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10. Profits of Praise. Maxims on praise  Our praises are our wages. --Shakespeare  I can live for two months on a good compliment. ---Mark Twain.

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Presentation on theme: "10. Profits of Praise. Maxims on praise  Our praises are our wages. --Shakespeare  I can live for two months on a good compliment. ---Mark Twain."— Presentation transcript:

1 10. Profits of Praise

2 Maxims on praise  Our praises are our wages. --Shakespeare  I can live for two months on a good compliment. ---Mark Twain

3 About praise  Group discussion on class:  1 Try to collect more sayings about praise.  2 Exchange one’s attitude about praise with each other.

4 About praise 世界上,不只是演员需要掌声,如果没有赞扬和 鼓励,任何人都会丧失自信,我们大家都有一 种双 重需要,即被别人称赞和去称赞别人。 没有人不会被真心诚意的赞赏所触动,因为只有 真诚才能使赞语具有效力,真诚地赞扬人,才能帮助 我们消除在日常接触中所产生的种种摩 擦与不快。 如同艺术家在把美带给别人时感到 愉快一样,任何 掌握了赞扬艺术的人都会发现, 赞扬不仅给听者, 也给自己带来极大的愉快。 它给平凡的生活带来了 温暖的快乐,把世界的 喧闹声变成了音乐。 人人都有值得称道的地方, 我们只须把它说出来 就是了。

5 The power of praise  赞扬是阳光,  没有它生活的花儿便不能开放 ;  赞扬是黏合剂,  能聚合众多的朋友在您身边 ;  赞扬是一缕清新的空气,  扫除沉闷, 催人向上 ;  给予赞扬只需付出片刻的思索和努力,  然而产生的效果却难以估量.

6 The organization of the text Part Ⅰ (paras.1-3) a praise changed the author’s attitude. Part Ⅱ (paras.4-6) some statements about praise and its power Part Ⅲ (paras.7-10) praise can bring us something unexpected Part Ⅳ (paras.11-12) an experiment of the scientists shows that praise helps people to improve quickly Part Ⅴ (paras.13-14) the author calls on to pay more attention to the power of praise

7 Word learning  profit 益处 利润  exhaust 使筋疲力尽  stain 玷污  weary 厌倦的 厌烦的  discourage 使灰心  dozen 一打(二十个)  quit 退出 离职  apply 运用 实施  reluctant 勉强的  earn 赢得 挣得  compliment 赞美  invest 投资  graceful 优美的大方的  embarrass 使尴尬  defensive 防御的  pat 轻拍  convey 传达  flatter 奉承  relay 传送  rewarding 值得的 报答的  glorious 辉煌的  appreciate 欣赏 感激  constructive 建设性的  alert 警觉的

8 Complete the table below hostessgirl students godgentlemen Princelion aunt policewoman nephewheroine cowactor

9 Complete the table below (key) hostess girl students godgentlemen princelion aunt policewoman nephewheroine cowactor host boy students goddesslady princess policeman niece hero bullactress lioness uncle

10 The frame of Part Ⅰ  In the para. 1, author narrated her own experience as a waitress on the first day and said “I was ready to quit”.  But in paras. 2-3 the author received praises from the customer and her manager, suddenly she changed her attitude towards her job.  In one word, the author stated her own point of view towards praise and its power.

11 The frame of Part Ⅰ Translate the following sentence of para.1: As I made out a complicated check for a family with several children who had changed their ice-cream order a dozen times, I was ready to quit. 当我为有好几个孩子的一家人开好一份复杂的帐单时--因 为这些孩子们在要冰激凌时换来换去有十几次之多--我都 准备辞职不干了。 Those few words of praise had changed everything. 那两句赞扬的话改变了一切。

12 The frame of Part Ⅱ  In para. 4, the author stated what is praise and the importance of praise to human beings: praise is like sunlight to human spirit.  In para. 5, the author told us that why can praise of a word bring us pleasure.  In para. 6, the author put forward her point of view that: people are not used to giving praise because we are not accustomed to accepting it.

