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21st Century College English: Book 3 Unit 7: Part B.

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2 21st Century College English: Book 3 Unit 7: Part B

3 Revision of Text A Revision of Text A Revision of Text A Revision of Text A Reading Analysis Reading AnalysisReading AnalysisReading Analysis Structured Writing Structured WritingStructured WritingStructured Writing Listening Practice Listening PracticeListening PracticeListening Practice Assignment AssignmentAssignment So What’s So Bad about Being So-So?

4 1.Dictation Dictation 2.Assignment Checkup StructureStructureStructure ClozeClozeCloze TranslationTranslationTranslation Revision of Text A

5 Dictation! You are going to hear 5 sentences. Each will be read three times. Write down the sentences according to the dictation Check-up Dictation

6 Key to Dictation: 1.Ambition, drive and the desire to excel are all great within limits, but I don’t know where the limits are anymore. 2.As far as sports enthusiasts are concerned, if you don’t have the latest shoes you are hopelessly committed to embarrassing yourself. 3.My performance would make any serious music student weep, but I don’t care. 4.I can tell you from experience that a homemade cake still tastes pretty good even if it doesn’t look perfect. 5.In today’s competitive world we have to be “experts” even in our hobbies. Dictation

7 Structure 《读写教程 III 》 Ex. X, p. 209 《读写教程 III 》 : Ex. X, p. 209

8 Structure e.g.It’s time we put a stop to all this. The phrase it’s time and it’s high time can be followed by a subject + V-ed. The meaning of the whole sentence is present. e.g.It’s high time I lost some weight. = I should lose some weight now. = We should put an end to all this now.

9 Complete the following sentences with the proper forms of the verbs in brackets. Structure 1.It’s time the children __________ (go) to bed.  went 2.It’s high time you __________ (wash) your trousers. 3.It’s time we __________ (take) a coffee break.  washed  took

10 Complete the following sentences with the proper forms of the verbs in brackets. Structure 4.It’s high time we __________ (do) something about air pollution.  did 5.It’s high time university administrations __________ (realize) what huge pressure students are facing these days.  realized

11 《读写教程 III 》 :Ex. XI, p. 209 《读写教程 III 》 : Ex. XI, p. 209 Cloze

12 Select the most appropriate word from the four choices given. The choice “0” means that no additional word is appropriate. Cloze

13 Last year I read a frightening study that showed that pre-school and kindergarten children no longer believe they can sing songs. Little children have l)_____ got the impression that the definition of song is “what you hear 2)_____ singing on the radio”. And when teachers try to 3)_____ these children that they 4)_____ sing, the kids just don’t see the point. Why should they struggle to perform a 5)_____ version that only theft mothers could possibly love? It’s so much easier to buy a CD and hear someone do it really 1. A.in some wayB.in some ways C.somehowD.somewhat 2.A.professions B.professional C.professionally D.professionals 3.A.convinceB.confront C.discourageD.encourage 4.A.are as able toB.can as well C.can tooD.too can 5.A.graceful B.graceless C.incompetence D.incompetent C. somehow D. professionals A. convince D. too can B. graceless Cloze

14 well! Their logic is hard to argue 6)_____ — and it’s a direct result of our society’s 7)_____ with competence. Pleasure is no longer the aim of our 8)_____ activities; in fact no one even sees anything pleasant 9)_____ doing something less than perfectly well. This is crazy. And it’s l0)_____ a terrible toll. Not only l1)_____ depriving ourselves of creative satisfaction and l2)_____ our children from finding joy in l3)_____ they can do themselves — we’re also destroying our artists. In a world 6.A.atB. for C.withD. 0 7.A. addictionB. enthusiasm C. enthusiastD. obsession 8.A. enthusiastB. hobby C. leisureD. pastime 9.A. at B. by C. in D A. doingB. having C. makingD. taking 11.A. are weB. have we C. it isD. we are 12.A. competingB. committing C. deprivingD. discouraging 13. A. thatB. what C. whichD. 0 C. with D. obsession C. leisure C. in D. taking A. are we D. discouraging B. what Cloze

