Presentation on theme: "Cyber-Bullying Julie Gagne Scott Hartstein Christine Indelli"— Presentation transcript:
1Cyber-Bullying Julie Gagne Scott Hartstein Christine Indelli Donna KruegerGena KvistEDUC 5011November, 2007
2I c ui know where u live and how toget to u when u r alonei have a knife
3Jason112:u r gayBobbyD211:i m not!Jason112:i saw u with TimJason112:im telling everyone that u r gay
415 year-old girl from Canada: “Just last week on MSN, we were talking to one of our friends and she added somebody else on line. We were having a three-way conversation and the other person was so racist to us. We got mad and we started writing bad stuff back, because we thought we knew who it was. But she wouldn’t stop swearing and stuff, and she wouldn’t stop being racist. I deleted the person right after and blocked them and all that. Now, I’m more careful.”
515 year-old girl from the United Kingdom: "One of my friends started hassling me on msn messenger; she was sending me nasty messages and text messages and this carried on at school. I told my parents, my friends, and a teacher. She was spoken to a few times but it still carries on a bit now but not as bad because i have blocked her online. This really affected me at home and at school; I couldn't concentrate on school work and I was always upset and down now I just ignore it and get on with it, I have plenty more friends and i don't need her anymore. Maybe one day she will give up and grow up."
617 year-old girl from Pennsylvania: “I had recently picked on a old friend of mine, for what I will not reveal because it was unusually cruel, however she had done something to me that was equally as wrong or if not worse. I was disappointed in her, and for that I decided not to be a friend any longer and spread her deepest secrets to everyone, which made her look like a complete fool. I felt somewhat guilty because I had known her for years, at the same time it was a pay back and I think she learned from it some when it comes to attempting to mess around with me.”
7“Well the only reason I bullied is because the same person I was doing 15 year-old boy from undisclosed location:“Well the only reason I bullied is because the same person I was doingit to, did it to me like a week before.It wasn't the right thing to do butat the time it felt like I wasgetting revenge.”
813-year-old Ryan Halligan of Vermont was insulted, taunted, and threatenedfor months.A cyber-bully spread rumors that he was gay.A popular girl pretended that she liked him, then shared Ryan’s messages with her friends.Ryan killed himself.
9Have You Ever… Signed on with someone else’s screen name to An Internet safety website asks:Have You Ever…Signed on with someone else’s screen name togather info?Sent an or online greeting card fromsomeone’s account?Impersonated someone over IM or online?Teased or frightened someone over IM?Not told someone who you really are online,telling them to “guess”?Forwarded a private IM conversation orwithout the permission of the other person?
10Changed your profile or away message designed to embarrass or frighten someone?Posted pictures or information about someone ona Web site without their consent?Created an Internet poll, either over IM or on aWeb site, about someone without their consent?Used information found online to follow, tease, embarrassor harass someone in person?Sent rude or scary things to someone, even if you werejust joking?Used bad language online?Signed someone else up for something online withouttheir permission?
11Used an IM or e-mail address that looked like someone else’s? Used someone else’s password for any reasonwithout their permission?Hacked into someone else’s computer or senta virus or Trojan horse to them?Insulted someone in an interactive game room?Posted rude things or lies about someone online?Voted at an online bashing poll or posted to aguestbook saying rude or mean things?From
13What is Cyber-Bullying? Cyber-bullying is when a child, preteen or teen is tormented, threatened, harassed, humiliated, embarrassed or otherwise targeted by another child, preteen or teen using the Internet, interactive and digital technologies or mobile phones.
