2 Today’s Agenda Finish up “The Story of an Hour” by Kate Chopin irony plotconflictImageryQuizOBJECTIVE:Students will identify examples of imagery, irony, and conflict in “The Story of an Hour” and supply textual evidence.
3 Check Homework 18 points ~13 questions ~3 examples of IRONY ~2 examples of CONFLICTCheck Homework
4 Why did Louise die? A Really Silly Video Period 2 already saw this during lesson 38A Really Silly Video
5 IRONY SITUATIONAL VERBAL DRAMATIC SITUATIONAL VERBAL DRAMATIC “Someone was opening the front door with a latchkey. It was Brently Mallard who entered…”Neither the reader nor Mrs. Mallard knows that Mr. Mallard is actually alive; Mrs. Mallard had just begun to look forward to leading a long life and then she dies..VERBAL“Free! Body and soul free!”After learning her husband died, we would not expect her to respond with these words.DRAMATICShe died of “a joy that kills.”The reader knows that she was HAPPY that her husband was dead. She was not so happy to see him walk through the door. There was no joy present.SITUATIONALVERBALDRAMATICSITUATIONAL – NEITHER THE READER NOR MRS MALLARD KNOWS THAT MR MALLARD IS ACTUALLY ALIVE; MRS MALLARD HAS JUST BEGUN TO LOOK FORWARD TO LEADING A LONG LIFE AND THEN SHE DIES;DRAMATIC IRONY – THE READER KNOWS THAT THE MRS MALLARD IS HAPPY THAT HER HUSBAND IS DEAD BUT THE CHARACTERS DO NOT
6 CONFLICT INTERNAL EXTERNAL INTERNAL CONFLICT EXTERNAL CONFLICT “…she was striving to beat it back with her will…”Mrs. Mallard was fighting against the feeling of relief that was taking her over. She knew she should not feel relieved that her husband was dead and she tried to keep that feeling away.EXTERNAL CONFLICTMrs. Mallard v. Institution of MarriageINTERNALEXTERNALINTERNAL – MRS MALLARD IS HAPPY THAT HER HUSBAND IS DEADEXTERNAL – MR MALLARD AND MR MALLARD
8 1st Person Point of View 1st person pronouns Character in the story Learn character’s thoughts and feelingsMay be unreliableThe truth was, I was sorry not to have started school the year before. In my innocence I had imagined going to school meant certain privileges worthy of all my brothers’ and sister’s complaints.
9 3rd Person Limited 3rd person pronouns Told from one character’s viewpoint/learn only that character’s thoughts and feelingsSally had dreamed that the tiny Daniel, who lay in her arms at this moment, had turned into a burning torch that set all of Avon aflame. The old woman, a dream prophet, had then said that a terrible end would come to Avon if the baby were allowed to live.
10 3rd Person Omniscient All-knowing Can enter the minds of the charactersCan describe what all characters are thinking and feelingColleen gazed longingly out the window, noticing the blue sky and bright sun. She sighed wistfully -- a perfect day out. Next to her, Michael fidgeted in his seat feeling restless. He wondered how time could move so slowly.
11 3rd Person Objective Never enters a character’s mind Records only what is seen and heardAllows inferences to be made by the readersIt was a record-breaking snowfall. The wind gusts blew violently, swirling the snow around and making visibility nearly impossible. A red car slowly inched out of the driveway and proceeded down the road.
12 What Point of View?For a moment, my mother seemed to hesitate. He mouth softened and a line deepened between her eyebrows. We stepped in the night and started walking down the mountain in the direction of town, 10 miles away.1st
13 What Point of View?So far so good, Jake thought. This girl was bugged by cursing and smoking. He had news for her. He intended to do a whole lot of both. He took a long drag on his cigarette and blew the smoke at her again. She turned away and moved down to the other end of the porch steps.3rd limited
14 What Point of View?His mind seesawed miserably to and from between the opposite and irreconcilable facts, and he found himself hating Peri for having had the stupid brilliant idea in the first place.3rd limited
15 What Point of View?The house had that neglected air, as if no one had stepped foot inside for years. The paint was peeling, the garden overgrown and a pile of yellowing newspapers blocked the entrance to the front door.objective
16 What Point of View?Kate gave Jeff a withering glance. The top math student in the class, he never missed an opportunity to embarrass Kate or put her down. Only that day he had made a fool of her by deliberately drawing the teacher’s attention to her when he knew she wasn’t listening.omniscient
17 Review: Point of View (1st, 3rd objective, 3rd limited, or 3rd omniscient) Charlie likes Sam but just wants her to be happy, so he keeps quiet. Sam wonders why Charlie just won’t ask her out.TRUE! nervous, very, very dreadfully nervous I had been and am; but why WILL you say that I am mad? Hearken! and observe how healthily, how calmly, I can tell you the whole story.John laughed hollowly. “You’re joking,” he said. The neon light flickered on his face, turning it a ghastly yellow. Veronica shook her head slowly. Her fingers were busy shredding her tear-stained paper tissue. “I’m not joking. It’s all true.” John stood up and banged his fist against the wall, hard, once. He was shaking his head in disbelief. “I’ll have to leave now,” he said, his voice terse.Marshall won the bet, and now he gets to slap Barney three times. Marshall decides not to slap Barney right away but to make him suffer in fear and anxiety for awhile. Eventually, Marshall slaps Barney after his awful one-man play.Omniscient1stObjective Objective-tells what happens without stating more than can be inferred from the story's action and dialogue. The narrator never discloses anything about what the characters think or feel, remaining a detached observer.Subjective- A narrator who is also part of the story. Often this means they impose their opinions and beliefs onto (or over) the events of the storyLimited
18 POINT OF VIEW PRACTICE 1st person: Mrs. Mallard’s reaction when she finds out her husband is dead.Mrs. Mallard’s reaction when she learns he is alive3rd person from her husband’s point of view
20 Journal #2 ImageryHow does Chopin’s use of IMAGERY contribute to your understanding of Mrs. Mallard’s character and situation? Did the IMAGERY make you more or less sympathetic toward her? Explain, citing specific lines from the story that influenced your response.THE SIGHTS AND SOUNDS FROM HER WINDOW ARE IMAGES OF LIFE, HOPE, PROMISE, AND FREEDOM; THEY SUPPORT HER YEARNING FOR FREEDOM BECAUSE THESE IMAGES ARE ALL OUTSIDE AND DISTANT. THESE IMAGES SUGGEST THAT FREEDOM IS A NATURAL RIGHT, MAKING HER ASPIRATIONS MORE SYMPATHETIC