Presentation on theme: "Do Now: Read the following sentences and describe the difference in tone. What did the writer do to alter the tone? Dearest students, I humbly entreat."— Presentation transcript:
Do Now: Read the following sentences and describe the difference in tone. What did the writer do to alter the tone? Dearest students, I humbly entreat you to abandon your mobile devices, and instead devote your attention to today’s rhetoric lesson. Yo, listen up! Drop your iphone and get with the English program!
What is Diction? Diction is the author’s word choice. Diction contributes to the overall tone of a text. Common Types of Diction Elevated or Formal Diction Consists of a dignified, impersonal, and elevated use of language; it follows the rules of grammar/syntax exactly and is often characterized by complex words. Middle DictionConsists of correct language usage, but is less elevated than formal diction; it reflects the way most educated people speak. Colloquial, low DictionConsists of vernacular or slang, and often uses idiomatic expressions Poetic DictionDescriptive, elevated language full of imagery, metaphors, and similes.
Elevated or Formal Diction Circle the words in this paragraph that contribute to the author’s formal diction. In looking at many small points of difference between species, which, as far as our ignorance permits us to judge, seem quite unimportant, we must not forget that climate, food, etc., have no doubt produced some direct effect. It is also necessary to bear in mind that owing to the law of correlation, when one part varies and the variations are accumulated through natural selection, other modifications, often of the most unexpected nature, will ensue. (Charles Darwin, The Origin of Species)
Middle Diction It is an overlooked fact that children—from elementary school through high school—get an hour less sleep each night than they did thirty years ago. While modern parents obsess about our babies sleep, this concern falls off the priority list after pre-school. Even kindergarteners get thirty minutes less a night than they used to. (Bronson and Merryman, Nurture Shock)
Colloquial or Low Diction “Shoot, I must have lived such a doggoned sheltered life as a normal, independent American up there in the Last Frontier, schooled with only public education and a lowly state university degree, because obviously I haven't learned enough to dismiss common sense.” (Sarah Palin, on opposition to offshore oil drilling, Facebook note, June 13, 2010)
Poetic Diction But, soft! what light through yonder window breaks? It is the east, and Juliet is the sun. Arise, fair sun, and kill the envious moon, Who is already sick and pale with grief, That thou her maid art far more fair than she: Be not her maid, since she is envious; Her vestal livery is but sick and green And none but fools do wear it; cast it off. It is my lady, O, it is my love! O, that she knew she were!
We Do: Diction Excerpts On your own, determine the diction, tone, and rhetorical devices used in your assigned excerpt. You will then group together with students who examined the other excerpts, and share your answers.
You Do: Turbulence Read and annotate the Sedaris piece “Turbulence” and answer the discussion questions that follow. Annotation Guide: -Underline words that reveal diction and tone -Ask at least 1 question/make 1 comment per page. -Label rhetorical devices