2Medieval TortureTorture was used during the Middle Ages for three reasons:To force confessions or secret information from those accusedTo discourage dissent and intellectual freedomTo persuade Jews, Muslims, and other non-believers to accept Christianity
3WhirligigSpinning CagePrimarily used for military punishment
4Wooden Wedges Used to force confessions Forced underneath toenails and fingernailsOther tortures used with the wedges when this was not enough to force confession
5ScissorsUsed to slice tongue after victims mouth was forced open
6The Copper BootPlace around victims footFilled with molten lead
7The SprinklerFilled with molten metalDripped on body of the victim
8Water TortureVictims nostrils pinched shutFluid poured down throat
9The ThumbscrewPlaced on thumb and tightened until bone is crushed
10Iron Maiden Iron Maiden Spikes in the Iron Maiden were strategically located to avoid major organs, thereby prolonging the inevitable death of the accused.Small Box
11The Spanish DonkeyVictim placed on topWeights tied on legs
12The Foot PressPress slowly squeezed the naked foot between the iron platesCrushed bones
13The Head Crusher Victims head placed inside clamp Tightened until it cracked the skull
14The Scottish Boot Boot placed around ankle Wedges then forced into the ankle
16The Chastity BeltUsed to prevent infidelity and encourage women to be faithfulUsed to prevent women from being raped
17The Garrotte Iron collar with iron rod being tightened from behind Victim died from asphyxiation and because spinal cord was being crushedUsed in Spain until 1975
18Inquisitional Chair Spikes cover back, armrest, and seat Victim strapped around waist,wrist, and chestUsed up until the 19th Century
19The Rack Stretched victim until bones and joints were pulled apart If victim did not die they were often so injured they could not take part in a confession
20Cat`s Paw or Spanish Tickler Used to rip victims fleshfrom the boneVictims tied up by hands and feet
21The Wheel One of the most painful and common acts of torture Victim tied down with limbs spreadCross pieces placed under joints and limbs and then smashedwith iron-tyred edge of the wheel
22The Heretic`s ForkForks penetrated the skin under the chin and over the chestForks did not penetrate into vital points, prolonging suffering before death
23The SawInflicted for a variety of crimes including witchcraft, rebellion, and military disobedience.Victim inverted to slow down general loss of blood so he did not loose consciousness at once, and could endure longer suffering.
24Juda`s Cradle Hung by iron belt surrounding upper waist Bound hand and footUsed in multiple ways
27Rat Torture Rats used to eat away at the victim’s body. Would put rat under a bowl and then heat it.Rat would end up eating through the victim trying to escape
28Pear of AnguishUsed to get a confession or to cause miscarriages of a woman who cheated on her husband.Was slowly opened up
29Foot RoastingThey would put the victim’s legs in the foot stocks and put hot coals underneath or light a fire.It would burn the legs to the bone
30Pillory Torture Used to embarrass victims Stuff could be thrown at themThey would be beaten or whipped
31Crocodile TubePut into a coffin like case with spikes like crocodile teeth.They would put fire under the tube and heat it up but also close the tube in more and more on the victim’s bodyUsed on thieves
32The Spanish SpiderUsed to mutilate a woman’s chest
33Flaying Torture Slowly with a small knife they will skin the victim Started with the face and only did a little at a time.They would leave the victim then come back later and do a little more.
35Public TortureUsed to embarrass the victim out in public
36Brain PageAccording to the basic definition of civilization, are the Middle Ages civilized? Why or Why not?What has the word civilized come to mean?
37Brain PageHow do torture and religion relate? Why would a simple, uneducated peasant enjoy watching someone getting tortured? (think religiously)
38Brain Page Answer the following question in your notebook How/Why have we, as a world and society, gone from one that uses torture devices to one like today—that, in America stresses humanity? What events, inventions, etc.. have occurred to help us get where we are today? Is this progress? Why do you think some countries still use torture today? Should Torture be aloud during times of war?