Presentation on theme: "Psychology of Personal Decision-Making #1 #2 #3. Frame of reference is damn important : EX: waterfalls and the desert Sorrow and difficulty lower."— Presentation transcript:
Psychology of Personal Decision-Making #1 #2 #3
Frame of reference is damn important : EX: waterfalls and the desert Sorrow and difficulty lower the bar Simple things enable us to better appreciate life E.g. – losing a limb Good fortune/comfort raises the reference point Comforts which used to give us pleasure are needed to remain neutral or avoid pain Cost to pleasure and benefit in pain Moving up is NOT as important as moving down
Usually this means you’ve got more work to do!
Use your values (one at a time) to come up with different alternatives Get more this way Also higher quality #1 #2 #3
Helps when your values are SPECIFIC Focus on values which eliminate greatest number of alternatives EX: buying a new laptop affordability Focus on the most important values Rank order if necessary ▪ Carrying Weight – 1 ▪ Battery Life – 2 ▪ Performance – 3
Get clear about where you want to BE or GO and then work backwards EXERCISE: Speeding up time to work backwards!
Imagine 200 years from now your very great grandchildren find an article about you in the Wikipedia. What does that article say about you? What kind of person were you? What did you do with your life?
Think about attributes of alternatives Get more alternatives!
4 sisters bereave death of a millionaire 3 of them get $330,000 apiece in gold, the fourth gets $10,000 worth of stamps Sister is pissed, what to do? Embarrass sisters Seek assistance of Italians Sue
Beware the FAE! Thermostat was too low!
Focus on situations, not people’s dispositions More EX: Electroshock, Prison Guards, Nazis, etc.
Make use of what is around you to come up with novel alternatives Objects – tree stumps People – sages nearby Career choices: ▪ “types of jobs near here” ▪ “income potential” SWOT Analysis
We been here before: - Importance - Uncertainty + Hope More coming in “uncertainty” (of course)
Group many competing alternatives into larger buckets EX: School choices Decide on those buckets instead Eliminate lots of confusing info that way! Sub-Problems What do you want your wedding to accomplish? Break apart and conquer
Criteria: At least 2 alternatives (preferably more) Mutually exclusive ▪ ONE path, not meandering into another possible solution at the same time Substantially differing alternatives
Ask: What is “good” about this stupid idea? Avoid negative criticism ▪ Simply stops thoughts Try keeping your thought stream open
Stupid Idea “Stepping Stone” Don’t Judge Only Positive Thoughts Potential Solution Evaluate Solutions Positive and Negative Thoughts
Values analysis Work backward to alternatives Attribute analysis Can you combine to create “win-win”? Causal analysis Asking “Why” 5 times Resource analysis What alternatives could be in the immediate environment?
Break into teams of 5 Choose a recorder Choose a moderator Moderator makes sure people DON’T evaluate! Keep it sequential – can say “pass” Keep it playful! Doodle, make airplanes, smile
Functional fixation… is bad. Pick one! 25 uses a cardboard boxa towel a naila sheet of paper a spoona fan a roll of adding machine papera ball point pen the yellow pagesan inner tube a candlethree feet of Scotch tape popsicle sticksa plastic drinking glass a toothpicka marble old newspapersball bearings that aren't round worn out automobile tiresnon-returnable soda bottles tons of broken rubber bands)pencils
How to heat a house more efficiently How to light a house with a single bulb
80 million roundish ball bearings “What can I do with 80 million of these?” Roundish, heavy, metal, smooth, shiny, hard, magnetizable “What can I do with 80 million things”? ▪ Conduct electricity ▪ Magnetize them ▪ Melt em’ ▪ Make tools with them
Attribute discovery checklist: Physical: color, weight, material, speed, odor, size Psychological: appearance, symbolism, emotion (“happy smell of detergent”) Functional: intended use, how it does what it does People: who’s involved?
List the attributes as before Under each attribute, list all alternatives you can think of Choose an alternative from each column and assemble choices into a new idea. Rinse and repeat!
stick onflesh coloredplasticrectangulargauzed magneticred or greenclothroundmedicated tie onflower patternpapertriangularcellulose glue ontransparentTyvekoctagonsawdust paint onblackmetalsquareplastishred velcrowords (ouch)woodtrapezoidplastic clamp onstripesrubberanimalscotton EX: Develop a better band-aid Current attributes are in bold below:
Improve your date night Improve your relationship with your sig. other Improve your desk job
Beach Jalepeno House Car Pool Bison Rock Scissors
How can I find a job? How can student afford travel? How can management improve the store? The store is being hurt by competition. Clerk helping customer How can student improve writing ability? How can society solve drug problem?