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McGraw-Hill/Irwin Copyright © 2013 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.

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Presentation on theme: "McGraw-Hill/Irwin Copyright © 2013 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved."— Presentation transcript:

1 McGraw-Hill/Irwin Copyright © 2013 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.

2 Chapter 12 Building Résumés Definition Job Hunting Personal Branding
Cautions about Social Networks Guidelines Kinds of Résumés Résumé Information Electronic Résumé Honesty

3 Résumé Definition Persuasive summary of qualifications for employment
Makes you look well organized, prepared Highlights your unique qualifications Helps you try for an even better job Shows you how to prepare for job market

4 Job Hunting Check services of career placement office
Join extracurricular organizations Find jobs/internships that give you experience Note which courses you like

5 Job Hunting, continued…
Conduct a self-assessment Take personality and aptitude tests Ask yourself some questions: What skills and strengths do I have? What achievements have given satisfaction? What work conditions do I like? Do I prefer firm deadlines or flexibility? What kind of work/life balance do I want? Where do I want to live? Use the Internet to research jobs

6 Personal Branding Marketing yourself Use a variety of tools to do so:
LinkedIn Personal web page Blogs Facebook Twitter Professional forums Cover letter

7 Cautions about Social Networking
Remove any unprofessional material Remove negative comments about current or past employers and teachers Remove political or social rants Remove any personal information that might embarrass you Remove inappropriate material posted by friends, family, relatives Check blog for writing aptitude

8 How Employers Use Résumés
To decide whom to interview To screen applicants by scanning or skimming To assess what they assume is your best work To prepare for job interviews To get final approval for selected applicants

9 Guidelines: Length Fill at least one page
Average résumé these days: 2 pages Put most important information on page 1 Put at least 10 lines on page 2 Include Name and Page 2

10 Guidelines: Emphasis Emphasize your achievements
That are most relevant to position applied for That show superiority to other applicants That are recent

11 Guidelines: Emphasis, continued…
To emphasize information: Put it at top or bottom of page Set it off with white space Give it in a vertical and/or bulleted list Include it in an informative heading

12 Guidelines: Details Give evidence to support your claims
Convince reader Separate you from other applicants Use numbers and descriptions Omit details that add no value

13 Guidelines: Writing Style
Be concise (brief, but complete) Use phrases and sentence fragments Never use I; use me or my if you must Use more action verbs than nouns List items in parallel form

14 Guidelines: Key Words Use words or phrases that employers will have the computer seek May include: Software programs Job titles Types of degrees Job-specific skills, buzzwords, jargon Professional organizations Honor societies Personality traits

15 Guidelines: Layout and Design
Experiment with layout, fonts, and spacing Consider creating letterhead to use for your résumé and application letter Use headings for reading ease Avoid templates

16 Guidelines: Layout and Design, continued…
Work with fonts, bullets, and spacing to highlight information Use no more than three fonts Use color sparingly Use at least 10-pt type Use white space to group items Select good quality 8 ½ x 11 paper

17 Kinds of Résumés: Chronological
Summarizes what you did in time line Starts with most recent events, uses reverse chronology Includes degrees, job titles, dates

18 Kinds of Résumés: Chronological, continued…
When to use— Your education, experience closely related to job for which you’re applying You have impressive job titles, offices, or honors

19 Kinds of Résumés: Skills
Emphasizes skills you’ve used, rather than the job in which you used them or the date De-emphasizes job titles, employment history, dates a.k.a. functional résumé

20 Kinds of Résumé: Skills, continued…
When to use— Your education and experience not usual route to applied job You’re changing fields You want to show broad experience from Paid jobs Volunteer work Extracurricular activities College courses

21 Always separate categories
Résumé Information Essential Name and contact information Education Experience Omit unfavorable information Always separate categories For over 7 items, use subheading

22 Résumé Information, continued…
Optional Career Objective Summary of Qualifications Honors and Awards Activities References Portfolio

23 Résumé Information: Contact Info Use full name, even if you have a nickname Center one address; type two side by side Provide professional address Provide phone (cell or land) where you can be reached during the day Omit age, marital status, race, sex, and health

24 Résumé Information: Career Objective
Make it sound like employers’ job descriptions Make it brief—2 lines at most Tell what you want to do, level of responsibility you want Targeted to a job at a specific company

25 Résumé Information: Summary of Qualifications
Show knowledge of specialized technology in your field List accomplishments Be specific; include numbers and amounts Include as many keywords as you can

26 Résumé Information: Education
First main category in these cases— Earn new degree Need degree for job you’re seeking Can present the information briefly Put it later in these cases— Need page 1 for another category Lack degree that other applicants may have

27 Résumé Information: Education, continued…
Cover 4-year and graduate degrees Include junior college if it gave you other expertise Include study abroad, even non-credit courses Give degrees, dates, schools, and cities May list short, descriptive course titles Include GPA—if it’s good—and what it’s based on: 3.4/4.0

28 Résumé Information: Honors and Awards
New college graduates put on page 1 Include Honors and Awards if listing more than three items Use Honors and Activities if listing fewer than three items

29 Résumé Information: Honors and Awards, continued…
Include entries that add to your professional image Fellowships and scholarships Awards from professional societies Major awards from civic groups Academic honor societies Varsity letters

30 Résumé Information: Experience
Use heading that works best for you Include this information for each job held— Position or job title Organization City and state Dates of employment Job duties; other details

31 Résumé Information: Activities
Critical for new college graduates Include this kind of information— Volunteer work and student organizations Professional associations Activities involving talent or responsibility Varsity or intramural athletics Leadership roles

32 Résumé Information: References
Usually omit from résumé Omit “References Available Upon Request” Line up 3 to 5 people New graduates include 1 professor, 1 employer or adviser—minimum Choose persons who can comment on work habits, leadership skills Don’t list relatives even if you worked for them Omit personal or character references

33 Résumé Information: References, continued…
Ask the person’s permission Jog their memory of your work Keep list up-to-date List this information— Name and title Organization City and state and phone number

34 Résumé Information: What to Omit
Personal information Controversial activities or associations High school facts Trivial items

35 Electronic Résumés Basic guidelines of email job hunting etiquette:
Don’t use your current employer’s Set up a free, Internet-based account Avoid using silly or cryptic addresses Write a simple subject line Test how résumé looks before sending Send only one résumé

36 Electronic Résumés, continued…
When sending résumé in text of Start all lines on left margin Do not use bold, underlining, tabs, or unusual fonts Put headings in all caps, but use sparingly To avoid awkward line breaks, shorten line lengths to 65 characters and spaces


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