14Cyber-bullying, which is sometimes referred to as online social cruelty or electronic bullying, can involve:Sending mean, vulgar, or threatening messages or images;Posting sensitive, private information about another person;Pretending to be someone else in order to make that personlook bad;Intentionally excluding someone from an online groupChildren and youth can cyber-bully each other through:s,Instant messaging,Text or digital imaging messages sent on cell phones,Web pages,Web logs (blogs),Chat rooms or discussion groups, andOther information communication technologies
16How Prevalent is Cyber-Bullying? I-Safe America, an Internet safety education foundation, conducted a survey of 1566 students between fourth and eighth grade to find out their experiences with online bullying. The survey found:57% of students said that someone had said hurtful or angry things to them online with 13% saying it happens “quite often”53% of students admit to saying mean or hurtful things to someone online with 5% saying it happens “quite often”42% have been bullied online with 7% saying it happens “quite often”20% have received mean or threatening s58% have not told their parents or another adult about their experiences online”
17Why Do Kids Cyber-Bully? To tormentTo enhance social standingDidn’t think before they clicked “send”To feel powerfulTo right a wrongThey’re angryFrustratedBoredWant revengeFor laughsBy accidentTo get a reaction
18What Kinds of Kids are Cyber-Bullies? “Vengeful Angels”“Power-Hungry” or “Revenge of the Nerds”“Mean Girls”“Inadvertent Cyber-bullies”
19“Vengeful Angels” Don’t see themselves as cyber-bullies Feel they are righting wrongsMay be protecting someone else being who is being bulliedWork alone, but may let close friends knowHelp them understand that they are bullies,not do-goodersAddress the original injusticeShow them other ways to address wrongs,such as consulting peer counselors andschool administrators
20“Power-Hungry” “Revenge of the Nerds” Have better technical skillsOften victims of offline bullyingEmpowered by anonymityKeep activities secretDon’t feel they are doing serious damageWant to show that they are powerfulControl otherswith fearNeed anaudienceand reaction
21“Mean Girls” Usually a group of girls targeting other girls Immature and ego-basedLooking for entertainmentNeed an audienceBullying grows with group admiration and silent by-standersCan stop if bullies don’t get “entertained”
22“Inadvertent Cyber-Bullies” Don’t consider themselves bulliesPretend to be tough onlineReact impulsively to provocative messages“Because I Can”May send messages to friends as jokeWork aloneAre surprised to be called cyber-bullies
23How Victims Feel Humiliated Afraid Helpless Harassed Anxious, especially if they cannot identify perpetratorDespondent, since they cannot escape cyber-bullying by retreating to their homes
25Victim Warning Signs Becomes antisocial Mood swings Spends a lot of timeon computerNightmares/trouble sleepingOther unusualbehaviorMood swingsFeels unwellDepressed/cries without reasonFalls behind inhomework
26What Can Students Do?Don’t give out usernames, passwords, and personal informationTell a parent, school counselor or teacherDon’t delete messagesRecord the time and dateReport it to your phone company or ISP providerBlock the senderCall the police if messages are threateningDon’t replyDon’t open a message if you don’t know the senderChange your address or cell phone number
27What Can Parents Do?Know how and when your children are using the InternetEncourage your child to talk to you if they are being bullied, or if they know someone who isDevelop a family agreement includingWhere kids can go online and what they can do thereHow much time they spend on the InternetWhat to do if anything makes them uncomfortableHow to protect their personal information, stay safe in interactive environments, and behave ethically and responsibly online
28What Can Parents Do? Keep the lines of communication open Become more tech savvyInstall blocking or filtering software or tracking programsLearn some common chat abbreviationsLOL – laughing out loudSETE – smiling ear to earPAW – parents are watchingTILII – tell it like it isWTGP? – want to go private?YBS – you’ll be sorryTOY – thinking of youLY4E – love ya foreverEG – evil grinDQMOT – don’t quote me on thisBTDT – been there, done thatA/S/L? – age, sex, location?Chat abbreviations can be found at
29Parent/Teenager “Scripts” to Promote Dialogue and Discussion What Can Parents Do?Parent/Teenager “Scripts” to Promote Dialogue and DiscussionCyber-bullying on Social Networking SitesCyber-bullying viaCyber-bullying via Cell Phone Text Message
30Other Questions to Promote Dialogue Are other kids picking on you online? If so, how?Is it via , or chat, or instant message, or on MySpace or similar sites?Does it just happen once in a while, or is it a constant problem?Do you get concerned that people will read what others have written about you online and think it's true?Did you know that physical and personal threats online are against the law and are a crime, just like offline threats?Has any online argument also popped up offline, maybe at school or when you're hanging out with your friends?
