Presentation on theme: "P REDICTING W ELL -B EING FROM B UDDHIST I NSPIRED C ONSTRUCTS : L INKING, M INDFULNESS, AND S ELF - C OMPASSION Thomas Harlow, Robert Arrowood, Kate Barford,"— Presentation transcript:
P REDICTING W ELL -B EING FROM B UDDHIST I NSPIRED C ONSTRUCTS : L INKING, M INDFULNESS, AND S ELF - C OMPASSION Thomas Harlow, Robert Arrowood, Kate Barford, Jennifer Grant, Cierra Ockstadt, and Brian Pope Tusculum College
A N E MPTY B OAT
B UDDHIST CONCEPTS Shenpa Sukha Duhkha Three poisons Craving/passion Hatred/fear Misperceiving/ignorance
M C I NTOSH, AND M ARTIN (1992) L INKING “Imagine over the next six months the following things happen: Someone gives you a new car, then you fail two classes, then you go on a great vacation to Hawaii, then someone steals your car.” A) My happiness will swing up and down as the events in my life change. B) These are just natural events and won’t necessarily influence my happiness.
N EFF ’ S (2003) S ELF -C OMPASSION Self-kindness “I try to be understanding and patient towards those aspects of my personality I don’t like” Common Humanity “When I feel inadequate in some way, I try to remind myself that feelings of inadequacy are shared by most people” Mindfulness “When I fail at something important to me I try to keep things in perspective” Self-judgment “When I see an aspect of myself that I don’t like, I get down on myself” Isolation “When I fail at something important to me I tend to feel alone in my failure” Over-identification “When I’m feeling down I tend to obsess and fixate on everything that’s wrong”
B AER, S MITH, H OPKINS, K RIETEMEYER, AND T ONEY ’ S (2006) F IVE F ACETS OF M INDFULNESS Q UESTIONNAIRE (FFMQ) Describing “I’m good at finding words to describe my feelings” Acting with Awareness “I find myself doing things without paying attention” Non-judging of experience “I think some of my emotions are bad or inappropriate and I shouldn’t feel them” Non-reactivity to inner experience “Usually when I have distressing thoughts or images, I am able to just notice them without reacting” Observing, attending to sensations “I pay attention to sensations such as the wind in my hair or sun on my face”
S CHEIER, C ARVER, & B RIDGES ’(1994) L IFE O RIENTATION T EST -R EVISED (LOT-R) “Overall, I expect more good things to happen to me than bad” “In uncertain times, I usually expect the best”
R YFF ’ S (1989) S CALES OF P SYCHOLOGICAL W ELL -B EING (RPWB) Self-Acceptance positive attitude towards self Positive relations with others warm, satisfying, trusting relations Autonomy self-determined, independent Environmental Mastery competence in managing environment to meet one’s needs Purpose in Life has goals in life, sense of direction and meaning Personal Growth sees self as growing, open to new experiences
B LAISE, ET AL. (1999) S CHWARTZ O UTCOME S CALE (SOS-10) “I have peace of mind” “I am often interested and excited about things in my life”
M ETHOD Participants : 253 Intro to Psych Students Excluded students spending <5 s per question 143 Females and 68 males Instruments the 26-item (SC) ten-item Rumination Scale (McIntosh, Harlow, & Martin, 1995) the FFMQ (Baer, Smith, Hopkins, Krietemeyer, and Toney, 2006) 84-item RPWB (Ryff,1989) the SOS-10 (Blaise, et al., 1999) the ten-item LOT-R (Scheier, et al.,1994) 22-item Linking Scale (McIntosh & Martin,1992)
R ESULTS AND D ISCUSSION Preliminary Analysis & Variable Construction Linking (alpha=.83) SC (alpha =.87) Mindfulness, though, is better considered multifaceted (component alphas > construct composites) Lot-R (alpha=.81) Well-Being (WB) =RWBS + SOS-R (combined alpha=.90)
C ORRELATIONS AMONG B UDDHIST I NSPIRED C ONSTRUCTS, O PTIMISM AND W ELL -B EING
S IGNIFICANT BIC P REDICTORS O F W ELL -B EING
S IGNIFICANT BIC P REDICTORS O F O PTIMISM
2- STEP MODEL OF BIC AND O PTIMISM P REDICTING W ELL -B EING
S IGNIFICANT DIRECT EFFECTS PREDICTING W ELL -B EING
P ATH M ODEL
J OSHU ' S "W ASH Y OUR B OWL "
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