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12-1 McGraw-Hill/Irwin © 2012 The McGraw-Hill Companies, All Rights Reserved McGraw-Hill/Irwin Copyright © 2013 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All.

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Presentation on theme: "12-1 McGraw-Hill/Irwin © 2012 The McGraw-Hill Companies, All Rights Reserved McGraw-Hill/Irwin Copyright © 2013 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All."— Presentation transcript:

1 12-1 McGraw-Hill/Irwin © 2012 The McGraw-Hill Companies, All Rights Reserved McGraw-Hill/Irwin Copyright © 2013 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.

2 12-2 Chapter 12 Building Résumés   Definition   Job Hunting   Personal Branding   Cautions about Social Networks   Guidelines   Kinds of Résumés   Résumé Information   Electronic Résumé   Honesty

3 12-3 Résumé Definition @Persuasive summary of qualifications for employment  Makes you look well organized, prepared  Highlights your unique qualifications  Helps you try for an even better job  Shows you how to prepare for job market

4 12-4 Job Hunting @Check services of career placement office @Join extracurricular organizations @Find jobs/internships that give you experience @Note which courses you like

5 12-5 Job Hunting, continued… @Conduct a self-assessment  Take personality and aptitude tests  Ask yourself some questions:  What skills and strengths do I have?  What achievements have given satisfaction?  What work conditions do I like?  Do I prefer firm deadlines or flexibility?  What kind of work/life balance do I want?  Where do I want to live? @Use the Internet to research jobs

6 12-6 Personal Branding @Marketing yourself @Use a variety of tools to do so:  LinkedIn  Personal web page  Blogs  Facebook  Twitter  Professional forums  Cover letter

7 12-7 Cautions about Social Networking @Remove any unprofessional material @Remove negative comments about current or past employers and teachers @Remove political or social rants @Remove any personal information that might embarrass you @Remove inappropriate material posted by friends, family, relatives @Check blog for writing aptitude

8 12-8 How Employers Use Résumés @To decide whom to interview @To screen applicants by scanning or skimming @To assess what they assume is your best work @To prepare for job interviews @To get final approval for selected applicants

9 12-9 Guidelines: Length @Fill at least one page @Average résumé these days: 2 pages  Put most important information on page 1  Put at least 10 lines on page 2  Include Name and Page 2

10 12-10 Guidelines: Emphasis @Emphasize your achievements  That are most relevant to position applied for  That show superiority to other applicants  That are recent

11 12-11 Guidelines: Emphasis, continued… @To emphasize information:  Put it at top or bottom of page  Set it off with white space  Give it in a vertical and/or bulleted list  Include it in an informative heading

12 12-12 Guidelines: Details @Give evidence to support your claims @Convince reader @Separate you from other applicants @Use numbers and descriptions @Omit details that add no value

13 12-13 Guidelines: Writing Style @Be concise (brief, but complete) @Use phrases and sentence fragments @Never use I; use me or my if you must @Use more action verbs than nouns @List items in parallel form

14 12-14 Guidelines: Key Words @Use words or phrases that employers will have the computer seek @May include:  Software programs  Job titles  Types of degrees  Job-specific skills, buzzwords, jargon  Professional organizations  Honor societies  Personality traits

15 12-15 Guidelines: Layout and Design @Experiment with layout, fonts, and spacing @Consider creating letterhead to use for your résumé and application letter @Use headings for reading ease @Avoid templates

16 12-16 Guidelines: Layout and Design, continued… @Work with fonts, bullets, and spacing to highlight information  Use no more than three fonts  Use color sparingly  Use at least 10-pt type  Use white space to group items @Select good quality 8 ½ x 11 paper

17 12-17 Kinds of Résumés: Chronological @Summarizes what you did in time line @Starts with most recent events, uses reverse chronology @Includes degrees, job titles, dates