15 In a world l4)_____ we expect all our art to be supplied l5)_____ highly competent professionals, the pressure on the professionals becomes too great to bear. l6)_____ the number of musicians and artists who suffer from drug addiction, alcoholism or even commit suicide because of the pressures of keeping l7)_____ our demands for more and better music, art, books and movies to enjoy in our l8)_____ time. We are l9)_____ our artists with our refusal to entertain 20)_____ ourselves in our own incompetent ways. 14. A. thatB. what C. whenD. where 15.A. byB. us by C. with us byD A. Consider B. Considering C. Considerable D. Given 17.A. on inB. up C. up withD. with 18.A. hobbyB. leisure C. recreationD. pastime 19.A. slaughteringB. stumbling C. squeezingD. wrecking 20.A. as B. byC. forD. 0 D. where A. by A. Consider C. up with B. leisure A. slaughtering D. 0 Cloze

16 Translation TranslationTranslation  Ex. XII Ex. XII Ex. XII  Ex. XIII Ex. XIII Ex. XIII

17 Translation — English to Chinese Ex. XII, p. 210 《读写教程 III 》 : Ex. XII, p. 210

18 Unfortunately, doing things badly has gone out of style. It used to be a mark of class if a lady or a gentleman sang a little, painted a little, played the violin a little. You didn’t have to be good at it; the point was to be fortunate enough to have the leisure time for such pursuits. But in today’s competitive world we have to be “experts” even in our hobbies. Translation — English to Chinese Unfortunately, doing things badly has gone out of style. It used to be a mark of class if a lady or a gentleman sang a little, painted a little, played the violin a little. You didn’t have to be good at it; the point was to be fortunate enough to have the leisure time for such pursuits. But in today’s competitive world we have to be “experts” even in our hobbies. 遗憾的是, “ 三脚猫 ” 已经过时了。 Unfortunately, doing things badly has gone out of style. It used to be a mark of class if a lady or a gentleman sang a little, painted a little, played the violin a little. You didn’t have to be good at it; the point was to be fortunate enough to have the leisure time for such pursuits. But in today’s competitive world we have to be “experts” even in our hobbies. 过去那是一种有地位的标志 问题是你很幸运。能有这一份闲情逸致。

19 Translation — Chinese to English Ex. XIII, p. 211 《读写教程 III 》 : Ex. XIII, p. 211

20 As long as you enjoy your hobby, you don ’ t have to feel ashamed of being so-so. It doesn ’ t matter what others think of you. Translation — Chinese to English 1. 只要你喜欢你的业余爱好,那么你不必因为自己水平一般 而感到羞愧。别人怎么看你无关紧要。 hobby so-so feel ashamed (of)

21 Money is becoming a big deal in competitive sports, but we must make sure that it doesn ’ t get in the way of what ’ s important. Translation — Chinese to English 2. 金钱在竞技体育中正显出其重要性,但我们必须确保它 不会影响一些重要的东西。 competitive sports make sure get in the way (of)

22 We all need some form of exercise every now and then to keep ourselves in good shape. Translation — Chinese to English 3. 我们都需要不时地锻炼来使自己保持身体健康。 now and then keep oneself in good shape

23 I ’ ve said over and over it ’ s time you tidied up your room, but you keep putting it off. Translation — Chinese to English 4. 我一再说该是你整理你自己房间的时候了,但你老是拖着。 over and over it’s time … tidy up your room put (it) off

24 He only took up painting a couple of years ago, so his technique isn ’ t up to professional standards. Can you give him some instruction? Translation — Chinese to English 5. 一两年前他才开始学画画,所以技法还未达到专业水准。 你能给他指点指点吗? technique professional standards give him some instruction

25 Health experts are trying to discourage people from smoking by informing them of its dangers. Translation — Chinese to English 6. 健康专家试图通过宣传吸烟的种种害处来使人们戒烟。 inform sb. of its dangers discourage people from smoking