13 The frame of Part Ⅰ  Translate the following sentences in paras.4-6: Praise is like sunlight to the human spirit; we cannot flower and grow without it. 对于人的精神来说,赞扬就像阳光一样;没有它我们就不能 开花生长。 Perhaps it’s because few of us know how to accept compliments gracefully. 这也许是因为我们很少有人最低怎样大大方方地接受赞扬。

14 The frame of Part Ⅱ When one thinks of the speed with which spiteful remarks are conveyed, it seems a pity that there isn’t more effort to relay pleasing and flattering comments. 当我们想到那些充满恶意的言辞 传播得速度之快,我们就会感到, 人们没有做出更大的努力来传递 令人愉快、高兴的评语似乎是太 遗憾了。

15 The frame of Part Ⅲ  In para. 7. It tells us: praise is especially rewarding to those whose efforts goes unnoticed and unmentioned.  In para. 8. It shows that praise is particularly appreciated by those doing routine jobs.  In para. 9. the author narrates a fact that: although we know the value of praise, we are still not perceptive enough.

16 The frame of Part Ⅲ  In para. 10. the author takes teachers for example: teachers are aware of the value of praise.  To sum up, Part Ⅲ mainly tells us that: praise can bring us something unexpected.

17 The frame of Part Ⅲ Translate the following sentence of paras.7-10: Praise is especially rewarding to those whose efforts goes unnoticed and unmentioned. 对于通常不为人们注意或提及的努力加以赞扬是特别有益的。 Mothers know instinctively that for children an ounce of praise worth a pound of scolding. 母亲们本能地知道,对于孩子们来说,一句赞扬抵得上十句 责骂.

18 The frame of Part Ⅳ  In paras. 11-12. The author stated the result of an experiment carried out by the behavioral scientists. It shows that praise helps people to improve quickly.  In virtue of this experiment, the author emphasizes the power of praise to human beings.

19 The frame of Part Ⅳ  Translate the following sentence of paras.11- 12: Behavioral scientists have done countless experiments to prove that any human being tends to repeat an act which has been immediately followed by a pleasant result. 行为科学家已经做过无数 次试验,证明任何人都往 往会重复一个立即产生出 愉快结果的动作.

20 The frame of Part Ⅴ  In paras. 13-14. The author ended the passage by calling on to pay more attention to the power of praise.  In this part, the author quoted the saying of Mark Twain— I can live for two months on a good compliment. which strengthened her point of view.

21 The frame of Part Ⅴ Translate the following sentence of paras.11-12: To give praise costs the giver nothing but a moment’s thought and a moment’s effort. 给予赞扬只需要给予者付出片刻的思索和片刻的努力. We will not only bring joy into other people’s lives, but also, very often, added happiness into our own. 我们将不仅给别人的生活带来欢乐,而且还常常会给我们 自己的生活增添更多的乐趣.

22 Language points  1 profit:  n. advantages or good obtained from sth.; money gained in business  Eg. Your mother did that for your profit.  What’s the profit of doing that thing?  Frank makes profits by buying and selling stocks.

23 Language points  vt. Be of advantage to  Eg. The new bus route profits those who do not have cars.  It will profit you to absorb as much knowledge as possible while at university.  vi. Be benefited or helped  Eg. I profited a lot from the trip abroad.

24 Language points  2 exhaust:  v. ① tire out  Eg. We all felt exhausted by the stiff hike.  ② use up  Eg. The hero’s strength was exhausted after a long time in prison.  The king soon exhausted every penny in the national treasury.

25 Language points  n. outlet, in an engine or machine, for steam, vapor, etc. that has done its work  Eg. The young man committed suicide by breathing in the car exhaust.  The motorcycle has an open exhaust.

26 Language points  3 as, like:  As can be used with a noun in the same way as like, both being prepositions. But there is some difference in meaning in that as has more emphasis on a specified capacity whereas like is basically synonymous with “in the manner of”

27 Language points  Take a look at the difference between as and like.  He worked as a slave.= he was a slave.  He worked like a slave. = He worked in the manner of a slave, but he was a free man

28 Language points  4 load:  v. put a full amount of things on or in sth.  Eg. The father loaded the family into their new truck and drove west.  n. that which is to be carried or supported  Eg. Your arrival took a load off my mind.  The tractor has a full load wheat.

29 Language points  5 discourage:  Cause to lose courage or confidence  Eg. Don’t let failure discourage you.  The hero in the Greek mythology was never discouraged by his numerous misfortunes.

30 Language points  6 make out: write out  Eg. The shop assistant made out a receipt for the customer who bought a camera.  7 dozen: twelve  Eg. These eggs are sold at 99 cents a dozen.

31 Language points  8 quit:  Stop doing something and leave  Eg. George doesn’t like his present job as a waiter. He is quitting.  I have quit my job. I am now making a living by freelancing.

32 Language points  9 only too: very  Eg. If you invite him, he will be only too glad to attend.  10 reluctant: unwilling  Eg. The official made a reluctant promise under the pressure that he would look into the matter.

