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LESSON STARTER; Write down three things that this newspaper tells you.

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Presentation on theme: "LESSON STARTER; Write down three things that this newspaper tells you."— Presentation transcript:

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3 LESSON STARTER; Write down three things that this newspaper tells you.

4 Lesson objectives Who was John F Kennedy? Who was John F Kennedy? What happened to him on the 22 nd Nov, 1963? What happened to him on the 22 nd Nov, 1963? Why is his death not straight forward? Why is his death not straight forward? Work in groups to give the accused a fair trial as he never actually got to have one! Work in groups to give the accused a fair trial as he never actually got to have one!

5 Task What do we need to know as lawyers before we can begin to assemble our case? What do we need to know as lawyers before we can begin to assemble our case? 2 people in the group will be working on proving Harvey’s innocence and 2 will be working on proving his guilt. 2 people in the group will be working on proving Harvey’s innocence and 2 will be working on proving his guilt. Over the coming lessons, I will be providing you with lots of evidence!! The more you use, the stronger your case will be and the higher the SAT level. Over the coming lessons, I will be providing you with lots of evidence!! The more you use, the stronger your case will be and the higher the SAT level.

6 Who was JFK? John Kennedy was the 61 st President of the United States. John Kennedy was the 61 st President of the United States. JFK was a controversial character- he had been involved with gangsters and mistresses JFK was a controversial character- he had been involved with gangsters and mistresses In his political career, he was also really controversial. He promised to help poor and black people and cut down on crime. In his political career, he was also really controversial. He promised to help poor and black people and cut down on crime.

7 That fateful day On the 22 nd of November 1963, Kennedy and his wife were visiting Dallas, Texas. On the 22 nd of November 1963, Kennedy and his wife were visiting Dallas, Texas. Kennedy was drumming up support for the next election Kennedy was drumming up support for the next election The State of Texas was an area known to dislike the President, and Dallas, in particular, was especially anti-Kennedy. The State of Texas was an area known to dislike the President, and Dallas, in particular, was especially anti-Kennedy.

8 Dealey Plaza Dealey Plaza Look at the planned journey. If you were Kennedy’s security advisor Look at the planned journey. If you were Kennedy’s security advisor What problems can you see? What problems can you see? What precautions would you take? What precautions would you take?

9 The plan The route through Dallas was in an open top vehicle, to allow as many people as possible to see their President. The route through Dallas was in an open top vehicle, to allow as many people as possible to see their President. The route was to end up at the International Trade Mart and was to pass under a railway bridge at the end of an area of Dallas known as Dealey Plaza. The route was to end up at the International Trade Mart and was to pass under a railway bridge at the end of an area of Dallas known as Dealey Plaza. The route was changed not long before the visit, to allow the motorcade to go past a building called the Texas School Book Depository. The route was changed not long before the visit, to allow the motorcade to go past a building called the Texas School Book Depository. Kennedy’s body guard would travel on a ledge at the back of Kennedy. Kennedy’s body guard would travel on a ledge at the back of Kennedy.

10 What Happened? Arrive at Love Field Airport at 11:30 Arrive at Love Field Airport at 11:30 Presidential motorcade through Dealey Plaza Presidential motorcade through Dealey Plaza 12:30 Kennedy is shot 12:30 Kennedy is shot Gov. Connally injured Gov. Connally injured Shots heard from TSBD Shots heard from TSBD Kennedy and Connally taken to Parkland Hospital Kennedy and Connally taken to Parkland Hospital 1:16 Officer JD Tippit killed 1:16 Officer JD Tippit killed Lee Harvey Oswald arrested for both murders Lee Harvey Oswald arrested for both murders

11 THE PRESIDENT SHOT DEAD! As the car passed beneath the TSBD and to an area known locally as the “Grassy Knoll” shots were heard to ring out. As the car passed beneath the TSBD and to an area known locally as the “Grassy Knoll” shots were heard to ring out. Witnesses claim there were three shots Witnesses claim there were three shots JFK was fatally wounded and a shot also hit Governor Connally JFK was fatally wounded and a shot also hit Governor Connally The President was taken to Parklands Memorial Hospital where he was pronounced dead at 1pm The President was taken to Parklands Memorial Hospital where he was pronounced dead at 1pm