26 Being committed to your job is fine, of course, but you shouldn ’ t let work eat up all your leisure time. Translation — Chinese to English 7. 敬业是好的,但是不能让工作蚕食了你的全部休闲时间。 be committed to one’s job eat up all your leisure time

27 As far as I ’ m concerned, both jobs and hobbies should be seriously considered. Translation — Chinese to English 8. 对于我来说,工作和业余爱好都必须严肃认真地对待。 As far as I ’ m concerned be seriously considered

28 Reading Analysis Look at the following chart about this argumentative writing. The central theme is that there is nothing bad about enjoying one’s hobbies and being somewhat familiar with but not necessarily professionally competent in them. Reading Analysis

29 I. Author’s point of view with her personal experience I. Author’s point of view with her personal experience I. Author’s point of view with her personal experience I. Author’s point of view with her personal experience II.Examples to illustrate how people have to train themselves to be professional II.Examples to illustrate how people have to train themselves to be professional II.Examples to illustrate how people have to train themselves to be professional II.Examples to illustrate how people have to train themselves to be professional III. The terrible result of taking a serious attitude towards recreation III. The terrible result of taking a serious attitude towards recreation III. The terrible result of taking a serious attitude towards recreation III. The terrible result of taking a serious attitude towards recreation The structure of Text A Paras. 1~4 Paras. 5~9 Para. 10 III. The author’s viewpoint III. The author’s viewpoint III. The author’s viewpoint III. The author’s viewpoint Paras. 11~12 Reading Analysis

30 I. Author’s point of view with her personal experience (From one specific example to the general thesis) I. Author’s point of view with her personal experience (From one specific example to the general thesis) A specific example of the author’s poor piano-playing. A general statement: The author is not ashamed of her incompetence in her hobbies; instead she enjoys doing them badly. The general thesis: Enjoying hobbies is no longer a mark of class. In the competitive world today we have to be “experts” even in our hobbies. Paras. 1~2 Para. 3 Para. 4 Reading Analysis

31 II.Examples to illustrate how people have to train themselves to be professional First Example First Example First Example First Example Second Example Second Example Second Example Second Example Third Example Third Example Third Example Third Example Fourth Example Fourth Example Fourth Example Fourth Example Fifth Example Fifth Example Fifth Example Fifth Example Para. 5 Para. 6 Para. 7 Para. 8 Para. 9 Reading Analysis

32 First Example If you tone up your body by pulling on your gym shoes and jogging around, you are hopelessly committed to embarrassing yourself as you are not a serious runner. Para. 5 Reading Analysis

33 Second Example “ Dancing ” means squeezing into tights and leg warmers, then sweating through six hours of warm-ups, five hours of ballet and four hours of jazz classes. Para. 6 Reading Analysis

34 Third Example A child who doesn ’ t know the difference between a goal kick and a head shot would be looked down upon by his friends and be deprived of the right of joining a soccer team. Para. 7 Para. 7 Reading Analysis

35 Fourth Example A girl of nine is worrying about getting into the best tennis school as she is afraid that her technique is not up to the standards though she practices five or six hours a week. Para. 8 Para. 8 Reading Analysis

36 Fifth Example Any lower level of accomplishment would embarrass the woman in the study a foreign languag e. Any lower level of accomplishment would embarrass the woman in the study a foreign languag e. Para. 9 Reading Analysis

37 The terrible result of taking a serious attitude towards recreation Many people avoid activities they might enjoy because they lack the time or the energy to tackle them “ seriously ”. Some people work so hard at their hobbies that they develop psychological problems. Reading Analysis

38 The author’s viewpoint It ’ s time we put a stop to all this. Keep enthusiasm independent of success and enjoy “ the joy of creative fooling around ”.It ’ s time we put a stop to all this. Keep enthusiasm independent of success and enjoy “ the joy of creative fooling around ”. The author follows this philosophy herself. She indicates her interest in learning how to play golf and playing it only for fun.The author follows this philosophy herself. She indicates her interest in learning how to play golf and playing it only for fun. It ’ s time we put a stop to all this. Keep enthusiasm independent of success and enjoy “ the joy of creative fooling around ”.It ’ s time we put a stop to all this. Keep enthusiasm independent of success and enjoy “ the joy of creative fooling around ”. The author follows this philosophy herself. She indicates her interest in learning how to play golf and playing it only for fun.The author follows this philosophy herself. She indicates her interest in learning how to play golf and playing it only for fun. Reading Analysis