33 Language points  11 somehow:  In one way or another; for some reason that one does not understand or is not sure about  Eg. We shall go there somehow.  Time is pressing, but I will finish the work somehow in time.

34 Language points  12 not much of a: not a very good  Eg. He is not much of an artist.  The food is so-so, it wasn’t much of a dinner.  13 earn:  Bring to or get as deserved, win  Eg. Her hard work earned her the respect of her fellow workers.

35 Language points  14 embarrass:  make awkward or ashamed  Eg. The young teacher felt embarrassed to speak to a roomful of students.  15 pass on:  Convey to another  Eg. I passed the message on to all those whom it concern.

36 Language points  16 shrug off:  Dismiss something as not deserving one’s attention or as unimportant  Eg. James cut his hand, but he shrugged off his injury and went on his work.  She can shrug off her troubles and keep smiling.

37 Language points  17 pat:  n. tap with the open hand  Eg. She gave the puppy a slight pat.  v. tap gently with the open hand or with something flat  Eg. She patted the seat next to her for him to sit down.

38 Language points  18 When one thinks of the speed with which spiteful remarks are conveyed, it seems a pity that there isn’t more effort to relay pleasing and flattering comments. :  When one considers how quickly offensive remarks are passed from one to another, it seems a pity that we do not make effort to pass on compliments that will bring pleasure and satisfaction.

39 Language points  convey:  v. ① make (ideas, views, feelings, etc) known to another person  Eg. I can hardly convey my gratitude in words.  ② take; carry  Eg. Conveyer belt in the airport convey passengers from one gate to another.

40 Language points  flatter:  give an often exaggerated feeling of pleasure to; praise insincerely (in order to please)  Eg.He was flattered into believing that he was really exceptional.  George was flattering Mary when he said she was a brilliant artist; he didn’t really mean it.

41 Language points  comment:  n. opinion, explanation or judgment written or spoken about an event, book, person, state of affairs, etc.  Eg. Any comments on this topic are welcome.  v. give opinion, explanation or judgment  Eg. The State Department spokesman refused to comment on the recent political situation in East Europe.

42 Language points  19 it’s especially rewarding to give praise in areas in which efforts generally goes unnoticed and unmentioned.  It’s particularly beneficial to praise those who do unexciting routine jobs and whose efforts is usually ignored or overlooked.  generally: usually; in most cases  Generally the morning post arrives at 7:00.

43 Language points  20 when the shirts are done just right:  when the shirts are washed or cleaned exactly as excepted.  21 paper boy:  A boy who delivers or sells newspapers

44 Language points  22 appreciate:  understand and enjoy; be thankful for  Eg. It was such a wonderful play I really appreciated it.  23. constructive: helping  Eg. Students are urged to make full use of their summer vacation time.

45 Language points  24 routine:  adj. not unusual or exciting; regular  Eg. Relax. This is just a routine medical check.  n. fixed and regular way of doing things  Eg. His daily routine begins with checking E-mail messages.

46 Language points  25 an ounce of praise is worth a pound of scolding:  Praise (in whatever small amount) is far more valuable than scolding (in whatever large amount)  worth: having a value of; deserving  Eg. This book is worth 10 dollars.  scold: blame with angry words  Eg. He scolded her for coming back late.

47 Language points  26 drown:  ① cover completely with water  Eg. Two years ago, most of the town was drowned by the floods.  ② (cause to) die in water because unable to breathe  Eg. Since ten years ago, over 50 people were drowned in the river.

48 Language points  27 favorably:  with approval  Eg. The young monitor was looked on favorably as a rising star.  28 ignore:  not to take notice of; pay no attention to  Eg. Those who ignore the traffic lights will be fined.

49 Language points  29 criticize:  ① find fault with  Eg. Why are you always criticizing him?  ② form and give a judgment of; to assess the merits and demerits of  Eg. The Sunday newspaper devoted a page to criticizing new books, films, and plays.

50 Language points  30 react:  ① respond  Eg. The government reacted to criticism and improved its image this year.  ② respond to something with a feeling or take action (against)  Eg. Peasants uprose in arms to react against the harsh regulations of the Qin dynasty.

51 Discussion  1 Do you think praise plays an important role in our daily life? List some profits of offering or accepting praises.  2 How do you understand Shakespeare’s word ”our praises are our wages”?  3 Good at offering praise to other is a kind of virtue, according to you, how to acquire this virtue?

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