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14 But things were not all they seemed? Kennedy we know was hit by two shots. Kennedy we know was hit by two shots. The first was known as the ‘magic bullet theory’ The first was known as the ‘magic bullet theory’ The shot, supposedly fired from the TBSD hit both Kennedy and Connally The shot, supposedly fired from the TBSD hit both Kennedy and Connally

15 Kennedy was killed by a second shot! cri43ttTo&feature=related cri43ttTo&feature=related cri43ttTo&feature=related cri43ttTo&feature=related

16 The single bullet theory A one-inch long bullet penetrated Kennedy’s neck, A one-inch long bullet penetrated Kennedy’s neck, It then traveled to Governor Connally’s chest and wrist and fastened itself in the Governor’s thigh. It then traveled to Governor Connally’s chest and wrist and fastened itself in the Governor’s thigh. If the bullet had made this tremendous journey, then it penetrated 15 layers of clothing, 7 layers of skin, approximately 15 inches of tissue, struck a tie knot, removed 4 inches of rib and shattered a radius bone. If the bullet had made this tremendous journey, then it penetrated 15 layers of clothing, 7 layers of skin, approximately 15 inches of tissue, struck a tie knot, removed 4 inches of rib and shattered a radius bone.

17 Magic Bullet

18 Kennedy’s injuries The first bullet wound (magic bullet) The first bullet exit wound (magic bullet)

19 The shot that skilled Kennedy

20 Task: Create a newspaper front cover of the events of the assassination of Kennedy. Retell the story Retell the story Problems with the security Problems with the security Is there anything suspicious in the story and assassination? Is there anything suspicious in the story and assassination?

21 Lee Harvey Oswald Lee Harvey Oswald was the accused assassin of President John F. Kennedy. Lee Harvey Oswald was the accused assassin of President John F. Kennedy. As a child, Oswald kept to himself and did not socialize much. As a child, Oswald kept to himself and did not socialize much. Oswald dropped out of school in the ninth grade, never to receive a high school diploma. Oswald dropped out of school in the ninth grade, never to receive a high school diploma. He later became a Marxist, eventually leaving to live in the Soviet Union, later to return to the United States. He later became a Marxist, eventually leaving to live in the Soviet Union, later to return to the United States.

22 Lee Harvey Oswald (Cont’d) Upon the date of the president’s assassination, he was reported missing to the police by his supervisor at the Depository. Upon the date of the president’s assassination, he was reported missing to the police by his supervisor at the Depository. Oswald was then arrested an hour and twenty minutes later after the assassination, for killing a police officer, then charged with the murder of John F. Kennedy. Oswald was then arrested an hour and twenty minutes later after the assassination, for killing a police officer, then charged with the murder of John F. Kennedy. Oswald never went to trial due to his untimely death, murdered by Jack Ruby Oswald never went to trial due to his untimely death, murdered by Jack Ruby

23 Evidence Linking Lee Harvey Oswald During Investigations, a M91/38 bolt-action rifle was found on the sixth floor of the Texas Book Depository Building. During Investigations, a M91/38 bolt-action rifle was found on the sixth floor of the Texas Book Depository Building. This rifle matched the bullet found on a random stretcher in the hospital.. This rifle matched the bullet found on a random stretcher in the hospital.. Lee Harvey Oswald’s palm print was also found on the bolt action rifle. Lee Harvey Oswald’s palm print was also found on the bolt action rifle. Oswald purchased the rifle under a fake name. Oswald purchased the rifle under a fake name. However, for Oswald to have been the murderer of the president, the single bullet theory would have to be true. However, for Oswald to have been the murderer of the president, the single bullet theory would have to be true.

