Two ways Piaget said humans organize new information? 1. Assimilation Concept? -Example? -How will children eventually learn? 2. Accommodation Concept? -Example? -Stages or continuity? 3. Piaget’s Four Stages?
Piaget’s Four Stages of Learning 1st: Sensorimotor Stage: Concept? 3 to 4months?(Actions) 4 to 8months? 8 to a year? Object permanence? -Example? Age sensorimotor stage end? 2 nd : Preoperational Stage: Concept? One-dimensional thinking? Law of Conservation? -Example? Egocentrism concept? -Example? Artificialism vs animism?
Piaget’s Four Stages of Learning Continued… 3 rd : Concrete-Operational stage: Concept? Age? Ways of thinking? Things they can understand? Egocentric? Why? 4 th : Formal Operational state: Concept? Capabilities? Example?