National Goals for Maternal and Infant Health Healthy People 2010 Progress Review (continued) –Improvement is seen in: The decline in infant mortality rates for Hispanics, Whites, and American Indians A decreased incidence of spina bifida An increase in breastfeeding by women in all race and ethnic groups A continued decline in cigarette smoking during pregnancy
Healthy Babies A baby grows faster during the first year of life than ever again. A baby’s birthweight doubles during the first 4 to 6 months and triples by the end of the first year. Adequate nutrition is critical to support this rapid growth and development.
Primary Nutrition-Related Problems of Infancy Iron Deficiency –Iron deficiency can be prevented by: Breastfeeding If not breastfeeding, using iron-fortified formula for the first year of life Adding appropriate foods between the ages of 4 and 6 months
Domestic Maternal and Infant Nutrition Programs The WIC Program –WIC stands for Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children. –Provides supplemental foods to infants, children up to age five, and pregnant, breastfeeding, and non- breastfeeding postpartum women.
Domestic Maternal and Infant Nutrition Programs – WIC WIC foods include the following: –Iron-fortified infant formula and infant cereal. –Iron-fortified breakfast cereal. –Vitamin C-rich fruit or vegetable juice. –Eggs, milk, cheese, and peanut butter or dried beans and peas.
Domestic Maternal and Infant Nutrition Programs – WIC WIC Works –WIC has been described as one of the most efficient programs undertaken by government... –...but it is not an entitlement program and can only serve as many people as its annual appropriation from Congress permits.