Presentation on theme: "Election of 1824 A Clash of Personal Ambitions Transition – Election of electors Rivals sought to embarrass each other First election to tabulate a popular."— Presentation transcript:
Election of 1824 A Clash of Personal Ambitions Transition – Election of electors Rivals sought to embarrass each other First election to tabulate a popular vote
William H Crawford
John C. Calhoun
John Quincy Adams
General Andrew Jackson
Adams For President Clay gave Adams his votes for President Clay became Secretary of State The Corrupt Bargain
Transportation Revolution The Great Migration Who should pay for improvements The National Road River Travel Erie Canal Consequences of the Transportation Revolution
Travel by stagecoach
The Concord Stage
Plank Road Tollbooth
MacAdamized Road 1 st Macadamized Road in the USA – The Cumberland Road
The Erie Canal
The Erie Canal Grainboat
The Erie Canal Packetboat
The Administration of John Quincy Adams –Best prepared US President –Personality –Physical appearance –Politics “Corrupt Bargain” First Annual Message to Congress (State of the Union) Showed Federalist roots
John McLean Postmaster General The postal network –Stagecoach lines –Transportation and communication
Election of 1828 National Republicans Democrats Dirtiest in US History! Personal attacks –ADAMS – A pimp for the Russian Tsar –JACKSON – Adulterer –Corrupt Bargain Jackson Wins Rise of the Political Machinery
The Brand New DEMOCRATIC PARTY Andrew Jackson for President John C. Calhoun For Vice President
The NATIONAL REPUBLICAN PARTY John Quincy Adams for President Richard Rush For Vice President
Murder : Jackson was famed for his incendiary temper and had led a life filled with violence and controversy. He had taken part in several duels, killing a man in a notorious one in Adultery : Jackson was accused of adultery and vilified for running off with another man’s wife. And his wife was accused of bigamy. Attacks on Jackson
Jackson had ordered 6 militiamen, who had fought in the Battle of New Orleans, executed for desertion. October 18, We lay this far- famed handbill before our readers today. We have two reasons for doing so. Many of them have never yet seen it-this is one reason. The other is, that the Jacksonites call it an infamous bill, and pronounce all its statements false. It is neither infamous nor false. If there be any infamy connected with it, that infamy should attach to General Jackson-for, however black-however appalling this bill may appear, it presents but an inadequate representation of the still blacker and still more appalling acts of this violent and vindictive man...
Secretary of State Henry Clay sewing Andrew Jackson’s mouth shut
Attacks on Adams Elitist : The son of founding father and second president John Adams, began his career in public service by working as the secretary to the American envoy to Russia when he was still a teenager. He had an illustrious career as a diplomat, which formed the basis for his later career in politics. Pimp The supporters of Andrew Jackson began spreading a rumor that Adams, while serving as American ambassador to Russia, had procured an American girl for the sexual services of the Russian czar. The attack was no doubt baseless, but the Jacksonians delighted in it, even calling Adams a “pimp” and claiming that procuring women explained his great success as a diplomat. Spendthrift : Adams was also attacked for having a billiard table in the White House and allegedly charging the government for it. It was true that Adams played billiards in the White House, but he paid for the table with his own funds.
How the Candidates Reacted to the Attacks John Quincy Adams reacted by refusing to get involved with the campaign tactics. He was so offended by what was happening that he even refused to write in the pages of his diary from August 1828 until after the election. Jackson, on the other hand, was so furious about the attacks on himself and his wife that he got more involved. He wrote to newspaper editors giving them guidelines on how attacks should be countered and how their own attacks should proceed.
Jackson’s Reaction to the Jackass comments
1828 ELECTION RESULTS
The Jackson Journal Article: You are sitting in a restaurant in 1828 and overhear a heated conversation in the booth next to you. The two men are arguing about their support of the presidential candidates. One is a Adams supporter and the other supports Jackson. Write the conversation. One Full Page
1828 CAMPAIGN NEWSPAPER You have just invested an enormous amount of money on a printing press to publish a newspaper and must now sell papers to the local townsfolk. The best way for you to sell them is to support a presidential candidate in 1828 and appeal to their supporters. 1 - Select a candidate to support 2 – Choose an election issue or two and write a headline then support it in your newspaper. You can include images, drawings, and political cartoons.
The Jackson Administration
Spoils System To the victor go the spoils Jackson gave cushy government Jobs and contracts to his political Friends and supporters
Tariff of Abominations 1827 High tariff on imported goods
Nullification Crisis 1828 South Carolina is angry About the tariff and Threatens to secede
Nullification Crisis 1828 High tariff on imported goods South Carolina is angry and Threatens to secede Jackson threatened to invade Crisis resolved by Henry Clay (lowered the tariff)
Veto of the National Bank 1832 McCullough v Maryland – Congress could create a national bank to deposit US funds Jackson hated the bank and Vetoed Federal $ moved to state banks
President Andrew Jackson killing the monster (the National Bank)
Peggy Eaton Affair 1831
The Whig Party 1832 The “Anti King” Political Party Henry Clay
INDIAN REMOVAL POLICY
Intolerance To not accept the opinions or rights of a group of people. In the case of Indian removal, Andrew Jackson was intolerant of the rights of the various Indian Nations to occupy their own lands because they were considered savages who were in the way of progress.
Stereotype An assumed and often wrong impression of a group of people In the case of Indian removal, Indians were considered savages who were incapable of becoming civilized.
Indian Removal Act Law signed by President Jackson which forced the Indian Nations to surrender their homelands and relocate to Indian Territory (Present day Oklahoma)
INDIAN TERRITORY Circa 1830
Blackhawk Leader of the Sauk/Fox Indians banished from Illinois and Wisconsin
Osceola Leader of the Second Seminole War
Sequoya Cherokee who created the written Cherokee language
The Cherokee Nation
The Trail of Tears
Jackson “Hero or Villain” Essay Assignment You must now decide whether you believe Andrew Jackson was a hero or villain based upon what you have learned about the Jacksonian Era.. This assignment is about your character. Imagine your character is writing a letter to Andrew Jackson. You must explain to the resident why you support or despise him based on the facts taught in class. This assignment is a RAFT assignment (Role, Audience, Format, Topic) and should be written in letter format. Role: Your Journal character Audience: President Andrew Jackson Format: A letter Topic: Explain to the President whether you think he is a hero or villain