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Cyber Bullying: What does it look like today? What can be done? Presented by: Kathy Lockard, Olweus Trainer AEA 14 Jaymie Randel, Olweus Trainer AEA 267.

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Presentation on theme: "Cyber Bullying: What does it look like today? What can be done? Presented by: Kathy Lockard, Olweus Trainer AEA 14 Jaymie Randel, Olweus Trainer AEA 267."— Presentation transcript:

1 Cyber Bullying: What does it look like today? What can be done? Presented by: Kathy Lockard, Olweus Trainer AEA 14 Jaymie Randel, Olweus Trainer AEA 267 Penny Bisignano, Iowa Olweus Coordinator

2 Today’s agenda: What is Cyber Bullying and why should schools address it? How does Cyber Bullying affect students and their ability to learn? Carol Greta - legal responsibilities

3 Today’s agenda: What AEA resources are available to assist in bullying prevention? What can be done to prevent or intervene in Cyber Bullying? ◦Resources that are available to assist with Cyber Bullying prevention and intervention?

4 The major resource for today’s presentation is… Cyber Bullying: A Prevention Curriculum for Grades 6-12 By Susan P. Limber, Ph.D., Robin M. Kowalski, Ph.D., and Patricia W. Agatston, Ph.D.

5 Resources at your fingertips: "Cyber Bullying: A Prevention Curriculum for Grades 3-5.“ Susan P. Limber, Ph.D., Robin M. Kowalski, Ph.D., and Patricia W. Agatston, Ph.D. Cyber-bullying Cyber-threats: Responding to the Challenge of On- line Social Aggression, Threats, & Distress Nancy Willard

6 Resources at your fingertips: Stop Bullying Now http://stopbullyingnow.hrsa.gov/adult/indexAdult.asp?Area=cyberbullying Olweus Bullying Prevention Program http://www.clemson.edu Cyber Smart http://cybersmartcurriculum.org/Cyber Bullying/nsba/features That's Not Cool http://www.thatsnotcool.com

7 Webinars re: Cyber Bullying The Stop Bullying Now Campaign will host a Web cast focusing on cyber bullying on April 22, 2009 from 3:00-4:30 PM EST. www.StopBullyingNow.hrsa.govhttp://www.StopBullyingNow.hrsa.gov For up-to-date details related to this Web cast or if you would like a blurb about the Web cast for a newsletter or Web posting, please email: Nicolle Grayson at Nicolle.Grayson@widmeyer.com.

8 Bullying Prevention Resources Work to create a school environment in which respect and responsibility are promoted and bullying is not. Each AEA has trained personnel for assisting LEAs in implementing a school-wide approach to bullying prevention.

9 Think about traditional bullying and Cyber Bullying. On a piece of paper, write the following headings: Traditional bullying is….. Cyber Bullying is……. Take 5 minutes to fill in characteristics of each.

10 What is bullying? Bullying is when someone repeatedly and on purpose says or does mean or hurtful things to another person who has a hard time defending himself or herself. Olweus et al. 2007

11 What is Cyber Bullying? Cyber Bullying is bullying through email, instant messaging (IMing), chat room exchanges, Web site posts, or digital messages or images sent to a cellular phone or personal digital assistant (PDA). Kowalski et al. 2008

12 Cyber Bullying is Bullying on Steroids!

13 Cyber Bullying can involve: sending mean or offensive messages repeatedly through emails, IM, texting, phone messages, chat room posts, or social- networking postings

14 Cyber Bullying can involve: playing an online game and ruining the game for others on purpose

15 Cyber Bullying can involve: humiliating people by posting information that is not true, altering photos in an offensive way, or making fun of someone through statements, photos, or songs

16 Cyber Bullying can involve: sending mean or offensive messages as though they are from someone else so that the receiver thinks the targeted student sent them

17 Cyber Bullying can involve: creating Web sites designed to humiliate or embarrass others, such as “slam books” (Web sites that list students’ names for other students to make mean comments about)

18 Cyber Bullying can involve: sharing personal, often embarrassing, information about someone that they would not want shared by forwarding an email or a photo to others

19 Cyber Bullying can involve: hitting or hurting someone while photographing or videotaping the person, usually with a cell phone, and then sending the photos or videos to others for amusement

20 Cyber Bullying can involve: tricking someone into sharing personal information and then telling others about it through emails or text messaging

21 Cyber Bullying can involve: leaving someone out of a group by taking the person off buddy lists or leaving the person out of password- protected sites

22 Cyber Bullying can involve: sending threats intending to harm someone or encouraging the person to commit suicide

23 Let’s see if you are able to identify what kinds of situations and online communications could be considered Cyber Bullying. Read each of the following situations and identify if it “is” or “is not” an instance of Cyber Bullying.

24 “Is” or “Is Not” Cyber Bullying? Alicia sends a text message to Tina telling her that she has a crush on a boy in her math class but not to tell anyone. Tina shows the message to the boy and sends it to everyone else in the class.

