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© Love Publishing: Cheung & Leung11 Meeting 6 Person-Centered Theories: Satir’s Communication & Human Validation Process © Cheung, M., & Leung, P. (2008).

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Presentation on theme: "© Love Publishing: Cheung & Leung11 Meeting 6 Person-Centered Theories: Satir’s Communication & Human Validation Process © Cheung, M., & Leung, P. (2008)."— Presentation transcript:

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2 © Love Publishing: Cheung & Leung11 Meeting 6 Person-Centered Theories: Satir’s Communication & Human Validation Process © Cheung, M., & Leung, P. (2008). Multicultural practice and evaluation: A case approach to evidence-based practice. Denver, CO: Love. Instructors who adopt this book may use this PowerPoint to teach your course without prior permission. Please address questions and comments to

3 © Love Publishing: Cheung & Leung22 Watching Carl Rogers in Action Interviewing Gloria Please watch this on your own Pay attention to Rogerian techniques that can be used in social work —not as a pure approach—transtheoretically with other approaches Rogerian techniques:  Use of minimal encouragers  Active listening  Validating client’s answers (by echoing, positive regard)  Rapport building  Providing feedback  Reflecting meanings  Reflecting feelings  Paying attention to client’s nonverbal responses Listen to Rogers’ self disclosure as a learning process

4 © Love Publishing: Cheung & Leung33 Satir’s Humanistic Theory: Human Validation Process Focus:  Expanding one’s past experience to include what the current experience is  Touching base with one’s vulnerability  Identifying ways to live with nurture

5 © Love Publishing: Cheung & Leung44 5 Postures that Explain Human Interactions Placating: Not able to see self worth and can’t fulfill needs to grow Blaming: Not able to communicate effectively with others; being a loner Computing: Ignores and denies feelings that belong to self or others; always calculates cost–benefits Distracting: Takes focus off the conflict through attention seeking Leveling: Is empathic and positive when interacting with others

6 (c) Love Publishing: Cheung & Leung5Dr. Monit Cheung5 1.Dysfunctional families do not appropriately practice communication skills Thus, the individual’s growth will be blocked 2.Family communication patterns are passed from one generation to the next Thus, we must create a nurturing environment for our children 3.Families are guided to understand that sometimes failure is a normal part of life Thus, no blaming is necessary to pass through problems 4.Therapy usually ends when the family is able to communicate well with each other and self-esteem has been restored Thus, it is not good to end when the individuals still obsess with a sense of unfinished business Satir Communication Theory

7 (c) Love Publishing: Cheung & Leung6Dr. Monit Cheung6 Techniques ( The therapist’s role is always active and encouraging ) Family Sculpture Communication Stances Family Stress Ballet Ropes Family maps Role Playing Chronologies  Communication Stances  Family Sculpture  Family Stress Ballet  Ropes  Family maps  Role Playing  Chronologies Techniques The therapist’s role is always active and encouraging, trying to help each family member gain access to the fullest potential:

8 © Love Publishing: Cheung & Leung 77 Family Sculpture A nonverbal experiential technique, in which family members position themselves in a tableau that reveals significant aspects of their perceptions and feelings Therapeutic Procedures: Volunteers standing for the family’s weaknesses Therapist standing for the clients to perform the mapping Drawing in regard to positions and postures

9 (c) Love Publishing: Cheung & Leung8Dr. Monit Cheung8 Chronologies’ goal Chronologies Goals:  To empower family members to think about each member’s characteristics and relationship patterns  To locate thought patterns that have formed the basis for the developed or developing relationships within the family

10 (c) Love Publishing: Cheung & Leung9Dr. Monit Cheung9 Chronologies  Birth of grandparents  Birth of parents  Parents met each other  Parents’ education, occupation  Parents’ marriage or other significant events  Birth of I.P.  Birth order of siblings  Education of siblings  Marriages or other events related to siblings

11 © Love Publishing: Cheung & Leung10 Therapeutic Comments According to Humanistic/ Validation Process Approaches It sounds to me… I’m noticing that…

12 © Love Publishing: Cheung & Leung11 Practice: Therapeutic Comments It sounds to me … My sense is … Does that fit for you? Is that working for you? Please acknowledge your feelings. Check that feeling out. Let’s process that feeling. Can you stay in the now? What are you feeling right now? Would you change “he” to “I” in this statement? Thank you for noticing what I just said. I’m noticing that … What’s coming up close to me is … What I see is … What you said is … It’s been clear that … What’s true for me is … It’s important that you take a look at … Have you asked yourself … Are you willing to take a risk? I would like some feedback from you … How about sharing more?

13 © Love Publishing: Cheung & Leung 12 Five Stages of Therapy Stage One: Late Status Quo Stage Two: Resistance Stage Five: New Status Quo Stage Four: Integration Stage Three: Chaos

14 © Love Publishing: Cheung & Leung 13 Video: Forgiving Parents Video: NLP Comprehensive. (1989). Families and relationships: #3--Forgiving parents Valmont, Boulder, CO. What specific techniques did Virginia use to help Linda understand her communication problem with her mother? What techniques did Virginia use to help Linda? What are the strengths in this approach? What are the weaknesses in this approach?

15 © Love Publishing: Cheung & Leung 14 Time for Joy (Satir, 1972) I am me. In all the world, there is no one else exactly like me. There are persons who have some parts like me, but no one adds up exactly like me. Therefore, everything that comes out of me is authentically mine because I alone chose it. I own everything about me—my body, including everything it does; my mind, including all its thoughts and ideas; my eyes, including the images of all they behold; my feelings, whatever they may be—anger, joy, frustration, love, disappointment, excitement; my mouth, and all the words that come out of it, polite, sweet or rough, correct or incorrect; my voice, loud or soft; and all my actions, whether they be to others or to myself. I own my fantasies, my dreams, my hopes, my fears. I own all my triumphs and successes, all my failures and mistakes. Because I own all of me, I can become intimately acquainted with me. By so doing I can love me and be friendly with me in all my parts. I can then make it possible for all of me to work in my best interests. … I am me and I am okay.

16 © Love Publishing: Cheung & Leung 15 References Cheung, M., & Leung, P. (2008). Multicultural practice and evaluation: A case approach to evidence-based practice. Denver, CO: Love. Goldenberg, H., & Goldenberg, I. (2008). Family therapy: An overview. Belmont, CA: Thomson Brooks/Cole. Satir, V. (1972). Peoplemaking. Palo Alto, CA: Science and Behavior Books. Satir, V. (1983). Conjoint family therapy. Palo Alto, CA: Science and Behavior Books.


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