Presentation on theme: "1 Resource Efficiency is the Key to Resilient Local Governments Presentation for ICLEI Dennis Meadows Seville 21 March 2007."— Presentation transcript:
1 Resource Efficiency is the Key to Resilient Local Governments Presentation for ICLEI Dennis Meadows Seville 21 March 2007
2 Overview of my Comments Humanity’s use of energy and resources has grown above sustainable levels. Although hopes and expectations are for continued growth, energy and resource use will decline over the coming decades (we can choose the path, or it will be forced on us.) CO 2 emissions and petroleum use are just two things that must be reduced (also food, ground water, trees, biodiversity, and others.) Responsibility for passing through the period of decline peacefully and equitably, while reducing the permanent damage to the ecosystem, will fall on local governments. Governments must solve global and universal problems using both adaptive strategies and preventive strategies - increased efficiency is essential for both of these. New technologies will be helpful, but they will not eliminate the need for ethical and cultural change.
8 Overshoot and Decline Resources Population Pollution Industrial Output Food
9 Sustainable Development Resources Population Pollution Industrial Output Food
10 “Sind die Menschen noch zu retten?” Die Zeit, 16.11.06 If current trends of overfishing and pollution continue,.. all seafood faces collapse by 2048. By the middle of the century … no fewer than 7 billion people in 60 countries may be faced with water scarcity. Human beings and the natural world are on a collision course... Fundamental changes are urgent…. - more than 1,600 scientists, including 102 Nobel laureates, from 70 countries (Ignoring climate change) “could create risks of major Disruption to economic and social activity… on a scale Similar to those associated with the great wars.” Stern Review October 2006
11 Resources & Energy Per Year # of people ** Satisfaction Person - Year Resources & Energy Satisfaction Resource Efficiency Policies DemographyCultureTechnology
12 Two Types of Problems Global Problems - affect everyone and they can only be solved by international effort: climate change, ocean fish depletion, nuclear proliferation. Universal Problems - affect everyone and they can be solved locally by local action: soil erosion, water pollution, oil depletion.
13 Two Types of Policy It is too late to avoid some problems; for these adaptive strategies are required, for example climate change. Strong, new preventive policies imple- mented now can avoid some potential future problems, for example epidemics, nuclear proliferation