39 Structured Writing Ex. XV, p. 213 《读写教程 III 》 : Ex. XV, p. 213

40 Structured Writing L ook again at the first four paragraphs of Text A to see how the author starts from a specific example, moves to a general statement and then leads to a general thesis. Structured Writing

41  The author starts with a specific example. The author starts with a specific example. The author starts with a specific example.  The author starts with a specific example. The author starts with a specific example. The author starts with a specific example.  She then moves to a more general statement about herself. She then moves to a more general statement about herself. She then moves to a more general statement about herself.  She then moves to a more general statement about herself. She then moves to a more general statement about herself. She then moves to a more general statement about herself.  And this leads to her general thesis. And this leads to her general thesis. And this leads to her general thesis.  And this leads to her general thesis. And this leads to her general thesis. And this leads to her general thesis. writing

42  The author starts with a specific example (her bad piano-playing): The other afternoon I was playing the piano when my seven- year-old walked in. He stopped and listened for a while, then said: “ You don ’ t play that thing very well, do you, Mom? ” No, I don ’ t. My performance would make any serious music student weep, but I don ’ t care. I ’ ve enjoyed playing the piano badly for years. Structured Writing

43  She then moves to a more general statement about herself: I also enjoy singing badly and drawing badly. I ’ m not ashamed of my incompetence in these areas. I do one or two other things well and that should be enough for anybody. But it gets boring doing the same things over and over. Every now and then it ’ s fun to try something new. Structured Writing

44  And this leads to her general thesis: Unfortunately, doing things badly has gone out of style. It used to be a mark of class if a lady or a gentleman sang a little, painted a little, played the violin a little. You didn ’ t have to be good at it; the point was to be fortunate enough to have the leisure time for such pursuits. But in today ’ s competitive world we have to be “ experts ” even in our hobbies. Structured Writing

45 Use the same specific-to-general structure to introduce a thesis of your own. Sample Essay Sample Essay Sample Essay Sample Essay Here are some ideas you can choose from: 1.Haste Makes Waste 2.A Small Act of Kindness 3.Harmony with Nature

46 Yesterday afternoon I was reading a magazine when my roommate shouted at me. She said, “It’s a beautiful day outside! You can’t just read all day!” Yes, I can. My ability to read at any time drives my roommates crazy, but I don’t care. I enjoy reading, and I’m good at it. I’ve been good at it all my life. I’m proud of my competence in reading, which I’ve achieved only through years of practice. I can read not only at any time, but also in just about any situation. Every now and then I try reading in some new place or position, just because it’s fun to try something new. Reading used to be a mark of accomplishment if a person read widely and miscellaneously. In today’s business world, the so-called social life eats up much of my reading time, but reading is still part of my life. Structured Writing

47 Here are some more ideas you can choose from: 1.Haste Makes Waste 2.A Small Act of Kindness 3.Harmony with Nature Structured Writing

48 Listening Practice Listening & Speaking III Conversation 1Conversation 1Conversation 1Conversation 1 Passage 1Passage 1Passage 1Passage 1

49 Listening Practice 《听说教程 III 》 Part 4.3, p.92

50 Conversation 1 Listening Practice Questions

51 1. A)Typing. B)Word-processing. C)Training. D)Working conditions. Listening Practice

52 2. A)It is just an advanced typewriter. B)It has a memory. C)It ’ s easier to check and correct mistakes than with a normal type-writer. D)It ’ s just like a filing cabinet. Listening Practice

53 3. A)It ’ s like a typewriter. B)It ’ s like a large filing cabinet. C)It has its memory. D)It ’ s like a television. Listening Practice