31What Can Schools Do? Teach students: To be accountable for actions Don’t stand by while others are being bulliedTake time to calm down before respondingCyber-bullying can get you in trouble with the lawTalk to a trusted adult
32What Can Schools Do? Zero tolerance for bullying in any form Ensure that students are aware that all bullying concerns will be dealt with sensitively and effectivelyEnsure that parents expressing bullying concerns will have them taken seriouslyDevelop school policies for acceptable Internet and cell phone use, and enforce them
33What Can Schools Do? Acceptable use policies Signed by both students and parentsSpecify that school can act when safety or welfare of a student is at riskCover actions taken outside of school hours and off school groundsShould be written by school board attorney or cyberspace-expert attorney
34“Talk About It”Anonymous online messaging and emergency notification service for schoolsStudents communicate via the Internet their own problems or the troubles of other schoolmates and peersStudents report problems and incidents ranging from bullying, gangs, threats of violence, suicide and cheating to drug and alcohol abuse, pregnancy, depression, stress, physical abuse, self-mutilation, sexual harassment and date rapeEmpowers faculty with an ‘early warning system’ so that they may proactively communicate, intervene and resolve school violence before it can occurDeveloped by Ancomm, Inc.$2,995 per year for one school
35Rehabilitation for Cyber-Bullies Intervention that focuses on self-controlLead bully toward feeling ashamed of behaviorCooperative learning teamsAnonymous feedback of social skills provided by peer evaluationsSelf-evaluationsEmpathy-building exercisesExamples of civil ways to cope with frustration and conflictActivities that require patience, self-restraint, and nonviolent anger expressionSetting goals with reasonable plan for improvementAcceptance of responsibility for personal misconduct
36An Interview with a Parent Who were the people involved in the incident?The student who was bullied was an African American girl named Paige. Both of the students who were the bullies are Caucasian, one male and one female. They all attend school in Oak Park / River Forest.Could you describe the incident?The bullies created a MySpace page entitled “Nigger Bitch”. The contents proceeded to explain various sexual acts that she loves to perform. The page gave her name, age, the school that she attends, and her picture. When Paige found out, the contents had been posted for three months. During this time students were freely viewing My Space pages in the school computer lab, including the page created by the bullies.
37What actions followed the incident? Paige’s parents contacted the school superintendent. By working with the people at My Space, they were able to get the page removed and learn the identity of the students responsible. Paige’s parents contacted the parents of the bullies and asked them to have their children publicly apologize to the student body for what they had done. They refused, as the bullies denied creating the page even though there was evidence against them.
38What actions did the school take? The bullies were given two days of “In school suspension.” Since this is served during the regular school day, many students had no idea that any disciplinary action had been taken. This caused another problem. When an African American male student came across the male bully in the locker room, he pulled a knife on the student. Fortunately, he was not hurt, and the student with the knife was expelled.
39Do you feel this racial incident could have been avoided? Yes - I feel if the students involved were forced to make a public apology explaining that it’s wrong to make racial slurs, and why it’s wrong, this incident could have been avoided.What was the outcome of this case?The students involved were charged and found guilty of a felony hate crime. The bullies were each given 18 months probation, and required to serve 40 hours in sensitivity training. To this day, Paige still worries that a predator might find out were she goes to school. Students need to be aware of the far reaching effects that cyber-bullying can have. Additionally, schools need to be more in tune with what’s going on within their walls. After the incident the school blocked access to My Space in the computer lab.
40A Final ThoughtIn fiction, Harry Potter used his magical powers to deal with Dudley, his bullying cousin.We do not have magic to help stop cyber-bullying.We do have creativity and persistence.New, effective methods must be foundto protect students from being bullied.Dumbledore, the Headmaster of Hogwarts School,urged the young wizard Harry to remember,"It is our choices, Harry, that show what we truly are,far more than our abilities."
41References Journal Articles: Keith, Susan, Martin, Michelle E. (2005) Cyber-Bullying: Creating a Culture of Respect in a Cyber World, Reclaiming Children and Youth: The Journal of Strength-based Interventions, Vol. 13, p. 224.Strom, Paris S., Strom, Robert D. (2005) Cyberbullying by Adolescents: A Preliminary Assessment, The Educational Forum, Fall 2005, Vol. 7, pWebsites:stopbullyingnow.hrsa.gov