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Chapter 15: Reconstruction, 1865—1877

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1 Chapter 15: Reconstruction, 1865—1877
iClicker Questions for America’s History, Seventh Edition and America: A Concise History, Fifth Edition

2 1. Congress passed the Fourteenth Amendment to
end slavery. forbid the states from denying any citizen the right to vote. embarrass President Johnson. provide constitutional protection for African American civil rights.

3 2. Andrew Johnson was impeached as president on the charge that he
was a traitor to his party. had overstepped his powers when he instituted his own version of Reconstruction in 1865. had condoned violations of the civil rights of blacks by allowing ex-Confederates back into the government and thus violated his presidential oath to protect and defend the Constitution of the United States. had violated the Tenure of Office Act.

4 3. Republicans in the South were composed of a coalition of
northern army officers, southern ex- slaveholders, and southern blacks. northern army officers, nonslave-owning southern whites, and southern blacks. former southern and northern Democrats. northern blacks, southern Democrats, and abolitionists.

5 4. Freedmen asserted their independence by doing all of the following except:
building schools. recording marriages that had been unrecognized under slavery. keeping women out of field work. insisting on becoming part of white churches.

6 5. Sharecropping developed as an agricultural system
by a decree of the Freedmen’s Bureau. by way of strained, need-based negotiations between landlords (ex-Confederates) and freedmen. because of the uncompromising demands of freedmen. through the adoption by blacks of long-held, northern tenant farming practices.

7 6. The odds were stacked against freedmen sharecroppers primarily because
farms were too small to make a profit. they had to borrow money to survive until their first crop came in, but the returns on cotton production were too low to pay off their debts. sharecroppers moved around frequently, thus adding to their costs. landlords and merchants illegally charged high interest rates and increased prices.

8 7. The majority of African Americans who emerged as political leaders during the period of Republican rule in the South were members of the free black southern elite. former field hands. escaped slaves returning to the South. free blacks from the North.

9 8. Republican governments across the South fell one by one to Democrats in the mid-1870s primarily because they were unable to diversify agricultural production and were voted out of office. ex-Confederate politicians, using demagoguery and terrorism, silenced the black and Republican vote. they lost the support of northern politicians. black politicians were unable to lead effectively.

10 9. “Scalawag” refers to a southern white who
denounced Reconstruction. joined the Ku Klux Klan. supported the Democratic Party. supported Reconstruction.

11 10. The ultimate legacy of Reconstruction was
failure and bitterness that would simmer for generations. the solid foundation of a new version of the South. the passage of three constitutional amendments that would enable African Americans in later generations to fight for their rights. the rise of an activist government in reforming American society.

12 Answer is D Answer is B Answer is A Answer is C
Answer Key for Chapter 15 Answer is D Answer is B Answer is A Answer is C

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