The power of praise 赞扬是阳光, 没有它生活的花儿便不能开放 ; 赞扬是黏合剂, 能聚合众多的朋友在您身边 ; 赞扬是一缕清新的空气, 扫除沉闷, 催人向上 ; 给予赞扬只需付出片刻的思索和努力, 然而产生的效果却难以估量.
The organization of the text Part Ⅰ (paras.1-3) a praise changed the author’s attitude. Part Ⅱ (paras.4-6) some statements about praise and its power Part Ⅲ (paras.7-10) praise can bring us something unexpected Part Ⅳ (paras.11-12) an experiment of the scientists shows that praise helps people to improve quickly Part Ⅴ (paras.13-14) the author calls on to pay more attention to the power of praise
Complete the table below hostessgirl students godgentlemen Princelion aunt policewoman nephewheroine cowactor
Complete the table below (key) hostess girl students godgentlemen princelion aunt policewoman nephewheroine cowactor host boy students goddesslady princess policeman niece hero bullactress lioness uncle
The frame of Part Ⅰ In the para. 1, author narrated her own experience as a waitress on the first day and said “I was ready to quit”. But in paras. 2-3 the author received praises from the customer and her manager, suddenly she changed her attitude towards her job. In one word, the author stated her own point of view towards praise and its power.
The frame of Part Ⅰ Translate the following sentence of para.1: As I made out a complicated check for a family with several children who had changed their ice-cream order a dozen times, I was ready to quit. 当我为有好几个孩子的一家人开好一份复杂的帐单时－－因 为这些孩子们在要冰激凌时换来换去有十几次之多－－我都 准备辞职不干了。 Those few words of praise had changed everything. 那两句赞扬的话改变了一切。
The frame of Part Ⅱ In para. 4, the author stated what is praise and the importance of praise to human beings: praise is like sunlight to human spirit. In para. 5, the author told us that why can praise of a word bring us pleasure. In para. 6, the author put forward her point of view that: people are not used to giving praise because we are not accustomed to accepting it.
The frame of Part Ⅰ Translate the following sentences in paras.4-6: Praise is like sunlight to the human spirit; we cannot flower and grow without it. 对于人的精神来说，赞扬就像阳光一样；没有它我们就不能 开花生长。 Perhaps it’s because few of us know how to accept compliments gracefully. 这也许是因为我们很少有人最低怎样大大方方地接受赞扬。
The frame of Part Ⅱ When one thinks of the speed with which spiteful remarks are conveyed, it seems a pity that there isn’t more effort to relay pleasing and flattering comments. 当我们想到那些充满恶意的言辞 传播得速度之快，我们就会感到， 人们没有做出更大的努力来传递 令人愉快、高兴的评语似乎是太 遗憾了。
The frame of Part Ⅲ In para. 7. It tells us: praise is especially rewarding to those whose efforts goes unnoticed and unmentioned. In para. 8. It shows that praise is particularly appreciated by those doing routine jobs. In para. 9. the author narrates a fact that: although we know the value of praise, we are still not perceptive enough.
The frame of Part Ⅲ In para. 10. the author takes teachers for example: teachers are aware of the value of praise. To sum up, Part Ⅲ mainly tells us that: praise can bring us something unexpected.
The frame of Part Ⅲ Translate the following sentence of paras.7-10: Praise is especially rewarding to those whose efforts goes unnoticed and unmentioned. 对于通常不为人们注意或提及的努力加以赞扬是特别有益的。 Mothers know instinctively that for children an ounce of praise worth a pound of scolding. 母亲们本能地知道，对于孩子们来说，一句赞扬抵得上十句 责骂．
The frame of Part Ⅳ In paras The author stated the result of an experiment carried out by the behavioral scientists. It shows that praise helps people to improve quickly. In virtue of this experiment, the author emphasizes the power of praise to human beings.
The frame of Part Ⅳ Translate the following sentence of paras : Behavioral scientists have done countless experiments to prove that any human being tends to repeat an act which has been immediately followed by a pleasant result. 行为科学家已经做过无数 次试验，证明任何人都往 往会重复一个立即产生出 愉快结果的动作．
The frame of Part Ⅴ In paras The author ended the passage by calling on to pay more attention to the power of praise. In this part, the author quoted the saying of Mark Twain— I can live for two months on a good compliment. which strengthened her point of view.
The frame of Part Ⅴ Translate the following sentence of paras.11-12: To give praise costs the giver nothing but a moment’s thought and a moment’s effort. 给予赞扬只需要给予者付出片刻的思索和片刻的努力． We will not only bring joy into other people’s lives, but also, very often, added happiness into our own. 我们将不仅给别人的生活带来欢乐，而且还常常会给我们 自己的生活增添更多的乐趣．
Language points 1 profit: n. advantages or good obtained from sth.; money gained in business Eg. Your mother did that for your profit. What’s the profit of doing that thing? Frank makes profits by buying and selling stocks.
Language points vt. Be of advantage to Eg. The new bus route profits those who do not have cars. It will profit you to absorb as much knowledge as possible while at university. vi. Be benefited or helped Eg. I profited a lot from the trip abroad.
Language points 2 exhaust: v. ① tire out Eg. We all felt exhausted by the stiff hike. ② use up Eg. The hero’s strength was exhausted after a long time in prison. The king soon exhausted every penny in the national treasury.
Language points n. outlet, in an engine or machine, for steam, vapor, etc. that has done its work Eg. The young man committed suicide by breathing in the car exhaust. The motorcycle has an open exhaust.
