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New College English (Book Three, Second Edition) Unit 1 Personality.

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Presentation on theme: "New College English (Book Three, Second Edition) Unit 1 Personality."— Presentation transcript:

1 New College English (Book Three, Second Edition) Unit 1 Personality

2 Contents Preparation 1 Structure & Text 3 After-class Reading 4 2 Words Study 5 6 Homework Time for Fun

3 Warming-up questions  Describe your own personality objectively  Recognize your strengths  Ways of being confident

4 Lead-in Proverbs and Sayings Lead-in Proverbs and Sayings You have to believe in yourself. That‘s the secret of success. -- Charles Chaplin · 人必须有自信,这是成功的秘密。 -- 卓别林 Confidence doesn't need any specific reason. If you're alive, you should feel 100 percent confident. 自信不需要理由, 生活应该保持 100 分的自信

5 Word Study

6 accent [v.] emphasize [n.] a particular way of speaking 请完成下面的句子。 ExerciseExercise He speaks English with a strong German accent When advertising, you must accent the areas where your product is better than your competitors’.

7 assurance [n.] 1) a promise; a guarantee 2) confidence Tom gave his assurance that he would not be late. TranslationTranslation She spoke in a tone of assurance

8 constant [adj.] 1) happening all the time 2) staying the same He is in constant trouble with the police. TranslationTranslation He drove at a constant speed.

9 contrast contrast [n.] the comparison of objects or situations [v.] compare two things or people so that differences are made clear In contrast with/to your belief that we will fail, I am confident that we will succeed. TranslationTranslation She contrasted the situation then with the present crisis.

10 eliminate [v.] 1) remove or get rid of something or someone 2) defeat a team in a competition 淘汰 The police have eliminated two suspects from their investigation. TranslationTranslation Our team was eliminated in the first round

11 passive [adj.] inactive; not acting much 被动的,消极的 TranslationTranslation Emma plays far too passive role in group discussions. You are passive when you allow things to happen, but do nothing.

12 self-esteem [n.] one’s good opinion of one’s own worth 自尊 The program is designed to help children from broken families build their self- esteem. TranslationTranslation Losing the job was a real blow to his self- esteem.

13 timid [adj.] shy and easily frightened or alarmed 羞怯的,胆怯的 请完成下面的句子。 ExerciseExercise 这个胆怯的学生不敢和老师讲话。 The ______student was afraid to talk to his teacher timid Many birds are______ and fly away as you come near them. timid

14 unattractive [adj.] not pretty or pleasant to look 无吸引力的,不美的 请完成下面的句子。 ExerciseExercise He was an ____________man with a big nose 长着一个大鼻子,他一点不好看。 unattractive Wearing an ____________ blouse and old- fashioned skirt, Lisa looked older than she was. 穿者过时的衬衫和裙子,丽莎看起来比她实际 年龄大 unattractive

15 come along: appear or arrive e.g. Take any job opportunity that comes along. e.g. My whole body broke out in a sweat. dwell on : think or talk for too long about something, especially something unpleasant e.g. Don’t dwell too much on painful memories. have something at heart: be deeply concerned about e.g. Private employment agencies may not have your best interests at heart

16 in contrast: used when you are comparing objects or situations and saying that they are completely different from each other e.g. In contrast to her elder brother, she was always considerate in her treatment of others. of one’s choice : chosen by oneself e.g. Parents cannot always have the school of their choice for their children set aside : keep something,esp. money or time for a special purpose e.g. Try to set aside at least an hour each day for learning new words.

17 1. Introduction (Para. 1) Shyness is the cause of much unhappiness for a great many people. 2. Reasons why shyness can have a negative effect (Para. 2-3) People’s self-concept has a profound effect on all areas of their lives. People with high self-esteem usually act with confidence. People with low self-esteem are likely to be passive and easily influenced by others.

18 3. Ways of overcoming shyness (Para. 4-15) The better we understand ourselves, the easier it becomes to live up to our full potential. 4. Conclusion (Para. 16)

19 After –Class Reading –Key Words and Phrases  Passage 1:  aptitude confine convinced despair disagreement enduring habitually misfortune optimist pessimist prediction self-fulfilling setback startle temporary undermine  be apt to be prone to in a…light in the grip of in the meantime run for  Passage 2:  acquire explanatory fearful guarantee impress inclined incompetent justify performance  hold someone back keep track of reach out for take credit

20 Comparing Optimists with Pessimists OptimistsPessimists Defining characteristic defeat is temporary and is limited to one case only; do not blame themselves bad events will last a long time; will undermine everything they do; blame themselves Thinking patternpositivenegative Attitude towards difficulties or failures see things in their least threatening light; regard bad events as temporary challenges to overcome imagine the worst Attitude towards success take creditconsider it as luck Action taken when things go badly act quickly, look for solutions, form a new plan of action and seek advice Move slowly and do not seek advice

21 Comparing Optimists with Pessimists OptimistsPessimists Consequences of the two different ways of looking at life bounce back quickly, and regain energy soon; do much better in school and at work; are happier, healthier and more successful Give up easily and get depressed more often; recover slowly; are more likely to suffer from hopelessness, loneliness and painful shyness; get physically sick more often; have more middle-age diseases

22 Assignments

23 Ways of Being Confident 1. Make a list of special talents you have, or things you do that are good—morally or otherwise. Focusing on your attributes helps distract you from those parts of yourself that you think are flawed. It doesn't have to be a specific skill or activity either; it can be an approach or an attitude that you champion through life. Do you always stay calm, cool and collected, even in hurried situations? Are you very patient with people? Do you always see the humorous side of things? Are you always there for your friends?. specialcalmcoolpatientfriends