54 4. A)About one month with the computer first and a two-month, part-time period with the word processor later. B)About one month with the word processor first, and a two-month, part-time period with the computer later. C)About two months with the computer first, and a one-month, part-time period with the word processor later. D)About a two-month, part-time period with the word processor and computer. Listening Practice

55 5. A)The woman can ’ t operate the computer. B)The woman types very fast on a normal typewriter. C)The woman will have a month free of work. D)The woman will be paid during her training. Listening Practice Check-up

56 1.What is the woman worried about? A)Typing. B)Word-processing. C)Training. D)Working conditions. Listening Practice 1.What is the woman worried about? A)Typing. B)Word-processing. C)Training. D)Working conditions.

57 2.What is not mentioned about the word processor? A)It is just an advanced typewriter. B)It has a memory. C)It ’ s easier to check and correct mistakes than with a normal type-writer. D)It ’ s just like a filing cabinet. Listening Practice 2.What is not mentioned about the word processor? A)It is just an advanced typewriter. B)It has a memory. C)It ’ s easier to check and correct mistakes than with a normal type-writer. D)It ’ s just like a filing cabinet.

58 3.Which one of the following is not true of a computer according to the passage? A)It ’ s like a typewriter. B)It ’ s like a large filing cabinet. C)It has its memory. D)It ’ s like a television. Listening Practice 3.Which one of the following is not true of a computer according to the passage? A)It ’ s like a typewriter. B)It ’ s like a large filing cabinet. C)It has its memory. D)It ’ s like a television.

59 4.How would the woman be trained? A)About one month with the computer first and a two-month, part-time period with the word processor later. B)About one month with the word processor first, and a two-month, part-time period with the computer later. C)About two months with the computer first, and a one-month, part-time period with the word processor later. D)About a two-month, part-time period with the word processor and computer. Listening Practice 4.How would the woman be trained? A)About one month with the computer first and a two-month, part-time period with the word processor later. B)About one month with the word processor first, and a two-month, part-time period with the computer later. C)About two months with the computer first, and a one-month, part-time period with the word processor later. D)About a two-month, part-time period with the word processor and computer.

60 5.What can’t we infer from the conversation? A)The woman can ’ t operate the computer. B)The woman types very fast on a normal typewriter. C)The woman will have a month free of work. D)The woman will be paid during her training. Listening Practice 5.What can’t we infer from the conversation? A)The woman can ’ t operate the computer. B)The woman types very fast on a normal typewriter. C)The woman will have a month free of work. D)The woman will be paid during her training. Script

61 M:Well, now, Mrs. Black, do you have any questions about the job? W:Yes, I do, really. I ’ m a bit worried about this word- processing. M:There really is no need to worry about it. Your application form says that you can type quite fast. We ’ ll give you training on the word-processor. It ’ s really just an advanced typewriter. And it has a memory so that you don ’ t have to type a regular letter again and again. You ’ ll get used to it. The training only takes about a month. And you ’ ll find that it ’ s easier to check and correct mistakes than on a normal typewriter. W:Oh, that sounds fine. Em, what is this computer? I am not sure about that either. Listening Practice M:Well, we ’ ll give you training on that as well. But that comes later — after you ’ ve worked with the word processor. Again, it ’ s very much like a typewriter. You ’ ll be using it to get information from its memory. Really, it ’ s just like a large filing cabinet, except that there ’ s no paper involved. You type out the reference numbers or the subject and the information appears on a television screen. W:Oh, that doesn ’ t sound too difficult. How long would the training for that take? M:Probably a couple of months. We hope you can do that part-time during your working hours. W:Hm. That sounds fine. So that first bit of training would be with the word processor for about a month and then a two-month part-time period with the computer? M:Yes, that ’ s about aright. Exact details can be worked out later, of course. W:OK. Oh yes, about the pay...