24 Conspiracy Theory Grassy Knoll Grassy Knoll Witnesses heard shot(s) Witnesses heard shot(s) Timing Timing Magic Bullet (single bullet) Magic Bullet (single bullet) Mafia Mafia CIA CIA Soviet Union/Cuba Soviet Union/Cuba Anti-Castro Anti-Castro FBI FBI Texas Oil Texas Oil

25 The Single Bullet Theory The Single Bullet Theory is the theory that a single bullet went through both Kennedy and Connally, injuring them both. A second bullet fired later would kill the president The Single Bullet Theory is the theory that a single bullet went through both Kennedy and Connally, injuring them both. A second bullet fired later would kill the president According to the single bullet theory, a one-inch long bullet penetrated Kennedy’s neck, then traveled to Governor Connally’s chest and wrist and fastened itself in the Governor’s thigh. If the bullet had made this tremendous journey, then the bullet penetrated 15 layers of clothing, 7 layers of skin, approximately 15 inches of tissue, struck a tie knot, removed 4 inches of rib and shattered a radius bone. According to the single bullet theory, a one-inch long bullet penetrated Kennedy’s neck, then traveled to Governor Connally’s chest and wrist and fastened itself in the Governor’s thigh. If the bullet had made this tremendous journey, then the bullet penetrated 15 layers of clothing, 7 layers of skin, approximately 15 inches of tissue, struck a tie knot, removed 4 inches of rib and shattered a radius bone.

26 Magic Bullet

27 Bullet shot from here Bullet shot from here Found on a random bed at Parkland Hospital (“magic bullet”) Found on a random bed at Parkland Hospital (“magic bullet”)

28 The Single Bullet Theory: True or False Various tests were conducted in response to the single bullet theory, by shooting a bullet through animal flesh and bone. Various tests were conducted in response to the single bullet theory, by shooting a bullet through animal flesh and bone. The results yielded that when a bullet penetrates flesh, it will not remain in a linear path, as it will tend to move. The results yielded that when a bullet penetrates flesh, it will not remain in a linear path, as it will tend to move. However, the bullet that was found and concluded to be the single bullet was found in pristine condition, with no defects on it. However, the bullet that was found and concluded to be the single bullet was found in pristine condition, with no defects on it. If this was the bullet that penetrated skin and shattered bone, then why was it in perfect condition? If this was the bullet that penetrated skin and shattered bone, then why was it in perfect condition?

29 The Grassy Knoll Theory The Grassy Knoll Theory is the theory that includes more than one gunman, in addition to Lee Harvey Oswald. This theory also provides an alternate place for an assassin to be, proving that Lee Harvey Oswald may have been set up. The Grassy Knoll Theory is the theory that includes more than one gunman, in addition to Lee Harvey Oswald. This theory also provides an alternate place for an assassin to be, proving that Lee Harvey Oswald may have been set up. This Theory comes from “puffs of smoke” and “outlines of assassins” in various pictures taken of the knolls at the time of the assassination as well as eyewitnesses that report sights of these things. This Theory comes from “puffs of smoke” and “outlines of assassins” in various pictures taken of the knolls at the time of the assassination as well as eyewitnesses that report sights of these things.

30 The Grassy Knoll Theory (Cont’d) Various parts of pictures that were taken before and during the assassination of the president may make it seem like there was an assassin at the Grassy Knoll. Various parts of pictures that were taken before and during the assassination of the president may make it seem like there was an assassin at the Grassy Knoll. In addition to pictures, eyewitnesses such as Ed Hoffman have claimed that “a man, dressed in a business suit, shot from behind the fence, and then tossed the rifle to a man dressed as a railroad worker, who disassembled it, put it into a case, and walked off.” In addition to pictures, eyewitnesses such as Ed Hoffman have claimed that “a man, dressed in a business suit, shot from behind the fence, and then tossed the rifle to a man dressed as a railroad worker, who disassembled it, put it into a case, and walked off.”

31 The Cubans Another theory involves the Cubans, as some suspect that they are responsible for the death of JFK Another theory involves the Cubans, as some suspect that they are responsible for the death of JFK The theory states that JFK was killed by Cubans who were upset with Kennedy due to his actions regarding the Bay of Pigs. The theory states that JFK was killed by Cubans who were upset with Kennedy due to his actions regarding the Bay of Pigs. The Bay of Pigs invasion was an invasion funded by the US government for Cuban exiles to invade the Bay of Pigs. The Bay of Pigs invasion was an invasion funded by the US government for Cuban exiles to invade the Bay of Pigs. Kennedy refused to allow the US army to assist. By staying out of the affair, the exiles were sitting ducks for Castro and his men. The event was a complete disaster as thousands were killed or captured by Castro. Kennedy refused to allow the US army to assist. By staying out of the affair, the exiles were sitting ducks for Castro and his men. The event was a complete disaster as thousands were killed or captured by Castro.