24 2. Find your passion. Whether it's baton twirling, martial arts, classic cars, or basket weaving, you will feel confident pursuing that endeavor by recognizing what you enjoy doing the most. More importantly, you'll be enjoying your progressFind your passionbaton twirling martial artsclassic carsbasket weaving feel confidentenjoy 3. Choose a role model, whether someone close to you, or someone famous. Think of the qualities that the role model displays, whether physical, emotional, moral, and/or spiritual.Make sure they have done something that is special and related to you. Work towards acquiring their special talents.spiritual Ways of Being Confident

25 4. Focus on others. Try not to focus negatively on what others think of you. Instead, focus more on what they think of themselves, and try to help them become happier and more confidentnegatively 5. Accept compliments gracefully. Don't roll your eyes and say, "Yeah, right," or shrug it off. Take it to heart and respond positively ("Thank you" and a smile works well).Accept compliments positivelyThank yousmile Ways of Being Confident

26 6. Know that you have important things to say and do. When you feel strongly about something, speak loudly and clearly and make eye contact with people. Let go of your fear of coming off as annoying or overbearing. People will judge you all the time, and usually they'll misjudge you anyway, so why bother trying to cater to their opinions at all?speak loudlyclearly make eye contact with people

27 Ways of Being Confident 7. Take care of yourself. Eat a healthy diet and get enough exercise. Don't abuse your body, don't overload it, and don't deny it any of the things it needs. At the same time, don't obsess. Buying all the moisturizers, creams and conditioners will not bring you closer to who you want to be. Those things are only band- aids and make up. Confidence comes from within. Take the time to reflect on your life and do some emotional maintenance. In order to be confident, you must value yourself and understand that your well-being is important.Eat a healthy diet

28 Ways of Being Confident 8. Stick up for yourself. If people put you down (and not in a good-natured, joking way), then let them know that their opinion of you is not held by everyone--most of all yourself. This may, at first, be hard to do. But once you stick up for yourself a few times, your confidence builds and you get more adept at it.

29 Ways of Being Confident 9. Celebrate your individuality. If you know you've got something special or different, then embrace it—don't hide it! That's diversity! You may wish that you were taller, or shorter, skinnier, stronger, whatever the case may be. But you need to realize that if you were like everyone else, then you wouldn't be who you are. "What am I?" you ask; the answer's easy: You're a unique individual who is capable of growing and learning.Celebrate your individuality.

30 Ways of Being Confident 10. Improve your posture. Having good posture can actually make you feel more confident. Don't slouch or slump your shoulders. Make sure that your back is straight, your shoulders are square, and your chest is puffed out slightly (but stay loose, otherwise you'll appear stiff and uptight). Good posture also helps with deep breathing, which helps with feeling calm and relaxed.Improve your posture

31 Ways of Being Confident 11. Take action. It is surprising how powerful the simple step of taking an action can be. And the action you take need not be something extravagant or grand. It could be something as simple as tackling a task that you have been procrastinating, such as writing a letter or tidying up that corner of the garage that has been out of control for the last several months. It could also be something as interesting as taking a class in yoga, art, interior design, anything that interests you that you haven't done yet. Whether large or small, action brings with it exhilaration, enthusiasm, and the confidence that other things can be done as well.

32 Allocutions( 训言 ) on the Wall of the Harvard University Library

33 1.Sleep now, Dream will come out; Study now, Dream will come true. 此刻打盹,你会做梦;此刻学习,梦想成真。 2.My wasteful today is the tomorrow those losers begging for. 我荒废之今日,正是昨日失败者祈求之明日。 3.The earliest moment is when you think it is too late. 知道太晚之时,恰是最早之日。 4.Better do it today than tomorrow. 今日事,今日毕。

34 5.The pain of study is temporary; the pain of not study is lifelong. 学习之苦痛是暂时,不学之苦痛是终生。 6.You do not lack time to study, you are lacking the efforts. 并非缺乏时间学习,而是缺乏努力。 7.There might not be a ranking of happiness but there is surely a ranking of success. 幸福或许不排名次,但成功必排名次。

35 8.Study is one but not the only component of your life, but if you cannot even overcome this single component, what can you overcome? 学习仅为人生的一部分,但如果连这一部分也无法 完成,还能做什么呢? 9.Please enjoy the pain if it is unavoidable. 10.Get up early; Grind out hardy; Gain on success. 。 请享受无法回避的痛苦。 早起,奋发,进取

36 11.Nobody succeeds easily without complete self-control and strong perseverance. 没有人能轻易成功,唯有彻底的自控和毅力使然。 12.Time passes by. 时间在流逝。 13.Today’s slaver will drain into tomorrow’s tear. 今日垂涎,明日流泪。

37 14.Study like a dog; Play like a gentleman. 像狗一样的学,绅士一样的玩。 15.Stop walking today and you ‘ll have to run tomorrow. 今日不走,明天须跑。 16.People who invest the future are the true realists. 投资未来之人是真正的现实主义者。

38 17.Education equals income. 教育等同收入。 18.Today never comes back. 今日逝,不再来。

39 19.Even at this very moment your competitors will not stop flipping pages. 即使此刻,对手也在翻动书页。 20.No pain, no gain. 不劳则无获。

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41 注:课件部分图片及文字来自于西北工业大学国家精品课程课件。


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