62 Listening Practice 《听说教程 III 》 Part 4.3, p.94

63 Passage 1 Listening Practice Questions

64 1. A)Her devotion to feeding the poor. B)Her devotion to clothing the poor. C)Her devotion to housing the poor. D)Her devotion to educating the poor. Listening Practice

65 2. A)In Calcutta in B)In Calcutta in C)In the U.S.A. in D)In the U.S.A. in Listening Practice

66 3. A)They need too many materials. B)They are suffering from leprosy. C)They are hungry too. D)They are lonely Listening Practice

67 4. A)Loneliness is a kind of incurable disease. B)Loneliness is worse than cancer or T. B. C)Loneliness can ’ t be relieved by a touch of love. D)Material things can move loneliness. Listening Practice

68 5. A)To arouse American people to be aware of the loneliness they ’ re suffering. B)To make American people know that a lot of people in the world are hungry. C)To prove that she is worthy of being awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. D)Both A and C. Listening Practice Check-up

69 1.Which of the following was not the reason for Mother Theresa being awarded a Nobel Peace Prize? A)Her devotion to feeding the poor. B)Her devotion to clothing the poor. C)Her devotion to housing the poor. D)Her devotion to educating the poor. Listening Practice 1.Which of the following was not the reason for Mother Theresa being awarded a Nobel Peace Prize? A)Her devotion to feeding the poor. B)Her devotion to clothing the poor. C)Her devotion to housing the poor. D)Her devotion to educating the poor.

70 2.Where and when did her work begin? A)In Calcutta in B)In Calcutta in C)In the U.S.A. in D)In the U.S.A. in Listening Practice 2.Where and when did her work begin? A)In Calcutta in B)In Calcutta in C)In the U.S.A. in D)In the U.S.A. in 1946.

71 3.What did Mother Theresa think of Americans and Europeans? A)They need too many materials. B)They are suffering from leprosy. C)They are hungry too. D)They are lonely. Listening Practice 3.What did Mother Theresa think of Americans and Europeans? A)They need too many materials. B)They are suffering from leprosy. C)They are hungry too. D)They are lonely.

72 4.What did Mother Theresa think of loneliness? A)Loneliness is a kind of incurable disease. B)Loneliness is worse than cancer or T. B. C)Loneliness can ’ t be relieved by a touch of love. D)Material things can move loneliness. Listening Practice 4.What did Mother Theresa think of loneliness? A)Loneliness is a kind of incurable disease. B)Loneliness is worse than cancer or T. B. C)Loneliness can ’ t be relieved by a touch of love. D)Material things can move loneliness.

73 5.Why did Mother Theresa make a speech in America? A)To arouse American people to be aware of the loneliness they ’ re suffering. B)To make American people know that a lot of people in the world are hungry. C)To prove that she is worthy of being awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. D)Both A and C. Listening Practice 5.Why did Mother Theresa make a speech in America? A)To arouse American people to be aware of the loneliness they ’ re suffering. B)To make American people know that a lot of people in the world are hungry. C)To prove that she is worthy of being awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. D)Both A and C. Script

74 Mother Teresa, a seventy-year-old nun, was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1979 for her devotion to feeding, clothing and housing the poor. She began her work in Calcutta in 1946 and her order of missionaries now runs two hundred homes for the poor in forty different countries. The following is an excerpt from a speech she made in the U.S.A. in 1981: “Being unwanted, unloved, uncared for, forgotten by everybody, I think that is a much greater hunger, a much greater poverty, than the hungry. But to the shut-ins in America and Europe, a material thing doesn’t remove the loneliness. I find the hurt and loneliness a much greater disease than leprosy ( 麻风病 ), T. B. or cancer, because for all these things we have medicine. For loneliness, we only have that constant touch of love. To create a relationship relieves that hunger. This is what I would like more and more people to find, to get involved in. We must find each other.” Listening Practice

75 1.Preview Text B 2.Do exercises: Ex. VI (p. 206)Ex. VI (p. 206) Ex. VII(p. 207)Ex. VII(p. 207) Ex. XVI(p. 214) Ex. XVI(p. 214) Ex. XVII(p. 220) Ex. XVII(p. 220) AssignmentAssignment


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