32 The K.G.B. A more feasible theory, the K.G.B. theory links directly with Lee Harvey Oswald. A more feasible theory, the K.G.B. theory links directly with Lee Harvey Oswald. It was known the Lee Harvey Oswald spent two years in Russia because of his firm beliefs in the Soviet Union. In addition to this, he married a K.G.B’s colonel's niece. It was known the Lee Harvey Oswald spent two years in Russia because of his firm beliefs in the Soviet Union. In addition to this, he married a K.G.B’s colonel's niece. It would be easy to conclude that the Soviet Union sent Oswald to kill the president. It would be easy to conclude that the Soviet Union sent Oswald to kill the president.

33 The Mafia The theory that the Mafia killed JFK involves more of John f. Kennedy’s policies. The theory that the Mafia killed JFK involves more of John f. Kennedy’s policies. During Kennedy’s presidential term, he took a very aggressive stance against organized crimes. During Kennedy’s presidential term, he took a very aggressive stance against organized crimes. This breakdown of organized crimes was far more drastic than any other president that served before him. This breakdown of organized crimes was far more drastic than any other president that served before him. Kennedy’s brother, Robert Kennedy was responsible for the enmity of Teamster’s Union boss Jimmy Hoffa, in addition to other mafia members. Kennedy’s brother, Robert Kennedy was responsible for the enmity of Teamster’s Union boss Jimmy Hoffa, in addition to other mafia members. It became even more evident when it was discovered that Jack Ruby had ties with the mob, thus explaining his role in the murder of Oswald, IF the Mafia theory proved to be correct. It became even more evident when it was discovered that Jack Ruby had ties with the mob, thus explaining his role in the murder of Oswald, IF the Mafia theory proved to be correct.

34 Mafia Kennedy’s trying to bust Kennedy’s trying to bust organized crime organized crime Jack Ruby Jack Ruby

35 CIA Angry about Executive Action Angry about Executive Action Bay of Pigs Bay of Pigs Oswald a “patsy” Oswald a “patsy”

36 The US Government/CIA There would be three major reasons why the CIA would have had a part in the assassination of John F Kennedy: There would be three major reasons why the CIA would have had a part in the assassination of John F Kennedy: 1. John F Kennedy gave up Cuba, the country in which the CIA worked extremely hard for in regards to the struggle of the exiles. 2. The US still had control over Vietnam, so the CIA would want Kennedy to be killed in order for him not to make the same mistake he did with Cuba. 3. John F Kennedy blamed the CIA for the failure of the Bay of Pigs, even thought it was mainly his fault for the failure, as he did not allow US soldiers to assist.

37 Evidence pointing to the CIA The single piece of evidence that may have cleared up any discrepancies to where the shots actually came from, has gone missing. The single piece of evidence that may have cleared up any discrepancies to where the shots actually came from, has gone missing. Simply put, JKF’s brain is gone. Simply put, JKF’s brain is gone. As well as the actual brain, slides, X-rays, photographs and other medicals that the Kennedy family had in possession were required to be handed over to the National Archives. However, the brain and several other items were not returned. As well as the actual brain, slides, X-rays, photographs and other medicals that the Kennedy family had in possession were required to be handed over to the National Archives. However, the brain and several other items were not returned.