18 12-18 Kinds of Résumés: Chronological, continued… @When to use—  Your education, experience closely related to job for which you’re applying  You have impressive job titles, offices, or honors

19 12-19 Kinds of Résumés: Skills @Emphasizes skills you’ve used, rather than the job in which you used them or the date @De-emphasizes job titles, employment history, dates a.k.a. functional résumé

20 12-20 Kinds of Résumé: Skills, continued… @When to use—  Your education and experience not usual route to applied job  You’re changing fields  You want to show broad experience from  Paid jobs  Volunteer work  Extracurricular activities  College courses

21 12-21 Résumé Information @Essential  Name and contact information  Education  Experience @Omit unfavorable information Always separate categories For over 7 items, use subheading

22 12-22 Résumé Information, continued… @Optional  Career Objective  Summary of Qualifications  Honors and Awards  Activities  References  Portfolio

23 12-23 Résumé Information: Contact Info @Use full name, even if you have a nickname @Center one address; type two side by side @Provide professional e-mail address @Provide phone (cell or land) where you can be reached during the day @Omit age, marital status, race, sex, and health

24 12-24 Résumé Information: Career Objective @Make it sound like employers’ job descriptions @Make it brief—2 lines at most @Tell what you want to do, level of responsibility you want @Targeted to a job at a specific company

25 12-25 Résumé Information: Summary of Qualifications @Show knowledge of specialized technology in your field @List accomplishments  Be specific; include numbers and amounts  Include as many keywords as you can

26 12-26 Résumé Information: Education @First main category in these cases—  Earn new degree  Need degree for job you’re seeking  Can present the information briefly @Put it later in these cases—  Need page 1 for another category  Lack degree that other applicants may have

27 12-27 Résumé Information: Education, continued… @Cover 4-year and graduate degrees  Include junior college if it gave you other expertise  Include study abroad, even non-credit courses  Give degrees, dates, schools, and cities @May list short, descriptive course titles @Include GPA—if it’s good—and what it’s based on: 3.4/4.0

28 12-28 Résumé Information: Honors and Awards @New college graduates put on page 1 @Include Honors and Awards if listing more than three items @Use Honors and Activities if listing fewer than three items

29 12-29 Résumé Information: Honors and Awards, continued… @Include entries that add to your professional image  Fellowships and scholarships  Awards from professional societies  Major awards from civic groups  Academic honor societies  Varsity letters

30 12-30 Résumé Information: Experience @Use heading that works best for you @Include this information for each job held—  Position or job title  Organization  City and state  Dates of employment  Job duties; other details

31 12-31 Résumé Information: Activities @Critical for new college graduates @Include this kind of information—  Volunteer work and student organizations  Professional associations  Activities involving talent or responsibility  Varsity or intramural athletics  Leadership roles

32 12-32 Résumé Information: References @Usually omit from résumé @Omit “References Available Upon Request” @Line up 3 to 5 people  New graduates include 1 professor, 1 employer or adviser—minimum  Choose persons who can comment on work habits, leadership skills  Don’t list relatives even if you worked for them  Omit personal or character references

33 12-33 Résumé Information: References, continued… @Ask the person’s permission  Jog their memory of your work @Keep list up-to-date @List this information—  Name and title  Organization  City and state  E-mail and phone number

34 12-34 Résumé Information: What to Omit @Personal information @Controversial activities or associations @High school facts @Trivial items

35 12-35 Electronic Résumés Basic guidelines of email job hunting etiquette: @Don’t use your current employer’s email @Set up a free, Internet-based email account @Avoid using silly or cryptic email addresses @Write a simple subject line @Test how résumé looks before sending @Send only one résumé

36 12-36 Electronic Résumés, continued… When sending résumé in text of email @ @Start all lines on left margin @ @Do not use bold, underlining, tabs, or unusual fonts @ @Put headings in all caps, but use sparingly @ @To avoid awkward line breaks, shorten line lengths to 65 characters and spaces


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