Language points 3 as, like: As can be used with a noun in the same way as like, both being prepositions. But there is some difference in meaning in that as has more emphasis on a specified capacity whereas like is basically synonymous with “in the manner of”
Language points Take a look at the difference between as and like. He worked as a slave.= he was a slave. He worked like a slave. = He worked in the manner of a slave, but he was a free man
Language points 4 load: v. put a full amount of things on or in sth. Eg. The father loaded the family into their new truck and drove west. n. that which is to be carried or supported Eg. Your arrival took a load off my mind. The tractor has a full load wheat.
Language points 5 discourage: Cause to lose courage or confidence Eg. Don’t let failure discourage you. The hero in the Greek mythology was never discouraged by his numerous misfortunes.
Language points 6 make out: write out Eg. The shop assistant made out a receipt for the customer who bought a camera. 7 dozen: twelve Eg. These eggs are sold at 99 cents a dozen.
Language points 8 quit: Stop doing something and leave Eg. George doesn’t like his present job as a waiter. He is quitting. I have quit my job. I am now making a living by freelancing.
Language points 9 only too: very Eg. If you invite him, he will be only too glad to attend. 10 reluctant: unwilling Eg. The official made a reluctant promise under the pressure that he would look into the matter.
Language points 11 somehow: In one way or another; for some reason that one does not understand or is not sure about Eg. We shall go there somehow. Time is pressing, but I will finish the work somehow in time.
Language points 12 not much of a: not a very good Eg. He is not much of an artist. The food is so-so, it wasn’t much of a dinner. 13 earn: Bring to or get as deserved, win Eg. Her hard work earned her the respect of her fellow workers.
Language points 14 embarrass: make awkward or ashamed Eg. The young teacher felt embarrassed to speak to a roomful of students. 15 pass on: Convey to another Eg. I passed the message on to all those whom it concern.
Language points 16 shrug off: Dismiss something as not deserving one’s attention or as unimportant Eg. James cut his hand, but he shrugged off his injury and went on his work. She can shrug off her troubles and keep smiling.
Language points 17 pat: n. tap with the open hand Eg. She gave the puppy a slight pat. v. tap gently with the open hand or with something flat Eg. She patted the seat next to her for him to sit down.
Language points 18 When one thinks of the speed with which spiteful remarks are conveyed, it seems a pity that there isn’t more effort to relay pleasing and flattering comments. : When one considers how quickly offensive remarks are passed from one to another, it seems a pity that we do not make effort to pass on compliments that will bring pleasure and satisfaction.
Language points convey: v. ① make (ideas, views, feelings, etc) known to another person Eg. I can hardly convey my gratitude in words. ② take; carry Eg. Conveyer belt in the airport convey passengers from one gate to another.
Language points flatter: give an often exaggerated feeling of pleasure to; praise insincerely (in order to please) Eg.He was flattered into believing that he was really exceptional. George was flattering Mary when he said she was a brilliant artist; he didn’t really mean it.
Language points comment: n. opinion, explanation or judgment written or spoken about an event, book, person, state of affairs, etc. Eg. Any comments on this topic are welcome. v. give opinion, explanation or judgment Eg. The State Department spokesman refused to comment on the recent political situation in East Europe.
Language points 19 it’s especially rewarding to give praise in areas in which efforts generally goes unnoticed and unmentioned. It’s particularly beneficial to praise those who do unexciting routine jobs and whose efforts is usually ignored or overlooked. generally: usually; in most cases Generally the morning post arrives at 7:00.
Language points 20 when the shirts are done just right: when the shirts are washed or cleaned exactly as excepted. 21 paper boy: A boy who delivers or sells newspapers
Language points 22 appreciate: understand and enjoy; be thankful for Eg. It was such a wonderful play I really appreciated it. 23. constructive: helping Eg. Students are urged to make full use of their summer vacation time.
Language points 24 routine: adj. not unusual or exciting; regular Eg. Relax. This is just a routine medical check. n. fixed and regular way of doing things Eg. His daily routine begins with checking messages.
Language points 25 an ounce of praise is worth a pound of scolding: Praise (in whatever small amount) is far more valuable than scolding (in whatever large amount) worth: having a value of; deserving Eg. This book is worth 10 dollars. scold: blame with angry words Eg. He scolded her for coming back late.
Language points 26 drown: ① cover completely with water Eg. Two years ago, most of the town was drowned by the floods. ② (cause to) die in water because unable to breathe Eg. Since ten years ago, over 50 people were drowned in the river.
Language points 27 favorably: with approval Eg. The young monitor was looked on favorably as a rising star. 28 ignore: not to take notice of; pay no attention to Eg. Those who ignore the traffic lights will be fined.
Language points 29 criticize: ① find fault with Eg. Why are you always criticizing him? ② form and give a judgment of; to assess the merits and demerits of Eg. The Sunday newspaper devoted a page to criticizing new books, films, and plays.
Language points 30 react: ① respond Eg. The government reacted to criticism and improved its image this year. ② respond to something with a feeling or take action (against) Eg. Peasants uprose in arms to react against the harsh regulations of the Qin dynasty.
Discussion 1 Do you think praise plays an important role in our daily life? List some profits of offering or accepting praises. 2 How do you understand Shakespeare’s word ”our praises are our wages”? 3 Good at offering praise to other is a kind of virtue, according to you, how to acquire this virtue?