38 LBJ Theory The LBJ Theory involves Kennedy’s vice president, Lyndon B. Johnson. The LBJ Theory involves Kennedy’s vice president, Lyndon B. Johnson. Kennedy was seriously considering removing Lyndon Johnson’s name as his running mate in the voting ballot, which may have angered Lyndon. Kennedy was seriously considering removing Lyndon Johnson’s name as his running mate in the voting ballot, which may have angered Lyndon. Madeleine Duncan Brown, a woman claiming having a twenty one year old relationship with Johnson, recalls that the night before the assassination, Johnson told her that “tomorrow, those goddamned Kennedys are never going to embarrass me again; that’s not a threat, that’s a promise” Madeleine Duncan Brown, a woman claiming having a twenty one year old relationship with Johnson, recalls that the night before the assassination, Johnson told her that “tomorrow, those goddamned Kennedys are never going to embarrass me again; that’s not a threat, that’s a promise”

39 LBJ Theory (Cont’d) More suspicious evidence suggests that LBJ organized the assassination of JFK when a picture catches an interesting scene on Air Force One, where a Texas Congressman is winking at Johnson. More suspicious evidence suggests that LBJ organized the assassination of JFK when a picture catches an interesting scene on Air Force One, where a Texas Congressman is winking at Johnson.

40 USSR/Cuba Oswald hired by Castro Oswald hired by Castro Soviet agent impersonating Oswald Soviet agent impersonating Oswald

41 FBI/Secret Service J. Edgar Hoover J. Edgar Hoover Forced retirement Forced retirement Civil Rights Civil Rights

42 Warren Commission The Warren Commission was published in October, It reached the following conclusions: (1) The shots which killed President Kennedy and wounded Governor Connally were fired from the sixth floor window at the southeast corner of the Texas School Book Depository. (1) The shots which killed President Kennedy and wounded Governor Connally were fired from the sixth floor window at the southeast corner of the Texas School Book Depository. (2) The weight of the evidence indicates that there were three shots fired. (2) The weight of the evidence indicates that there were three shots fired. (3) Although it is not necessary to any essential findings of the Commission to determine just which shot hit Governor Connally, there is very persuasive evidence from the experts to indicate that the same bullet which pierced the President's throat also caused Governor Connally's wounds. However, Governor Connally's testimony and certain other factors have given rise to some difference of opinion as to this probability but there is no question in the mind of any member of the Commission that all the shots which caused the President's and Governor Connally's wounds were fired from the sixth floor window of the Texas School Book Depository. (3) Although it is not necessary to any essential findings of the Commission to determine just which shot hit Governor Connally, there is very persuasive evidence from the experts to indicate that the same bullet which pierced the President's throat also caused Governor Connally's wounds. However, Governor Connally's testimony and certain other factors have given rise to some difference of opinion as to this probability but there is no question in the mind of any member of the Commission that all the shots which caused the President's and Governor Connally's wounds were fired from the sixth floor window of the Texas School Book Depository.

43 Warren Commission cont. (4) The shots which killed President Kennedy and wounded Governor Connally were fired by Lee Harvey Oswald. (4) The shots which killed President Kennedy and wounded Governor Connally were fired by Lee Harvey Oswald. (5) Oswald killed Dallas Police Patrolman J. D. Tippit approximately 45 minutes after the assassination. (5) Oswald killed Dallas Police Patrolman J. D. Tippit approximately 45 minutes after the assassination. (6) Within 80 minutes of the assassination and 35 minutes of the Tippit killing Oswald resisted arrest at the theater by attempting to shoot another Dallas police officer. (6) Within 80 minutes of the assassination and 35 minutes of the Tippit killing Oswald resisted arrest at the theater by attempting to shoot another Dallas police officer. (7) The Commission has found no evidence that either Lee Harvey Oswald or Jack Ruby was part of any conspiracy, domestic or foreign, to assassinate President Kennedy. (7) The Commission has found no evidence that either Lee Harvey Oswald or Jack Ruby was part of any conspiracy, domestic or foreign, to assassinate President Kennedy. (8) In its entire investigation the Commission has found no evidence of conspiracy, subversion, or disloyalty to the U.S. Government by any Federal, State, or local official. (8) In its entire investigation the Commission has found no evidence of conspiracy, subversion, or disloyalty to the U.S. Government by any Federal, State, or local official. (9) On the basis of the evidence before the Commission it concludes that, Oswald acted alone (9) On the basis of the evidence before the Commission it concludes that, Oswald acted alone

44 The body

45 Funeral Saluted by JFK Jr. (John John) Saluted by JFK Jr. (John John) Buried at Arlington Cemetery Buried at Arlington Cemetery


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