25 It is Cyber Bullying. Reason 1: Tina shares personal information that Alicia sends to her and does not want shared. Reason 2: It is embarrassing and, even though the message is sent one time, it really happens over and over every time someone else receives and reads the message.

26 “Is” or “Is Not” Cyber Bullying? Mike sends links to inappropriate adult Web sites to Sophie through email several times over a few months, even though she keeps asking him to stop.

27 It is Cyber Bullying. Reason 1: Mike is using technology to harass her. Reason 2: Mike continues to do it even though Sophie has asked him to stop. Note: Sophie should tell an adult immediately! Sexual harassment is against the law!

28 “Is” or “Is Not” Cyber Bullying? Daniel is IMing with his girlfriend. She is angry with him and says some pretty nasty things to him online.

29 It is not Cyber Bullying. Reason 1: The messages are not repeated. Reason 2: The messages are not sent to anyone else.

30 Let’s summarize…. Both traditional bullying and Cyber Bullying are very harmful. Cyber Bullying can reach and involve many people very quickly.

31 Let’s summarize…. People who might not bully someone face to face might cyber bully someone because they can’t be seen and think they are anonymous.

32 Let’s summarize…. Traditional bullying involves an imbalance of power. Because those who cyber bully think they can be anonymous, they might not really be more physically or socially powerful.

33 Let’s summarize…. Traditional forms of bullying can cause physical harm and psychological harm. In most cases, Cyber Bullying causes psychological harm.

34 Let’s summarize…. Traditional bullying is usually limited to the people in the immediate area where the bullying is taking place. Cyber Bullying can reach many people immediately – and often the student who is targeted doesn’t know who is doing it.

35 Let’s summarize…. Traditional bullying usually has a time and place, such as during lunch on school grounds. Cyber Bullying can happen anytime and anyplace.

36 Let’s summarize…. It is usually apparent who is doing traditional bullying. It is often difficult to find out who is Cyber Bullying.

37 What are the warning signs of Cyber Bullying? A child may be experiencing Cyber Bullying if he or she… appears upset after using the computer or being online. appears upset after viewing a text message.

38 What are the warning signs of Cyber Bullying? A child may be experiencing Cyber Bullying or bullying at school if he or she… 1)…appears sad, moody, or anxious. 2)…avoids school. 3)…withdraws from or shows a lack of interest in social activities. 4)…experiences a drop in grades or decline in academic performance.

39 Students may cyber bully because….. They think people won’t know who they are; they can be anonymous. They can’t be seen. They don’t have to see the other person’s reactions. They think everybody does it, so it’s no a big deal. They like making someone else feel bad.

40 How does Cyber Bullying affect students, schools, and communities? Current research suggests that students involved in Cyber Bullying, are more likely to…. ◦be anxious ◦be depressed ◦have low self-esteem ◦have lower grades ◦have higher absenteeism rates ◦Kowalski et al. 2008

41 How does Cyber Bullying affect students, schools, and communities? Cyber Bullying affects everyone. You may be a part of Cyber Bullying even if you don’t know it. For example, if you’ve forwarded an email that makes fun of someone to one or more friends, that is considered Cyber Bullying.

42 How does Cyber Bullying affect students, schools, and communities? Cyber Bullying can also affect other people in the Bullying Circle. Those students who bully and are allowed to continue their behavior are also affected.

43 Everyone has the right to live his or her life without being bullied or harassed by someone else. It is important to understand that even if someone cyber bullies another person as a joke, it may not be a joke to the person who is being bullied.

44 What should educators do if they know or suspect Cyber Bullying is occurring? Educate all students about how to report all forms of bullying. Advise the student to save any evidence of the Cyber Bullying and report it.

45 Help students know what to DO FIRST. D o not retaliate. O ff your buddy list.

46 Help students know what to DO FIRST. F igure out who it is. I gnore it. R espond after you think about it carefully. S ave the evidence T ell an adult.

47 Carol Greta Attorney IDE State laws, litigation, and guidelines for teachers and administrators about legal issues and Cyber Bullying. carol.greta@iowa.govhttp://www.iowa.gov/educate/index.phphttp://www.iowa.gov/educate/index.php 515-281-8661

48 Resources at your fingertips: Stop Bullying Now http://stopbullyingnow.hrsa.gov/adult/indexAdult.asp?Area=cyberbullying Olweus Bullying Prevention Program http://www.clemson.edu Cyber Smart http://cybersmartcurriculum.org/Cyber Bullying/nsba/features That's Not Cool http://www.thatsnotcool.com

49 Contacts… Penny Bisignano, gbiz@mchsi.comgbiz@mchsi.com Kathy Lockard, klockard@aea14.k12.ia.usklockard@aea14.k12.ia.us Jaymie Randel, jrandel@aea267.k12.ia.usjrandel@aea267.k12.ia.us Local AEA Olweus Bullying Prevention Trainers


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